Model Answers - How to write

Report
EXAM TECHNIQUES
Preparing for Success
St James’s CE High School
PRACTISE
PAST PAPERS
& QUESTIONS
Preparing for Success
St James’s CE High School
•
•
•
•
•
Underline key words
Look at marks available
Allocate time
Plan long answers
Attempt all questions
Preparing for Success
St James’s CE High School
The 4 Steps To
Question Success
1.Read
2.Comprehend
3.Knowledge
4.Articulate
St James’s CE High School
Describe the characteristics of circuit
training and explain how it could be
used to improve an individuals health
and fitness (6 marks)
St James’s CE High School
Read
(highlight / underline IMPORTANT /
KEY WORDS)
Describe the characteristics of circuit
training and explain how it could be
used to improve an individuals health
and fitness (6 marks)
In your answer you may consider:
Features of circuit training
improvement in health
improvement in fitness
any other relevant information
St James’s CE High School
Comprehend
(what is the question asking you for?)
Describe the characteristics of circuit training and explain how it could
be used to improve an individuals health and fitness (6 marks)
1. Describe characteristics circuit training
2. Explain how to improve health and
3. Explain how to improve fitness
St James’s CE High School
Knowledge
(what you have been taught by your
teacher!)
Describe the characteristics of circuit training and explain how it could
be used to improve an individuals health and fitness (6 marks)
1. Describe characteristics circuit training
2. Explain how to improve health and
3. Explain how to improve fitness
Don’t just spray
everything over the
paper –go through it –
plan where you can!
St James’s CE High School
Articulate
(what are the key words that it is asking for
you to do?)
Describe the characteristics of circuit training and explain how it could
be used to improve an individuals health and fitness (6 marks)
1. Describe characteristics of circuit training
2. Explain how to improve health and
3. Explain how to improve fitness
St James’s CE High School
St James’s CE High School
Articulate
Describe the characteristics of circuit training and explain
how it could be used to improve an individuals health and fitness
(6 marks)
Describe
Circuit training involves a number of exercises (6-10) performed at stations,
arranged to avoid exercising the same muscle groups consecutively. Each
exercise is carried out for a set time / repetitions before moving on to the next
station.
Explain how to improve fitness
Eg. Circuit training can be used to improve an individuals fitness. Fitness
is the ability to meet the demands of the environment. The advantage of
circuit training is that it can be designed to improve any type or more than
one type of fitness whether it be health or skill related. An example of this
would be if you wanted to improve your speed you would perform activities
like shuttle runs and bench steps, whereas if you wanted to improve your
upper body strength, you would perform activities such as, shoulder
extensions and bicep curls.
St James’s CE High School
The following slides are guidance and
an example of some of the content
that the examiners are looking for,
they are not the full answers
St James’s CE High School
2011
Explain how the range of roles available in physical
activity should provide sufficient opportunity for all to
become or remain involved in sport/physical activity.
• In your answer you may consider:
• the range of roles available to become, or remain,
involved in physical activity
• the personal qualities needed to fulfil the range of roles
available in physical activity
• how the range of roles provides opportunity for all to
stay or become involved in physical activity.
St James’s CE High School
2011
Explain how the range of roles available in physical
activity should provide sufficient opportunity for all to
become or remain involved in sport/physical activity.
• In your answer you may consider:
• the range of roles available to become, or remain,
involved in physical activity
• the personal qualities needed to fulfil the range of roles
available in physical activity
• how the range of roles provides opportunity for all to
stay or become involved in physical activity.
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
There are lots of ways to become or remain
involved in Physical Activity, such as being a
performer or player in a sport, umpiring,
coaching or being a trainer. If you are not good
at playing a sport like football you may still be
able to take part in the sport by umpiring if you
know the rules or coaching. To do this you need
to be organised, a good communicator and
enthusiastic to help people who are
participating.
St James’s CE High School
2011
A healthy, active lifestyle will have an impact on the
body systems. Describe some of the effects of
participation on the body’s cardiovascular and
muscular systems.
In your answer you may consider:
• the immediate and short-term effects of
participation on each system
• the effects of regular participation and long-term
effects on each system.
St James’s CE High School
2011
A healthy, active lifestyle will have an impact on the
body systems. Describe some of the effects of
participation on the body’s cardiovascular and
muscular systems.
