Developing 21st century competencies through disciplines of knowledge Barry McGaw Vice-Chancellor’s Fellow, University of Melbourne Chair, Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority Education and 21st Century Competencies National Symposium Muscat, Sultanate of Oman 22-24 September 2013 ABN 34 117 491 228 mcgaw group pty ltd Outline of presentation Simultaneous treatment of disciplines and 21st century skills Presenting the curriculum electronically Linking resources to the curriculum for teachers Simultaneous treatment of disciplines and 21st century skills 21st century skills for the 21st century Cisco/Intel/Microsoft Assessment and Teaching of 21st century skills project White paper defining 21st century skills • • • ABN 34 117 491 228 mcgaw group pty ltd • Ways of thinking – Creativity and innovation – Critical thinking, problem solving and decision making – Learning to learn and metacognition Ways of working – Communication – Collaboration and teamwork Tools for working – Information literacy – ICT literacy Living in the world – Citizenship – global and local – Life and career – Personal and social responsibility Australian Curriculum view of 21st century skills Are they uniquely 21st century? Nomenclature General capabilities not 21st century skills Literacy Numeracy Information and communication technology capability Critical and creative thinking Personal and social capability Ethical understanding Intercultural understanding Key questions ABN 34 117 491 228 mcgaw group pty ltd Most have been important for centuries The technology-rich environment is new Do we have developmental continua for these capabilities? What content would be required for their development? ATC21S Australian Curriculum Ways of thinking Creativity and innovation Critical thinking, problem solving & decision making Learning to learn and metacognition Critical and creative thinking Personal capability Ways of working Communication Literacy Collaboration and teamwork Social capability Tools for working Information literacy ICT literacy ICT capability Living in the world ABN 34 117 491 228 mcgaw group pty ltd Numeracy Citizenship – global and local Intercultural understanding Life and career Ethical understanding Personal and social responsibility Personal and social capability Australian Curriculum view of knowledge disciplines Central place for content Preserving the disciplines • • ABN 34 117 491 228 mcgaw group pty ltd Attending to some current, cross-curriculum priorities • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures • Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia • Sustainability Form of curriculum content Disciplines are the result of several millennia of human effort Research on expertise shows importance of deep, domain-specific knowledge Content descriptions setting out learning entitlements Content elaborations for teachers who would like more details Achievement standards with annotated samples of student work Can the same content serve the general capabilities? Structure of the Australian Curriculum Many cells will be empty. Can general capabilities be covered in the cells? Sustainability 3 Cross-curriculum Priorities Asia and Australia’s Links with Asia Technologies Languages The Arts Civics and Citizenship Economics, Business Geography History Mathematics Science 11 Disciplines/Learning areas Health and Physical Education ABN 34 117 491 228 mcgaw group pty ltd English Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures 7 General Capabilities Presenting the curriculum electronically F-10 • English, mathematics, science, history, geography available. • Rest due by end of 2013. This button opens curriculum by learning area, general capability, cross-curriculum priority and year (grade) level. Filter by year (grade) levels, strands, general capabilities, cross-curriculum priorities. Icons indicate general capabilities and cross-curriculum priorities for which the content descriptions are relevant. Icons for general capabilities and cross-curriculum priorities Use this view to display content and content elaborations. Foundation year selected. General capability & crosscurriculum priority icons. Display filtered on: General capability Grade/year Strand 4 Science understanding Critical & creative thinking Organising elements The Critical and creating thinking learning continuum is organised into four interrelated elements, each detailing differing aspects of thinking. The elements are not a taxonomy of thinking. Rather, each makes its own contribution to learning and needs to be explicitly and simultaneously developed. Inquiring – identifying, exploring and organising information and ideas Generating ideas, possibilities and actions Reflecting on thinking and processes Analysing, synthesising and evaluating reasoning and procedures. Six levels cover the years F to 10. Level 1 – Foundation Level 2 – Years 1-2 Level 3 – Years 3-4 Level 4 – Years 5-6 Level 5 – Years 7-9 Level 6 – Years 9-10 In this display, 3 levels can be seen at a time, either 1-3 or 4-6. Asking why events make people happy or sad. Asking who, when, how and why about a range of situations and events. Linking resources to the curriculum for teachers Website of resources linked by meta-tags to the Australian Curriculum Filtered on: Grade/Year 4 Critical & creative thinking Now select: View elaborations and matching resources Resources for students and teachers help with personalisation of learning for students. The resources can be filtered by type. 182 resources listed below. Review and conclusion Australian Curriculum Electronic presentation ABN 34 117 491 228 mcgaw group pty ltd Includes 21st century skills as general capabilities Is also, very importantly, organised by disciplines/learning areas. Provides developmental continua for both Allows users to filter the curriculum in various ways. Allows ready connection with a database of electronic resources Powerful confluence of developments that is supporting a major curriculum change in Australia. Thank you.