Special features of the Finnish educational system No dead-ends, one can apply for the polytechnic or university after completing upper secondary ( either the national matriculation examination or the the vocational qualification) After the compulsory comprehensive school an additional basic education (an extra tenth grade year) or preparatory training year for the vocational education high percentage takes part in the secondary level education Modules to get to know the working life Guidance and counselling system in Finland Guidance is a part of public services Two main systems of guidance that complement each other: - pupil / student counselling by the educational system - counselling by the labour administration in employment offices - workshops, different projects e.g. EU-projects Guidance at educational institutions - qualifications and degrees allow students a great deal of freedom and choice. - credits from previous study can be transferred - educational guidance aims to support, help angd guide pupils so that each pupil performs as well as possible in studies and is able to make appropriate decisions concerning the education and career choices 1) Pre-primary education one year, at the age of 6 participation voluntary, 97 % take part mostly in day-care centres, the aim is to observe the child´s development and learning and to foster social skills and ability to learn 2) Basic education ( comprehensive schools) 7-16 year-olds nine grades: 1-6 lower grade, 7-9 higher grade compulsory education finishes at the completion the comprehensive school syllabus basic education seeks to educate and to nurture the aim is to help the pupils grow as human beings and members of society and give them necessary knowledge and skills all teachers contribute to the provision of guidance In the lower grades 1-6 (primary level) educational guidance is integrated into normal class teacher´s instruction In grades 1-6 talk about different professions and visits to work places guidance councellors in lower secondary level (grades 7-9) - there should be one counsellor for 250 7-9 graders) What does a guidance counsellor do in comprehensive school? -teaches lessons, guidance is a subject among others, the national curriculum affords 76 hours of guidance and counselling during grades 7 to 9), about one third on counsellors work is teaching his/her guidance lessons. However he/she doesn´t need to test or evaluate the subject as other subject teachers have to do Counsellor`s jobs, continue - gives private personal guidance to the pupils in the office, talks about the optional subjects, further education opportunities and career choices, career planning, problems at learning, mobbing etc - works closely together with subject teachers, class head teachers, special needs teachers, school nurse... - works with the parents of his/her pupils (gives information, often the parents come to the counsellorstudent discussions Counsellor´s jobs, continue - goes to talk with the six-graders about the change when they turn to 7th graders and divides the pupils into classes for the school years 7-9 - arranges visits/ excursions to educational institutions, companies, firms, employment office… - arranges work experience models for 7th -9th graders. Pupils are in workplaces (companies, firms etc) about 2 days in 7th grade, a week in 8th grade and two weeks in 9th grade). The aim is to get knowledge about working life. Counsellor´s jobs, continue follows the student´s progress and graduation arranges the joint nationwide application of the 9th graders (online system) is a member of the pupil welfare team, it meets once in a week or two weeks arranges for his/her part the parents´ evenings And does all the other jobs that the headmaster gives you… Comprehensive school (9 years) In charge of guidance and conselling: Class teachers Subject teachers Guidance counsellors Methods: In classes Study excursions Workplace visits and periods Individual guidance Web-based guidance Guidance councellors in upper secondary education (secondary-level) Two main lines after the compulsory comprehensive: - general upper secondary school (3 years), finishes in the matriculation examination - upper secondary vocational education and training (trade school, 3 years), ends in getting a trade certificate ( a cook, a gardener, a car mechanic etc) ( also the double qualification/ combining is possible) There is possibility to an additional year for those who don`t get in to neither of these two ( the 10th grade or preparatory training year) Counselling in the secondary level A lot of same works as in compulsory level Counsellors help with choosing of the courses, study plans and the exams discuss about study skills, the future plans, give information (to dio this they have to keep upto-date about the curriculums in higher education ( polytechnics