Differentiation and ESL

Report
Differentiation and ESL
Innis Elementary 2014
Differentiation means
starting where the kids are!
- Carol Ann Tomlinson
Indicators of Differentiation
• Consistent use of pretesting
• Decrease in the frequency of large group activities
• Increase in
• Small group teaching activities
• Flexible small group learning activities
• Increase in individual alternatives:
• Centers
• Homework
• Contracts
The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented, 2002
Proficiency Level
Proficiency
Level
Characteristics
Teacher Prompts/Questioning
•
•
•
•
Minimal comprehension
Does not verbalize
Nods “Yes” and “No”
Draws and points
•
•
•
•
Show me…
Circle the…
Where is…?
Who has…?
•
•
•
•
Limited comprehension
Produces one- or two-word responses
Participates using key words and familiar
phrases
Uses present-tense verbs
•
•
•
•
•
Yes/no question
Either/or questions
One- or two-word answers
Lists
Labels
High Beginner/
Low
Intermediate
•
•
•
•
Has good comprehension
Can produce simple sentences
Makes grammar and pronunciation errors
Frequently misunderstands jokes
•
•
•
•
Why…?
How…?
Explain…
Phrase or short-sentence answers
High
Intermediate/
Advanced
•
•
•
Has excellent comprehension
Makes few grammatical errors
Advanced student has a near-native level of
speech
•
•
Decide if…
Retell…
Very Low
Pre-Functional
Higher
Pre-Functional /
Low Beginner
Content Statement
5. Places are distinctive because of their physical
characteristics (landforms and bodies of water) and
human characteristics (structures built by people).
Name______________________________
Period_____
Date______
Directions: Circle the letter that identifies each picture, then write a sentence using the word.
A. An Ocean B. A Lake C. A Creek
D. A Sea
A. An Ocean B. A River C. A Stream D. A Sea
This is a photo of a creek.
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
A. An Ocean B. A River C. A Stream D. A Sea
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
A. An Ocean B. A Lake C. A Stream D. A Pool
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
If the basic accommodations
allowed by ODE on Ohio’s
State Tests are _________ and
______ _______.
Then… the basic
accommodation
allowed in the classroom
should be _______ and
______ _______.
Accessibility Features
for ALL students
PARCC / New State Tests
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Blank paper
Answer masking *
General masking *
Line reader tool
Highlight tool
Eliminate answer choices
Flag items for review
Audio amplification
Background/Font color
Writing Tools
•
•
•
•
•
Headphones or noise buffers
Magnification/ enlargement
Pop-up glossary
Spell checker
Text-to-speech for Math test, also
Sci and SS *
• General administration directions
read aloud
+ Features in red are the only ones that must be activated manually for select students. The others are
already available.
* Recommended for all LEP
ELL Accommodations
• *Prefunctional is considered Beginner on PARCC
• Extended time (* ALL LEP)
• Word-to-word dictionary (No definitions or pictures allowed) (* ALL LEP)
• General administration directions read aloud in student’s native
language (possibly)
• Scribe or Speech-to-text (in English only) responses dictated for Math,
Sci & SS
• Not recommended by the ESL department
• First year ELA test does not count (like before)….district credit for
participation???
Vocabulary Words
Word
1.
Right
Angle
2.
Force
3.
Imperialism
4.
Personification
Definition
Symbol
Example
An angle of 90
degrees
The corners of a
square are right
angles.
A push or pull on
an object
You need a lot of
force to push a
heavy box.
When one country
dominates other
countries
Europe took
Africa’s natural
resources by
force.
Giving human
characteristics to
objects
The flower was
crying for rain.
Pacing:
____ Extended Time
Classroom Supports
Presentation of Subject Material:
____ Longer “wait time” for answering questions
____ Use individual/small group instruction
____ Other: ________________
____ Simplify language
Environment:
____ Tape lectures for playback
____ Assign peer buddy
____ Show and discuss video clips
____ Provide one on one support
____ Demonstrate concepts
____ Flexible seating
____ Provide explicit vocabulary instruction
____ Work alone
____ Use manipulatives
____ Other: ________________
____ Post graphics, charts & visual aids
Reinforcement & Follow Through:
____ Emphasize critical information
____ Student-teacher goal setting
____ Use graphic organizers
____ Build confidence with positive comments
____ Pre-teach vocabulary
____ Have student restate directions
____ Other: ________________
____ Check often for understanding/review
Materials:
____ Re-teach / extend skills
____ Provide recorded texts / readings (check with Hudson)
____ Use games (for review and mastery)
____ Use supplementary materials
____ Arrange for peer tutoring
____ Highlighted textbooks / study guides
____ Plan cooperative learning experiences
____ Use adapted textbooks / easier readings
____ Make/use vocabulary files/ personal dictionaries
____ Allow use of computer
____ Teach organizational & study skills
____ Varied computer programs
____ Provide outline for content materials
____ Daily assignment student notebook
____ Use study guides to organize materials
____Other: ________________
____ Other: ________________
What will you try???
1. More visuals/modeling (even for read aloud)
2. Scaffolding for activities (possible grouping)
3. Explicit vocabulary instruction with graphic organizer
-most frequently used words and/or academic vocabulary
4. Adding in the Features offered to ESL on Ohio’s State
Tests
For next time…
• Come with an example of a strategy you tried and feedback
for how it went
• Come with questions and concerns
• Due November 17th (next PD)
Contact Us
Mark Paskert – [email protected]
John Michael – [email protected]
ESL Office: 365-3108

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