Building Resilience in the Agriculture and Water Sectors

Implementing NAPA Priority Interventions to build
resilience in the agriculture and water sector to the
adverse climate change in Sudan
Presented by
Adil Mohamed Ali
Deputy Project Manager
Doha, 2012, CPO 18
Sorghum Cultivated in the River Nile state
Project Rationale and Geographic Scope
 Sudan is among the most vulnerable
countries to Climate Change impacts;
 Prolonged drought cycles, overall
acidification and increasing rainfall variability
affects farmer and pastoral communities;
 CC scenarios confirm the current trends rainfall variability 20 to 60%; projected
increase in temp. up to 1.5 Co by 2060;
 Addresses NAPA priorities: focuses on
improving water availability for farming and
pastoral practices; land management and
agronomic measures, including improved crop
varieties, and provision of evidence-based,
extension service and adaptation advisories;
LDCF project covers all main agroecological zones in four states
Climate Change in Sudan
Factors of Vulnerability
 The majority of its land is quite
sensitive to changes in temperature
and precipitation;
 Fragile ecosystems;
 Weak infrastructure and economy;
 Food security is mainly determined
by rainfall;
 More than 70% of Sudan
population is directly dependent on
climate-sensitive resources for their
Land Use Categories
Adaptation Measures
Water Harvesting
• In situ water harvesting through
terraces, earth bunds and deep
ploughing in Gedarif and South
Darfur led to substantial increase
in crop productivity;
• Yields increased by 50% -150%;
Benefited 730 households in
Gedarif and 420 households in
South Darfur states.
Impressive yields of Sorghum after water
harvesting and ploughing methods
Adaptation Measures
Bringing water to farmers;
improving Irrigation solutions
A Farmer in River Nile state benefiting
from pumped water irrigation
• In River Nile & North Kordofan
states; water efficient irrigation of
crops and shelterbelts was
provided using conventional &
solar pumps (supporting switching
to solar-powered water pumps).
• 317 ha planted with different crops
(20 to 60% increase in productivity)
Solar-powered water pumps
Adaptation Measures
Improved Farming Practices
• Early maturing and drought
resistant varieties.
• New cash crops (increase in the
household incomes in the four
states; net profits range between
US$ 1207 for cucumber planters in
South Darfur to US$ 5510 for
tomato growers in the River Nile.
A Farmer in South Darfur Harvesting an
Unprecedented Cucumber Crop
Adaptation Measures
Sand Dunes Fixation
•Micro fencing in 4 villages in
North Kordofan for sand
dunes fixation.
• Seedlings are planted
inside the fences and tended
(supplementary irrigation
during summer – 56 farmers
benefit from this);
The Micro fencing in Ehaimrat Village in Northern
Role of Women
•Essential roles in
adaptation measures;
• Farming, nurseries and
tree planting;
• Active participation in
committees and sand dunes
• More than 800 women
benefitted from the Project
through: Crop cultivation,
Butane gas provision, animal
husbandry, restocking and
breed improvement;
Women play a pivotal role in increasing the
resilience of the communities to climate
change and bringing about the change

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