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Internationalization of Russian Higher Education:
Current Trends and Global Challenges
.
Viktor Koksharov,
Rector of Ural Federal University
1
Internationalization of Russian Higher Education...
www.urfu.ru
TRENDS: GLOBAL
 Massification (growth of tertiary student enrollment)
90
80
70
60
50
2007
40
2013
30
20
10
0
Sub-Skharan
Africa
South and
West Asia
Arab World
East and
Pacific Asia
Central Asia Latin America Central and North America
and Carribean
Eastern
and Western
Europe
Europe
2
Internationalization of Russian Higher Education...
www.urfu.ru
TRENDS: GLOBAL
 Globalization (increasing number of international
students)
463% growth over 39 years
30% growth in 5 years
197
5
0.8M
1980
1.1
M
1985
1.1
M
1990
1.3M
1995
1.7M
2000
1.9M
2009
3.4M
2014
4.6M
Up to 8 mln. international students in 2020
3
Internationalization of Russian Higher Education...
www.urfu.ru
TRENDS: GLOBAL
 Commercialization (changes in the role and functions of
the university: University as a Corporation)
Two models:
 University as a corporation, producing curricula for the
students (student-oriented approaches)
 University as a company, producing graduates for the
employers (employer-oriented approaches)
Thus, higher education is getting more and more mass,
commercial and globalized activity. Our societies need
criteria for differentiations between elite and mass
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education.
Internationalization of Russian Higher Education...
www.urfu.ru
What is World Class University (WCL)?
Concentration of the talents
Students
Professors
Researchers
Internationalization
Graduates
Research
outputs
WCU
Public funds, endowment
fund revenue, fees,
research grants
Technology
transfer
System of administrative
support, autonomy,
academic freedoms, team of
leaders, strategic vision,
quality assurance
,
Concentration of resources
Effective management and governance
According to: Nian Cai Liu et al., Paths to a World-Class University. Lessons from Practices
and Experiences, Sense: Rotterdam, Boston, Taipei, 2011, p. x.
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Internationalization of Russian Higher Education...
www.urfu.ru
THE ROLE OF THE RANKINGS IN WCU
FORMATION
IDP (China) research on the most important reasons of
the students choice of the university (2012):
 International reputation/ranking (33%)
 International recognition by potential employers (21%)
 Attractive course structure/content (14,9%)
Thus, rankings play increasingly important role in the WCU
formation through attracting talents and the resources to the
top-ranked institutions of higher education
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Internationalization of Russian Higher Education...
www.urfu.ru
TRENDS: RUSSIA
Russian Federation closely follows these trends in:
- creating ranks of National, Federal, and National
Research Universities
- launching 5-100-2020 programme (programme of
enhancing competitiveness of Russian universities)
- Identifying some strategic priorities of Russian Higher
Education system, the main of which is its integration
in Global Academia
THUS, INTERNATIONALIZATION IS THE MAIN CURRENT
PRIORITY OF RUSSIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM 7
Internationalization of Russian Higher Education...
www.urfu.ru
RANKINGS: RUSSIA AND KAZAKHSTAN
2011
2012
2013
0
100
Moscow State University
Saint-Petersburg State University
200
Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Moscow State Istitute of Unternational
Relations (MGIMO)
300
Novosibirsk State University
Al-Farabi Kazakh National University
400
Gumilyev Eurasian University
Ural Federal University
500
600
8
Internationalization of Russian Higher Education...
www.urfu.ru
SOME CONCLUSIONS
Thus:
• The two Kazakh universities demonstrate better rankings
dynamics than any of Russian universities
• The main reason is that they started internationalization
process earlier than Russian universities, which relied too
much upon their traditional strength
• Internationalization, then, is a key word of the successful
strategy for becoming the world class university
• Successful internationalization strategy of any Russian
university must be oriented both to the west and to the
east: to the US and Western Europe and to the countries of
former Soviet Union, SOC, BRICS and South East Asia
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INTERNATIONALIZATION IN RUSSIA...
www.urfu.ru
SOME CONCLUSIONS
• Internationalization should include, among other things,
creating vibrant international environment inside the
university through broad international recruiting of both
students and professors
• One of the best ways to begin such process is to start network
collaboration with certain target partners. That is why UrFU,
for example, actively participate in the networks of CIS, SOC,
BRICS and Arctic universities as well as in the Sino-Russian
Association of Technical Universities.
On the basis of these conslusions UrFU elaborated a Road Map
of Enhancing Global Competitiveness.
The main idea: concentration of the resources on the support
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of the centres of excellence.
