SS Chap. 4 Triangular Trade

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LIFE IN THE COLONIES
Chapter 4
Triangular Trade, Middle Passage, Cash Crops, Slavery, and Imports/Exports
WE WILL…
• Describe the economic activities of the colonies
• Identify goods for import and export
• Demonstrate the process of the Triangular Trade
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vpA5O46Ioyk
• Thirteen Colonies
VOCABULARY
• Burgesses
– Elected representatives
to an assembly
• Cash Crop
– Farm crop raised to be
sold for money
• Export
– To sell goods abroad
• Think Exit the country
• Import
– To buy goods from
foreign markets
• Bring in from other
countries
• Plantation
– A large estate run by an
owner or manager and
farmed by laborers who
lived there (or slaves)
WHAT IS THE TRIANGULAR TRADE?
• A trade route that
exchanged goods
between the West
Indies, the American
colonies, and West
Africa
TRIANGULAR TRADE
• Goods exported from
America (Colonies)
– Rice, Tobacco, Indigo,
Furs, Whale Oil
– Rum, Iron, Tools
• Most Goods were
shipped out of
northern Coastal Cities
• Goods Imported from
Africa and West Indies
– Slaves, Gold, Pepper
– Molasses
• Goods traded between
West Indies, Britain,
and Africa
– Cloth, Sugar, Iron,
Weapons, Molasses,
Slaves
MIDDLE PASSAGE
• Middle Passage
– The shipping of Africans
to the West Indies
– They were then shipped
to the American Colonies
to be sold.
– Slaves were packed into
ships, many died on the
voyage
– http://www.youtube.com
/watch?v=R1BYZRn4Lgc
AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE 1450 - 1870
Destination
British
America/
Colonies
Mexico and
Central
America
West Indies
Spanish
South
America
Guianas
Brazil
Total
427,000
224,000
4,040,000
522,000
531,000 3,647,000
Europe
175,000
SOUTHERN COLONIES
• Warm Climate
• Rich Soil
• Farming
–
–
–
–
Tobacco
Rice
Indigo
Cotton
• Cash Crop –
– Main cash crop in
Georgia and South
Carolina was Rice
– Main Cash Crop in
Virginia and North
Carolina is Tobacco
– Slaves provided the
labor
– How much does slave
labor cost?
PLANTATIONS
• A large estate run by an
owner or manager and
farmed by laborers who
lived there (or slaves)
• Large plantations
had “overseer” to
take care of the
slaves…
– Slave Boss
• What does a
plantation look like?
IMPORT VS. EXPORT
• Imports are goods
coming in
• Goods we are buying
• Imported Goods Cost
Money
• Goods we can’t
produce
• Exports are goods
exiting
• Goods we are selling
• Exported Goods Earn
Money
• Goods we have more
than we need to use
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
• Causes
• Effect
• http://www.youtube.c
om/watch?v=Yer7OfH
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