In your answer you may consider:
• the immediate and short-term effects of
participation on each system
• the effects of regular participation and long-term
effects on each system.
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
The short term effects of exercise on the Cardiovascular system are an increase in heart rate as
more Oxygen is needed to be pumped to the
working muscles. Stroke Volume increases over
time as you are pumping more blood out due to
Hypertrophy of the heart. There is also a
decrease in resting Heart rate as the heart is
more efficient.
St James’s CE High School
2012
Eshan is inspired by performers in the run up to the
London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, and
is determined to improve his performance. He
decides to set SMART targets as a first step to
achieving his long-term goal.
• Discuss the use of target setting to improve
performance.
• You must make reference to examples in your
answer
St James’s CE High School
2012
Eshan is inspired by performers in the run up to the
London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games, and
is determined to improve his performance. He
decides to set SMART targets as a first step to
achieving his long-term goal.
• Discuss the use of target setting to improve
performance.
• You must make reference to examples in your
answer
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
SMART targets are Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and
Time bound. They are required so that you know how quickly you
have achieved the target, but will also allow to set the next level. A
target needs to be specific, for example running 800m faster by 1
second. It must be measureable so you can see improvements. It
needs to be achievable. 1 second is possible, however if you wanted
to improve by 10 seconds this would not be the case, if it is not
achievable then you may give up. It needs to be realistic so the
targets are physically achievable in the time you give yourself so your
self esteem remain high. Finally a SMART target must be Time
bound. This way you can have a time to which you can see if the
target you have set yourself has been achieved, it is also a motivation
factor that you want to complete something by then.
St James’s CE High School
2012
The ability to identify and reduce risks associated
with physical activity is essential to minimise injury.
• For a physical activity of your choice, explain how
to reduce a variety of risks associated with that
activity in order to maintain physical health.
• Your named physical activity
...............................................................................
St James’s CE High School
2012
The ability to identify and reduce risks associated
with physical activity is essential to minimise injury.
• For a physical activity of your choice, explain how
to reduce a variety of risks associated with that
activity in order to maintain physical health.
• Your named physical activity
...............................................................................
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
Rugby
To minimise risks in rugby there are rules and
regulations as well as equipment. Players wear
rounded studs on the boots so that any player
on the floor is less likely to get injured if you
stand on them. A gum shield will reduce the
chances of your teeth getting knocked out and
also reducing concussion as it will absorb shock
at the jaw and head.
St James’s CE High School
2013
Discuss the relative importance of agility and
reaction time for performers competing in the
types of activity shown in Figure 7.
St James’s CE High School
2013
Discuss the relative importance of agility and
reaction time for performers competing in the
types of activity shown in Figure 7.
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
Agility is being able to change position quickly (and to control
the movement of the whole body). Reaction time is the time
between the presentation of a stimulus and the onset of
movement. Agility is required to allow quick change of
direction after completing one shot to play the next e.g. from
backhand clear to front court forehand net shot. Reaction
time is required because shuttle moves quickly very little time
and the player needs to decide where shuttle is going/how to
respond.
In conclusion good reaction time more important to a
badminton player than agility because if they can’t make quick
decisions they won’t be able to outwit their opponent and
therefore they won’t be able to win rallies.
St James’s CE High School
2013
Extreme body types (somatypes) are classified
as endomorph, mesomorph or ectomorph.
• Discuss whether an extreme mesomorph
would be the ideal body type for endurance
activities such as long distance running.
St James’s CE High School
2013
Extreme body types (somatypes) are classified
as endomorph, mesomorph or ectomorph.
• Discuss whether an extreme mesomorph
would be the ideal body type for endurance
activities such as long distance running.
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
Mesomorphs are Muscular with broad shoulders. Ectomorphs
are Slim and often tall with long limbed. Endomorphs have
wide hips, narrow shoulders and weight loss. Ectomorph is an
ideal somatotype as they are tall therefore they have a greater
stride length to cover distance quicker. Mesomorphs are not
suited to endurance events due to their muscle mass being
heavy. This means they are more suited to power / speed
events. In conclusion, An ectomorph has a lighter frame
therefore less demanding physically than for other body types
to complete the distance. Therefore although a mesomorph
could run in this type of event it is not the ‘ideal’. The extreme
body type for long distance runner would be better to be
ectomorph.