Science
1. Information Technologies and Man
in the Information Society
Indicator
2013
(present)
Phase I
2013-2015
Phase II
2015-2017
Phase III
2018-2020
Key excellence centres
5
7
7
8
Proceeds form R&D projects
conducted in the interests
of industrial companies
Laboratories and science groups
5
20
23
26
600
Articles in Web of Science and Scopus /
with international participation per year
150/25
240/62
350/104
400/120
Total scope of SRW per year, mln RUR
150
175
215
290
Scope of SRW completed on business
orders per year, mln RUR
110
120
130
160
Working post-docs and international
researchers per year, persons
400
200
0
3
11
17
22
Strategic Partners:
Academic: University of Oxford; University of California, Berkeley;
University of Vienna, University of Tasmania, Hobart; University of
Paris Diderot — Paris 7; University of Paris 1 — PantheonSorbonne; Karlsruhe University, Fachhochschule Brandenburg;
University of Stuttgart; European Southern Observatory, Santiago
Business: Microsoft, Intel, IM, Cisco, National Instruments,
Google, Yandex, Siemens
2013
1 stage
20132015
2 stage
20162017
3 stage
20182020
• 2014 ACM ICPC World Finals
• CE ‘Intelligent systems,
technical vision, programming’
• CE ‘Quantum and video information
technologies: from com-puter vision to
intellectual videoanalytics’
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Science
2. Power Engineering, Resource Saving,
and Environmental Management
Indicator
2013
Phase I
Phase II
(present) 2013-2015 2015-2017
Phase III
2018-2020
Key excellence centres
3
4
5
6
Proceeds form R&D projects
conducted in the interests
of industrial companies
Laboratories and science groups
5
12
22
32
600
Articles in Web of Science and Scopus /
with international participation per year
160/12
240/45
260/75
290/120
Total scope of SRW per year, mln RUR
110
250
500
950
Scope of SRW completed on business
orders per year, mln RUR
70
130
300
480
Working post-docs and international
researchers per year, persons
2
400
200
0
11
17
25
2013
Strategic Partners:
Academic: University of Hamburg; Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute,
the University of Tokyo; Institute of Environmental Physics at the University
of Bremen; Grenoble Institute of Technology; University of Versailles; Alfred
Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research; The Deutsches ElektronenSynchrotron DESY; Dresden-Rossendorf Research Centre, the Institute of Ion
Beam Physics and Materials Research; Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
KAERI; Institute Pierre Simon Laplace
Business: Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company, TMK, Evraz Holding,
Mechel, NLMK, Russian Copper Company, VSMPO-Avisma
1 stage
20132015
2 stage
20162017
3 stage
20182020
• The project ‘Physics of
Climate and Environment’
• Cyclotron Nuclear
Medicine Centre
• Corporate Technical
University and Base
Department (in
collaboration with UMMC)
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Science
3. Flexible Technologies and New Materials
Indicator
2013
(Present)
Phase I
Phase II
2013-2015 2015-2017
Phase III
2018-2020
Key excellence centres
8
11
13
15
Laboratories and science groups
7
17
25
30
1 600
Articles in Web of Science and Scopus /
with international participation per year
350/50
490/105
900/290
1500/600
1 200
Total scope of SRW per year, mln RUR
280
340
540
1 100
Scope of SRW completed on business
orders per year, mln RUR
120
160
200
300
Working post-docs and international
researchers per year, persons
Number of articles in Scopus
and WoS
800
400
0
5
14
32
55
2013
Strategic Partners:
Academic: University of Manchester; Radboud University; Vienna University
of Technology; Seoul National University; Ecole Central Paris; University of
Oxford; University of Twente; Tokyo University; Higher Technical Schools
(Switzerland); Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Shanghai Institute of Ceramics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences; German Aerospace Centre; National Institute for
Material Science (Japan)
Business: Boeing (USA), SMS Meer Group (Germany), Linseis (Germany),
Chiyoda Technol Corporation (Japan), and Hitachi Europe Ltd. (Cambridge, GB)
1 stage
20132015
2 stage
20162017
3 stage
20182020
• Nanodimensional
Ferrielectric Materials
Laboratory (lead by
leading international
scientist – Andrei
Kholkin, Professor,
University of Aveiro)
19
Science
4. Living Systems and Health
Indicator
2013
Phase I
Phase II
(Present) 2013-2015 2015-2017
Phase III
2018-2020
Key excellence centres
3
4
6
8
Number of articles in Scopus
and WoS published with foreign
co-authors
Laboratories and science groups
3
8
17
25
600
Articles in Web of Science and Scopus /
with international participation per year
180/30
320/66
570/170
810/300
Total scope of SRW per year, mln RUR
30
70
125
250
Scope of SRW completed on business
orders per year, mln RUR
10
50
80
120
Working post-docs and international
researchers per year, persons
400
200
0
2
10
16
27
2013
Strategic Partners:
Academic: University of Oxford; Imperial College London, University of
Manchester; Ghent University; Okayama University; University of Tasmania;
University of Hyderabad; Catholic University of Leuven; Nankai University;
Rutgers University; Medicinal University of Vienna; Clinical University of Ulm
1 stage
20132015
2 stage
20162017
3 stage
20182020
• Science and Technology
and Innovation
Pharmaceutical
Technology Centre
• Chemical Pharmacy
Centre
Business: Intel, IBM, NVIDIA, BIOTRONIK SE & Co.KG (Germany), Medsintez
Plant LLC, Medical Military Centre
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THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION!
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