CPR Introduction A High School beginners guide to CPR How Do I get Certified? Certification for CPR and First Aid is easy to obtain! Just find your local Canadian Red Cross or St. Johns Ambulance center and sign up for the basic training course! Brainstorming Questions What does CPR stand for? When would you perform CPR? What do you know about CPR? C-P-R Cardio – Having to do with the heart Pulmonary - Having to do with the lungs Resuscitation - The act of reviving a person and returning them to consciousness BILL NYE HEART VIDEO http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbttJ-5do9M When to Perform CPR? No breathing No pulse Unconscious Heart Attack/Cardiac Arrest Heart Attack –Reduced level of oxygen to the heart muscle Cardiac Arrest – Heart stops beating Signs and Symptoms – Pale, chest pain, pain moving to left arm, upset stomach, shortness of breath, tired, denial Risk Factors – Age, cholesterol, weight, heredity, diet, smoking, fitness, high blood pressure, stress The first important steps in giving CPR are…. The three C’s!! Is the scene safe? Check to make sure that the scene is safe!!! Fire, wires, gas, glass, spills, traffic, falling objects etc. Make sure you are also taking care of yourself! Assess what might have happened Is there anyone around who can also help? Ask others around the scene for as much help as they can offer! Calling for help is often the most important action you can take to help an ill or injured person. Call 911 or the local emergency number (If there are other people at the scene, ask someone else to call for you to help!) If you’re by yourself, call 911 and/or get AED before you start CPR Give the 911 operator the correct information about your location, victim, what happened and any other information you can. Be the last to hang up! Once you have followed the first two C’s, you may need to give care until EMS personnel arrive. Follow these guidelines: Do no further harm. Monitor the person’s breathing and conciousness. Help the person rest in the most comfortable position. Keep the person from getting chilled or overheated. Reassure the person. Give any specific care needed. Primary Survey D – anger R – esponse A – irway B – reathing C – irculation https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vXim8rU7lY8 1 – Make sure scene is safe 2 – Check responsiveness of victim – Pinch shoulders – speak loudly in both ears 3 – Call 911 or have someone call 911 4 – Check Airway, Breathing Circulation – Head tilt chin lift look listen and feel for 10 seconds 5 - Give 2 breaths 6 – Give 30 compressions – in center of chest 7 – Continue steps 5 and 6 until…victim recovers, emergency help arrives, you are exhausted, someone else who is trained takes over, AED arrives This Video is from the British Red Cross. It will take you through the important steps of CPR for a child! Click to watch the video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IIU6s20w_fE Here are some key points to Child CPR in case you missed them! The same first 3 steps apply for children as adults when giving CPR. (check for consciousness, call for help, open airway check for signs of life) After opening the airway, give 5 rescue breaths Check for signs of life If there are no signs of life, follow with 30 chest compressions with only one hand. Continue 30 to 2 ratio until EMT arrives. This Video is from the British Red Cross. It will take you through the important steps of CPR for an infant! Click to watch the video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ZglCFfzKwA&feature= related Important things you need to know about Infant CPR! Checking for conciousness on a baby is different from an adult or child, you must tap their foot. Check for consciousness, call for help, open airway check for signs of life. Give 5 rescue breaths then listen for signs of life. Follow with 30 chest compressions with only 2 fingers and not as much force. Continue 30 to 2 ratio until EMT arrives. Now we will learn how to treat an adult, child, and infant who are choking and not able to cough, speak, or breathe. Step 1 Check scene, then check person. Step 2 Have someone call 9111 Step 3 Obtain Consent to care for the person. Step 4 Give 5 quick, upward abdominal thrusts. Stand behind victim with one leg between theirs Find hips, and make fist where belly button should be Pull in and up at about 60% of strength Step 5 Continue abdominal thrusts until object is forced out person can breathe or cough forcefully person becomes unconscious WHAT TO DO NEXT: Follow the same 1-6 steps of a choking adult for a choking child, and infant. REMEMBER TO CALL 911!! This is a video that takes you through the entire process of CPR and use of an AED on an adult. Pay close attention to make sure you remember all this important information! Click here to watch video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6aZxH_J9g_0&feature= related Step 1-3 Turn on AED Wipe chest dry Plug in connector if necessary Step 4 Make sure no one, including yourself, is touching the victim Say “everyone stand clear!” Push shock button if necessary WHAT TO DO NEXTAfter shock, give 5 cycles or about 2 minutes of CPR. The three C’s- Check, Call, Care! We learned how to perform CRP on an adult, a child, and an infant. We learned how to treat a choking adult, child, and infant. We also learned how to use the AED! Being certified in CPR and First Aid doesn’t only benefit yourself, but everyone around you because you never know when CPR will be needed. The American Red Cross has trained millions of people in first aid and CPR. These are the people who are dedicated to making the world a safer place for everyone! I hope you learned some important information about CPR and hopefully you want to get certified! Videos from www.youtube.com Pictures on slides 2,5,19, and 20 are from www.googleimages.com All other pictures courtesy of clipart All information about CPR, AED, Choking, and the three C’s from 3rd Edition Participants Manual provided by American Red Cross Title: First Aid/CPR/AED for Schools and Community.