St James’s CE High School
2014
Discuss, using examples, how the principles of
training can improve the fitness of a group of
GCSE PE students.
St James’s CE High School
2014
Discuss, using examples, how the principles of
training can improve the fitness of a group of
GCSE PE students.
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
Fitness is the ability to meet the demands of the environment. To
improve it the students will have to use progressive overload and the
FITT principle (Frequency, Intensity, Time, Type). This means that
training should get harder as it continues in successive sessions. In
order to improve fitness through the FITT principles means the type of
training methods the students could use (I.e. weight, fartlek, circuit)
must be appropriate for their sport / area they want to improve
(individual needs). Rest and recovery is used to prevent injury and to
allow the systems to allow adaptation to occur. Rest is the time taken
to allow your body to recover, so students should put rest in their
training.
Progressive overload is gradually increasing the intensity of workload
causing the body to adapt, allowing the students to increase fitness.
St James’s CE High School
2014
Discuss the use of steroids to enhance
performance in athletic events.
St James’s CE High School
2014
Discuss the use of steroids to enhance
performance in athletic events.
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
A shot putter may take steroids to increase muscle mass,
allowing them to put the shot further as they can generate more
power as power is strength x speed. Recovery time is decreased
if injured, therefore able to return to training quicker so less
chance to lose adaptations. There are a few reasons why an
athlete may not take steroids. An athlete will get
banned/disqualified from competition if drugs are found in body
after random drugs testing. It can also lead to aggression,
causing athletes to lose focus, meaning their performance will
drop. In conclusion, the advantages are more beneficial for
athletes who need power more than endurance athletes.
Therefore the type of athletes that are more likely to take them
are sprinters. However there are lots of ethical and health risks
to consider and therefore shouldn’t be taken to enhance
performance.
St James’s CE High School
Example ones
• Chloe is a good all-round sports performer
and could represent her school in many
different sports. Evaluate the potential
influence of different factors on Chloe’s choice
of physical activities.
St James’s CE High School
Example ones
• Chloe is a good all-round sports performer
and could represent her school in many
different sports. Evaluate the potential
influence of different factors on Chloe’s choice
of physical activities.
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
There are many different factors that will affect Chloe's
choice of physical activities. These are Cultural, Health,
Resources, Image, Socio – Economic and People. The
people that will affect her participation are family, peers
and role models. If her family are involved in sport then
she is likely to have been introduced to a sport by them
and encouraged to participate in the sport. If her peers
participate in the school team then she may also take
part as she likes the co-operation / teamwork. She may
take part in the sport as she has a role model who also
plays the sport.
In conclusion there are many influences on her
participation………………
St James’s CE High School
• Discuss ‘power’ and its relative importance to
each type of participant (Tennis, Javelin,
Distance Runner).
St James’s CE High School
• Discuss ‘power’ and its relative importance to
each type of participant (Tennis, Javelin,
Distance Runner).
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
Power is the ability to undertake strength performances
quickly. Power = strength x speed. It is used in Tennis
when serving or playing a shot. It gives the opponent
less time to decide what to do, however it is not used
continuously in a match. A Javelin thrower will use it to
through the javelin as far as possible as a maximum
force is needed and is important part of fitness for
them. A long distance runner will need power when
sprinting for the line, or getting away from opponents.
It is not however as important as cardiovascular
endurance or speed. Therefore, all of the events will
need power at some stage. It is more important in
Javelin as power will have a more direct impact on the
outcome than tennis and long distance running.
St James’s CE High School
• Describe the training principles of rest and
recovery and explain why they are important.
St James’s CE High School
• Describe the training principles of rest and
recovery and explain why they are important.
St James’s CE High School
What the examiner is looking for…..
Rest is the period of time allocated to recovery.
Recovery is the time required for repair of damage
to the body. Both are needed to all enough rest to
allow recovery to happen. This can be done in
training, by training alternate days / working
alternate muscle groups. They allow the body to
replenish energy stores that have been used. It also
allows adaptations such as hyper trophy to occur.
Finally, by resting, a person will not over train,
therefore this will reduce the chances of them
getting injured.
St James’s CE High School

similar documents