Gender Roles in Education

Report
Gender Roles in
Education
Presented by: Nazifa, Sydney & Robin
http://www.genderandeducation.c
om/wpcontent/uploads/2010/04/boysunderachieving.jpg
Half of the
enrolled
students in high
school business
and commercial First
courses were
superintendent
women
to be a woman
in a large city
school system
The first
women to
graduate from
engineering in
the USA
Schools addressed
the boy drop-out
rate by
encouraging
sports in schools
Many
successful
woman
teachers
11 spate sex
public
vocational
schools
remained
More sextyped electives
were
introduced,
they became
less
controversial
First woman
admitted into
the Harvard
Medical School
Said that
coeducation
encouraged
boy’s rebellious
nature and
made them
hate school
Woman’s
Educational
Equality Act
was passed
Title IX
was
passed
Boys are
forced into
vocational
programs,
girls forced
into home
programs
Women earn
more doctorate
degrees than
men for the
first time
First time
women passed
men in
bachelor
degrees earned
10.2% of the
women gain
advanced
degrees and
10.9% of men
Theories & Schools of Thought
O Functionalism: studies problems within
society & how institutions meet those needs
O Gender Theory: studying gender inequality to
understand society
O Learning Theory: most human behaviour is
learned
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/assets/headerslideitem/73
5x410/1327704336art-forkids.jpg
http://mariah131.edublog
s.org/files/2012/12/payg
ap-1db59x7.jpg
“Real Life” Context
O Effects on schools and
other educational
institutions:
O Gender roles in education
are established in
kindergarten classrooms
O Schools have tried to
create gender-neutral
classroom/school
environments –to be
more inclusive, learningfriendly and gendersensitive
http://www.gtcovington.com/wpcontent/uploads/2011/04/grayso
ns-kindergarten-class.jpg
http://chiakicross.deviant
art.com/art/GenderNeutrality-352887881
“Real Life” Context
Major Acts/Policies in Society
O Title IX - a portion of
the Education
Amendments of 1972
O Women’s Educational
Equality Act - 1974
http://blogs.loc.gov/law/201
2/11/happy-belatedbirthday-title-ix/
http://www.nysut.org/news/2
013/june/on-50thanniversary-of-equal-pay-actcoalition-calls-on-senate-tobring-womens-equality-act
Gender Stereotypes
O Boys are smarter at math and sciences than girls
O Girls are smarter at linguistics and humanities
than boys
http://sorokaeduc311.blogspot.ca/
Gender Stereotypes
O Only Girls can do home-economic type
classes
O Only Boys
answer
teacher’s
questions
http://eycb.coe.int/compasito/chapter_5/7.html
Gender Bias
O Teacher attention is unequal between genders
O Curriculum favours the male experience
O Gender socialization assures that the girls’
O
O
O
O
inequality to boys is evident and recognized
Teachers socialize girls towards the feminine
ideal
Use of ‘masculine’ & ‘feminine’ subjects
Boys are referred for testing for gifted programs
twice as much as girls
Differentiated attitudes & expectations of
teachers towards girls & boys
Gender Bias
http://www.artiza
ns.com/images/p
reviews/ART137.
pvw.jpg
Gender Discrimination
O Girls are generally seen as better at ‘soft’ subjects
such as languages, history, art and music, and boys
better at sports, mathematics and computing
O Pupils felt that male teachers are ‘more intelligent’
than female teachers, but female teachers were
‘more caring’ than male teachers.
O A gender gap in education is actually a function of a
teacher's perception of a child's attitude toward
school based on the child's attentiveness, task
persistence, eagerness to learn, learning
independence, flexibility and organization.
O Hard wiring of gender – girls and boys are different
Gender Discrimination
O "Sitting in the same classroom, reading the
same textbook, listening to the same
teacher, boys and girls receive very different
educations." (Sadker, 1994)
O Not only must there be no gender
discrimination in education but we must
pressurise for education systems that foster
overall gender equity in broader society.
O - Camilla Croso, GCE President
Other Things of Note
O Gender Equality
O Statistics
O Gender Roles-Interviews with Kids
O Gender role perceptions
O Girls Education
O Gender discrimination
Did you know?
O Some teachers are unaware of the bias present
O
O
O
O
in their teaching and how they subconsciously
favour boys over girls
Discrepancies between elementary school
performances of boys & girls lead critics to
argue that boys are being neglected in the
educational system
An average grade 11 boy writes at the level of a
grade 8 girl
Girls usually develop oral, writing and reading
abilities quicker than boys
Girls have a tendency to sit more in the front or
centre of the classroom, closer to the teacher,
while boys are mostly occupying margins and
periphery of the room
References
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Guledani, K. (n.d.). Gender Influence on Educational Process - Democracy - Gunda Werner Institute. Gunda-Werner-Institut. Retrieved October 17, 2013, from
http://www.gwi-boell.de/web/democracy-gender-influence-educational-process-equality-school-university-3079.html
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