Paris Peace Settlements

Paris Peace Settlements
Sean Corcoran and Christine Shin
• Creation of the League of
• Germany must concede
Eupen-Malmédy to
Belgium, the Hultschin
district to Czechoslovakia,
and Poznan, West Prussia
and Upper Silesia to
• Saar, Danzig and Memel
were given self
determination by the
League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles (cont)
• Germany must return
Alsace-Lorraine to France
• Germany must give up all
lands acquired in the Treaty
of Brest-Litovsk (created
the states of Estonia,
Lithuania, and Latvia)
• 15 year occupation of the
Rhineland by the allies
• All Germany overseas
colonies became League of
Nations Mandates
• Danzig becomes a free city
Versailles (cont.)
• Article 231 – War Guilt
– Germany accepts complete
responsibility for initiating
– Germany is liable for all
damages and must pay
reparations (£6,600 million)
• Germany’s army limited to
100,000 men
– (no conscription)
• Germany’s navy limited to
vessels under 100,000 tons
– No submarine fleet
Versailles (cont)
• Germany was forbidden
to maintain an air force
• Ban on the union of
Germany and Austria
• Required trials against
the Kaiser and other
officials for war crimes
– Most of them were
– Called the Liepzig trials,
seen as a sham
Versailles (cont.)
• German government
and people referred to
the treaty as Diktat, or
dictated peace
• The treaty didn’t cause
the problems from
• Treaty harmed the
ability of European
countries to work
Versailles (cont)
• Losing powers made
it a part of their
foreign policy to NOT
follow the treaty
• Created the Weimar
government in
Germany and got rid
of the Kaiser
Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye
• September 1919
• Treaty between the
allies and Austria
• Formally dissolved the
• Recognized the
independence of
Yugoslavia, Poland,
Czechoslovakia, and
Treaty of St. Germain (cont)
• Galicia was given to
• Bukovina was given to
• Bohemia and Moravia
were given to
• South Tyrol, Trieste,
Trentino, Istria, and some
of the Dalmatian Islands
were given to Italy
Treaty of St. Germain (cont)
• Austria could not unite
politically or
economically with
• Austria was forbidden
to go by the name
“German Austria”
• Austrian army was
limited to 30,000 men
Treaty of St. Germain (cont)
• Austria must pay
– Starting in May 1921,
must pay for 30 years
– Austria never actually
paid reparations except
in farm animals (cows
and bulls to Italy,
Romania, and Yugoslavia)
• Treaty left Austria land
locked and with just 1/5
of its previous population
and ¼ of its land area
Treaty of Trianon
• June 1920
• Treaty between the
allies and Hungary
• Acknkowledged the
dissolving of the
• 75% of Hungary’s land
was lost and it became
a landlocked nation
Treaty of Trianon (cont)
• It was not given self
determination and many
Hungarians were put into
other countries
• Lost most of her
resources such as iron
• Vienna, where all of
Hungarian banking took
place, was now outside
of its borders
Treaty of Trianon (cont)
• Slovakia and Ruthenia
were given to
• Transylvania was given
to Romania
• Burgenland was given
to Austria
• Slovenia and Croatia
were given to
Treaty of Trianon (cont)
• Hungarian army is
reduced to 35,000 men
with no conscription
• Hungary could not have a
navy or an air force
• Hungary was against the
treaty and flew their flags
at half mast until 1938 on
government buildings
because of it
Treaty of Neuilly
• November 1919
• Treaty between the
allies and Bulgaria
• Western Thrace was
given to Greece
• Dobrudja was given
to Romania
Treaty of Neuilly (cont)
• Northern Macedonia
was given to
• Reparations were
required (£100 million)
• Bulgaria legally
recognizes Yugoslavia
(former Serbia)
• Bulgarian army limited
to 20,000 men
Treaty of Sevres
• August 1920
• Treaty between the
allies and Turkey
• The Straits of
Dardanelles would be
controlled by the
• The British took over
Treaty of Serves (cont)
• Saudi Arabia gained
• Turkey lost rights to
Sudan and Libya
• Eastern Thrace and some
of the Aegean islands
were given to Greece
• Mesopotamia, Palestine,
and Syria became League
of Nations mandates
Treaty of Sevres (cont)
• Kingdom of Hejaz given
– Contained Mecca and
• Armenia given autonomy
• Dodecanese islands were
given to Italy
• Failed to create Kurdistan
• Ottoman army limited to
50,000 men
Treaty of Sevres (cont)
• Air force was forbidden,
Navy limited to 13 boats
• Allies could supervise the
Ottoman military
• Control of finances and the
Ottoman economy were
handed over to the allies
• Ottoman Empire is
forbidden to have
economic collaboration
with any of the members of
the triple alliance
• Turkey rejected the treaty
Treaty of Lausanne
• 1923
• Amended the treaty of
• Expelled the Greeks
• Turkey recovered Eastern
Thrace, the Aegean Islands,
Smyrna, and a strip of land
along the Syrian border
• No reparations
• No limitation on Turkish
military establishments
outside the Zone of the
Works Cited
"IB History Notes - Terms Of The Paris Peace Treaties 1919-20: Versailles, St
Germain, Trianon, Neuilly, Sevre." IB Guides - Free International Baccalaureate
Study Guides, Notes, Videos and Powerpoints. Web. 05 Oct. 2011.
"The Treaty of Neuilly." History Learning Site. Web. 05 Oct. 2011.
"The Treaty of Sevres." History Learning Site. Web. 05 Oct. 2011.
"The Treaty Of St. Germain." History Learning Site. Web. 05 Oct. 2011.
"The Treaty of Trianon." History Learning Site. Web. 05 Oct. 2011.
"Treaty of Versailles, 1919." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. 05
Oct. 2011. <>.
"The Treaty of Versailles." History Learning Site. Web. 05 Oct. 2011.

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