Poverty in Numbers Jeremy Aspinall Director of Communications, Church Urban Fund June 2013 Church Urban Fund Our Mission: To transform the lives of the poorest and most marginalised in England. Poverty in England? Research • To help people understand the reality of poverty in England. • To engage with the issues at a personal level. • To get involved in local social action. Poverty lookup tool Poverty-related indicators Census Other • • • • • • Index of Multiple Deprivation • Child poverty • Working age poverty • Pensioner poverty • Life expectancy No qualifications Social Housing Lone parenthood Ethnic diversity Older population The web of poverty Poverty-related indicators Child poverty % of children in families claiming out of work benefits or tax credits, (2010) with income less than 60% of the national median income. Working-age % of working age adults (16-65) claiming one or more ‘key’ working poverty (2012) age benefit, including JSA, ESA, IS and other income-related benefits. Pensioner poverty % of older people in receipt of the Guarantee Credit element of (2012) Pension credit. No qualifications % of adults (aged 16 and over) with no academic, vocational or (2011) professional qualifications. Lone parenthood Lone parent households as a % of all households with dependent (2011) children. Social housing % of households living in local authority or housing association (2011) properties. cuf.org.uk/povertyindicators Methodology • Data remodelled from Lower Super Output Areas (LSOA) to parish boundaries. • LSOA data is rounded for confidentiality, so some caution needed in interpretation. • Parishes with populations <500 excluded to avoid distortion. Structure 1. National overview 2. Inequality in England 3. Geographical spread of deprivation 4. Church-based responses 1. One fifth of children live in poverty. % in poverty 21% 2010 13% 2010 15% 2010 1. One quarter of adults have no qualifications. 23% 2011 24% 2011 18% 2011 Real people exist behind these numbers! Abby, Newcastle 2. There is marked inequality in England. Child poverty Working age poverty Pensioner poverty Life expectancy (boys) Life expectancy (girls) *By single indicator Lowest in country* Highest in country* 0% 65% St Andrew, Southwark St Margaret, Toxteth, Liverpool 1% 60% St Catherine, St Eds & Ipswich St Philip & St Jacob, Bristol 0% 69% St Sepulchre, London Holy Trinity, Guildford 66 years 88 years St Peter, Blackburn Sibford, Oxford 70 years 99 years St Simon & St Jude, Chichester St Michael, Worcester 2. There is marked inequality in England. No qualifications Lone parenthood Social housing *By single indicator Lowest in country* Highest in country* 1% 63% St Botolph, Ely St Leonards, Lincoln 0% 67% St Michael & All Angels, Leicester St Michael & St Martin, Oxford 0% 87% St Lawrence, Blackburn St Paul, Manchester How can churches respond to inequality? “I am so glad that we have more churches pairing together across the Wirral... I believe God will show us how to develop Christian communities in such a way that they will be a real blessing to the wider community.” The Rt Revd Keith Sinclair Bishop of Birkenhead 3. Deprivation is not evenly spread – north-south divide. 10% most deprived parishes 10% least deprived parishes Varying child poverty rates in dioceses. 4 dioceses with highest rates 4 dioceses with lowest rates % of children living in poverty, by diocese (2010) Varying working-age poverty rates in dioceses. 4 dioceses with highest rates 4 dioceses with lowest rates % of working-age adults living in poverty (2012) Varying pensioner poverty rates in dioceses. 4 dioceses with highest rates 4 dioceses with lowest rates % of pensioners living in poverty, by diocese (2012) Dense clusters of poverty exist in certain dioceses... Mapping of IMD 2010 scores ...such as Manchester... ...compared to Guildford. Mapping of IMD 2010 scores Almost half of parishes in Manchester have high rates of deprivation. % of parishes in dioceses that rate amongst the tenth most deprived nationally Manchester 45% Birmingham 45% Liverpool 45% Sheffield 33% Durham 30% London 25% Guildford 0% Yet affluence and deprivation can be in very close proximity. 1. CAMBERLEY HEATHERSIDE Guildford Diocese IMD rank* 5 Child poverty 6% Working age poverty 3% Pensioner poverty 3% 3 miles 2. THE GOOD SHEPHERD, FARNBOROUGH *where 1 is the least deprived parish in the country IMD rank* 9754 Child poverty 23% Working age poverty 12% Pensioner poverty 22% 4. How can churches respond to local and national poverty? Many churches are already active in their community. • 54% of parishes (more than 6,500) run organised activities to address at least one social need in their community. • 82% of parishes (more than 10,000) have been asked for help and in response have provided informal support. Source: The Church in Action, January 2013 But more social action takes place on council estates and inner city areas. Percentage of parishes in different areas offering organised activities (Church in Action, CUF, January 2013). • • • • • • • Birmingham Bradford Cornwall Chester Lancashire Liverpool Middlesbrough • • • • • Newcastle Nottingham London Southwark TBC: Durham, Coventry, Bristol Together: we can transform the lives of the poorest and most marginalised in England.