The teaching profession in Macedonia Natasa Angjeleska Education and Youth Program’s coordinator Foundation Open Society Macedonia Development of Teacher Education in Macedonia: Secondary schools for teachers ↓ Advanced school for teachers (two-year postsecondary colleges) ↓ Pedagogical Academies ↓ Teacher Faculties/Pedagogical Faculties Who teaches what? O Bachelor professional qualification is required for all teachers who teach in the first five grades of the nine year primary school. There are three different profiles that can teach in the first five grades in primary school: class teacher, pedagogue and preschool teacher. The latest can teach only in first grade, while the other two profiles give opportunity to work in all five grades. O The introduction of the subject teachers for the realization of the Music education, Art education, and Technical education (in V grade) if the school has conditions for this and if the overall fund of classes of the elementary teacher is not smaller than 17 classes; O from VI – IX grade of primary education, the education is realized by subject teachers from middle school who have appropriate education (Bachelor education in content /subject with pedagogical qualification. O Secondary school teachers must hold University diploma for the subject they teach and appropriate pedagogical and methodological qualification. Although teacher graduates hold a University diploma, they actually hold differentiated pool of competences acquired at different Teacher Training Faculties (TTF) in Macedonia. Having in mind that just recently, in 2011, The Decree on the National Framework for Higher Education Qualifications was adopted, all TTF will go through the process of harmonizing their study programs for teacher qualifications, and every comparison made at this point on the actual qualifications of their graduates will be a forced one. Teacher Education Faculties (for class teachers) O Pedagogical Faculty-Skopje O Pedagogical Faculty-Bitola O Faculty for Educational Sciences-Stip O Faculty of Philosophy-Skopje O Faculty of Philosophy-Tetovo. Degree Structure BOLOGNA REFORM O Bachelor degree ↔ “old” undergraduate studies O Master degree ↔ magister programs O Doctor degree ↔ mentored individual work on a doctoral thesis PRIMARY EDUCATION REFORM Eight year ↔ Nine-year Trends in teaching profession O The teaching career is increasingly seen in lifelong learning terms, with initial teacher education providing the foundations. O Countries are seeking ways to provide better support for beginning teachers, and opportunities and incentives for ongoing professional development throughout the career. Most professions emphasize the need for pre-service education to provide a solid platform for ongoing learning and career development. Natasa Angjeleska, Teacher training and quality support in the induction period of a trainee teacher Trends in teaching profession O Highly effective teaching entails not only the application of research-based methods, but also leadership, content knowledge, life-experience, organization, commitment, wisdom, enthusiasm, and applied knowledge. O Teachers’ roles are changing, and they need new skills to meet the needs of more diverse student populations, and to work effectively with new types of staff in schools and other organizations. The demands on schools and teachers are becoming more complex. O To deal effectively with different languages and student backgrounds, to be sensitive to culture and gender issues, to promote tolerance and social cohesion, to respond effectively to disadvantaged students and students with learning or behavioral problems, to use new technologies, and to keep pace with rapidly developing fields of knowledge and approaches to student assessment. Natasa Angjeleska, Teacher training and quality support in the induction period of a trainee teacher Trends in teaching profession O It is very apparent that the conditions of service experienced by teachers – their salaries, workload, job security as well as the types of support available to teachers – play a crucial role in determining whether or not an educational system experiences teacher shortages or oversupply. O In a context of reduced job security, a stable level of quality teacher supply cannot be taken for granted. Policy measures are necessary to ensure that sufficient numbers of candidates are motivated not only to enter teacher training but also to take up jobs as teachers and to stay in the profession with proper support offered to them. Natasa Angjeleska, Teacher training and quality support in the induction period of a trainee teacher Response to challenges? O In Macedonia the reform of teacher training has never been a priority on the education policy agenda. O Besides the efforts for curricula reform in line with the Bologna principles undertaken with foreign aid and the TEMPUS programme, the general observation is that the quality of pre-service teacher training education is low and not adapted to the new competence requirements. O Insufficient and inadequate practice at the university produce lower quality of (future) teachers, perpetuating low quality of teaching instruction in the formal school education system. Response to challenges? O The general policy framework for teacher training and professional development is threatened by the lack of state funds causing serious impediments to consistent policy implementation by the schools, coupled by huge disparities in the implementation of education decentralization. O However, the effects on improving teaching practice and student performance have not been assessed yet, thus perceived as limited.