Spill Response – 7 steps

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PRESENTS
7 STEPS FOR SPILL RESPONSE
•ASSESS THE RISK
•SELECT PERSONAL PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT
•CONFINE THE SPILL
•STOP THE SOURCE
•EVALUATE INCIDENT / IMPLEMENT
CLEANUP
•DECONTAMINATE
•COMPLETE REQUIRED REPORTS
ASSESS THE RISK
From the moment a spill occurs and throughout the response
effort, determine the risks that may affect human health, the
environment, and property.
ALWAYS PUT SAFETY FIRST!
If possible, identify the spilled
material and determine how much
has spilled. Use the container’s
label or the Material Safety Data
Sheet (MSDS) to identify the liquid
and the primary dangers posed to
spill responders and the
environment.
SELECT PERSONAL PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT (PPE)
Choose the appropriate PPE to safely respond to the spill.
Consult MSDS and literature from chemical and PPE
manufacturers for best PPE recommendations. If you are
uncertain of the danger or the spilled material is unknown,
assume the worst and use the
highest level of protection.
CONFINE THE SPILL
SPEED COUNTS! Limit the spill area by blocking, diverting,
or confining the spill. Use contained absorbents including the
PIG® socks and booms found in our spill kits. Stop the spread
of liquid before it has a chance to contaminate a water
source. Spill kits are designed to facilitate a quick, effective
response. Non-absorbent barriers, such as SPILLBLOCKER®
Dike and DRAINBLOCKER® Drain Plug, are also available to
confine liquids, minimize the spill area, and protect drains.
STOP THE SOURCE
After the spill is confined, stop the source of the spill. This
may simply involve turning a container upright, closing a
valve, or plugging a leak from a damaged drum or container.
Products such as PIG® Repair Putty, barrel patches, and cone
plugs are effective at stopping leaks. Transfer liquids from
the damaged container to a new one.
EVALUATE INCIDENT
IMPLEMENT CLEAN-UP
Once the spill is confined with socks or dikes and the source
has been stopped, it is time to reassess the incident and
develop a plan of action for implementing the spill cleanup.
PIG® Pillows and PIG® Mat Pads
should be used to absorb the
remainder of the spill. Simply place
the pillows and pads throughout the
spill area. Once the absorbents are
saturated, they should be properly
disposed. Used absorbents may be
considered hazardous waste and
should be managed properly.
TIPS FOR SPILL RESPONDERS
•Always begin with socks or dikes to confine spill
•Overlap ends of socks / dikes by at least 15cm
•Stop the source before implementing cleanup
•Use mats and pillows to quickly soak up the spill
•Choose pillows when depth of liquid greater than 5mm
•Attack spill from outside in - avoid stepping in spilled liquid
•Use “buddy system” - avoid responding alone
•Thoroughly decontaminate ALL equipment after a spill
•Frequently train responders - hold mock spill response drills
DECONTAMINATE
Decontaminate the site, personnel, and equipment by
removing or neutralizing the hazardous materials that have
accumulated during the spill.
This may involve removing
and disposing of
contaminated media, such
as earth, that were exposed
during the spill incident.
An effective decontamination
area ensures the health and
safety of emergency responders.
COMPLETE REQUIRED REPORTS
Complete all notifications and reporting required by local,
state, and Federal guidelines for reporting spill incidents.
Failure to do so can result in severe penalties!
Medical Report
YOU SPILLED
WHAT???
Local Emergency
Planning Commission
National Response
Center Report
Company Safety
Report
REMEMBER THE 7 STEPS
1 - ASSESS THE RISK
Begins the moment the spill occurs and continues throughout the response
2 - SELECT PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Protect yourself by choosing proper PPE
3 - CONFINE THE SPILL
Cover drains and use socks/dikes to control the spread of liquid
4 - STOP THE SOURCE
Stop the flow before attacking the spill
5 - EVALUATE INCIDENT / IMPLEMENT CLEANUP
Use mats and pillows to soak up the spill
6 - DECONTAMINATE
Thoroughly decontaminate personnel, equipment, and spill area
7 - COMPLETE REQUIRED REPORTS
Follow all appropriate regulations

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