and universities) train the tutoring students General upper secondary school/ Vocational college In charge of the guidance: Teachers Group advisers Guidance counsellors In vocational college also the workplace instructors Methods: Workplace visits and study excursions (upper sec.) Individual guidance On-the-job learning (vocat. institution) Web-based guidance Counselling in higher education After general upper secondary school or vocational qualification the student can apply to a polytechnic (universities of applied sciences, 3.5 ys university, 5-7 years through a national joint application system ( on line), there are entrance exams Both have student councelling services to applicants and existing students. Also all polytechnics and universities have their own careers and recruitment services Higher education (polytechnics, universities) In charge of guidance and counselling: Specialist counsellors Teachers Methods: individual guidance integrated into teaching careers and recruitment services study affairs guidance web-based and distance guidance Adult education institutions In charge of guidance and counselling: teachers guidance counsellors Methods individual guidance integrated into teaching web-based and distance guidance Guidance and counselling services in Employment Offices 1) Educational and vocational information services by education advisers Methods: Individual guidance Information and guidance in groups Self-study facilities Guidance and counselling services in Employment Offices 2) Vocational guidance and career planning by vocational guidance psychologists Methods: Individual guidance Psychological assessments Work and education try-outs Guidance and counselling services in Employment Offices 3) Vocational rehabilitation by special employment advisors, rehabilitation advisors (for disabled jobseekers) and vocational guidance psychologists (for all individual clients) Methods: individual guidance on employment and rehabilitation individual vocational guidance and career plannind health checks and aptitude tests specialist consultations and work/education try-outs Guidance and counselling services in Employment Offices 4) Employment service by employment advisers and counsellors Methods: individual employment service jobseeking information self-study facilities All citizens use the services, not only the unemployded Special efforts for the young unemployded, e.g. a SANSSI-card (the employer can get 550€ a month Training on guidance and counselling practitioners in Finland As a rule a counsellor needs a teacher´s qualification Master´s degree in the University of Eastern Finland or Jyväskylä (300 credits) Also guidance counsellors to the vocational sector can take their qualification (60 credits) at the HAMK or Jyväskylä Universities of Applied Sciences In Swedish (the other official language 5,4%) Åbo Akademi University in Vaasa Ways to get the qualification: A degree programme for guidance counsellors If you are a teacher (higher education degree) you can gain the qualification by multiform training Education for advisers and vocational psychologists in employment offices Vocational guidance psychologist reguires a master´s degree ( the highest grade in psychology) Many of the education advisers or employmenty advisers/ consellors have a higher degree from a polytechnic or university In-service training and advanced study programs provided by the employer What lies ahead Life-long education Individual needs Various information and communication networks CHALLENGES: Economy Ageing population The demand for skills and competencies Constant change and fragmented working life Multiprofessional co-operation Jorma Etto: SUOMALAINEN - FIN A FINN Suomalainen on sellainen, joka vastaa kun ei kysytä, kysyy kun ei vastata, ei vastaa kun kysytään, sellainen, joka eksyy tieltä, huutaa rannalla ja vastarannalla huutaa toinen samanlainen: metsä raikuu, kaikuu, hongat humajavat. Tuolta tulee suomalainen ja ähkyy, on tässä ja ähkyy, tuonne menee ja ähkyy, on kuin löylyssä ja ähkyy kun toinen heittää kiukaalle vettä. Sellaisella suomalaisella on aina kaveri, koskaan se ei ole yksin, ja se kaveri on suomalainen. Eikä suomalaista erota suomalaisesta mikään, ei mikään paitsi kuolema ja poliisi. Jorma Etto: SUOMALAINEN - FIN A FINN A Finn is the one who answers when not asked, asks when not answered, does not answer when asked, the one who loses the way, yells on the shore, and on the opposite shore yells another of the same kind: the forest clangs, echoes, the pines hum. There comes a Finn and groans, is here and groans, goes there and groans, is as in the sauna and groans when the other one throws water on the stove. That kind of a Finn always has a partner, he is never alone, and that partner is a Finn. And nothing separates a Finn from a Finn, nothing except the death and the police.