ENA.LU 2

Report
ENA.LU 2
Finland & Sweden – EEC
EEC Commission & Council
(regarding Finland & Sweden)
www.ena.lu
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The European Navigator (ENA) digital library, designed and
developed by the Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur
l'Europe (CVCE), now contains over 16 000 documents on
the European integration process. The key post-war
historical events and the European organizations are
presented chronologically and thematically, and are
illustrated by a wide range of archive documents, as well
as interviews conducted by the CVCE with people who
have been actively involved in European integration.
The CVCE is a Luxembourg-based public undertaking
supported by the Ministry of Higher Education and
Research.
These links are provided to you as reference material for
essays, and as additional readings in order to give you a
contact with some primary sources. We invite you to visit
the Ena.lu website for more information.
Finland & Sweden – EEC 1
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Sweden's application for accession to the EEC (Stockholm, 26 July 1967), Application
for membership by Sweden to the EEC, in Bulletin of the European Economic Community.
September/October 1967, No 9-10, p. 11.
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Memorandum annexed to the application for accession submitted by Sweden (28 July
1967), Aide-memoire annexed to the application for membership by Sweden (26 July 1967), in
Bulletin of the European Economic Community. September/October 1967, No 9-10, pp. 11-12.
Statement by Kjell-Olof Feldt on the relationship between Sweden and the European
Communities (Brussels, 10 November 1970), Archives historiques de l'Union européenne,
Florence, Villa Il Poggiolo. Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria Malfatti, FMM. Visites. Visite du Président
Malfatti en Suède (10-13 novembre 1971), 18/03/1971 - 18/11/1971, FMM 29.
‘Sweden or the contradictions of neutrality' from L'Europe en formation (January
1971), Gouzy, Jean-Pierre, "La Suède ou les contradictions de la neutralité", dans L'Europe en
formation. Janvier 1971, No 130, pp.21-26.
Memorandum from the Swedish Government relating to a possible cooperation
agreement with the EC (18 March 1971), Archives historiques de l'Union européenne,
Florence, Villa Il Poggiolo. Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria Malfatti, FMM. Visites. Visite du Président
Malfatti en Suède (10-13 novembre 1971), 18/03/1971 - 18/11/1971, FMM 29.
Press release from the Swedish Ministry of Trade (18 June 1971), Archives historiques
de l'Union européenne, Florence, Villa Il Poggiolo. Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria Malfatti, FMM.
Visites. Visite du Président Malfatti en Suède (10-13 novembre 1971), 18/03/1971 - 18/11/1971,
FMM 29.
Memorandum from the Swedish Government on the economic cooperation with the
EC (Brussels, 6 September 1971), Archives historiques de l'Union européenne, Florence, Villa
Il Poggiolo. Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria Malfatti, FMM. Visites. Visite du Président Malfatti en
Suède (10-13 novembre 1971), 18/03/1971 - 18/11/1971, FMM 29.
Finland & Sweden – EEC 2
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Report of the interviews between Franco Maria Malfatti and the Swedish Government
(Brussels, 8 November 1971), Archives historiques de l'Union européenne, Florence, Villa Il
Poggiolo. Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria Malfatti, FMM. Visites. Visite du Président Malfatti en Suède
(10-13 novembre 1971), 18/03/1971 - 18/11/1971, FMM 29.
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Comments by Kjell-Olof Feldt on European integration (Stockholm, November 1971),
Archives historiques de l'Union européenne, Florence, Villa Il Poggiolo. Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria
Malfatti, FMM. Visites. Visite du Président Malfatti en Suède (10-13 novembre 1971), 18/03/1971
- 18/11/1971, FMM 29.
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Comments by Krister Wickman on Sweden's policy of neutrality (Stockholm,
November 1971), Archives historiques de l'Union européenne, Florence, Villa Il Poggiolo.
Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria Malfatti, FMM. Visites. Visite du Président Malfatti en Suède (10-13
novembre 1971), 18/03/1971 - 18/11/1971, FMM 29.
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‘The negotiations should lead to strong and lasting cooperation' from Le Monde
Diplomatique (November 1971), FELDT, Kjell-Olof, Les pourparlers devraient aboutir à une
coopération ferme et durable, in Le Monde diplomatique. Novembre 1971, No 212 Supplément
Suède, p. 19; 24.
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Address given by Krister Wickman at the signing of the agreement between Sweden
and the EEC (Brussels, 22 July 1972), Documents on Swedish Foreign Policy 1972. Book I:
C: 22. Stockholm: The Royal Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 1973, pp. 267-268.
Kalevi Sorsa, Finland — a European country (1988), SORSA, Kalevi, Finnland - ein
europäisches Land, in Europäische Rundschau. 1988, No 1/1988, pp. 19-25.
Address given by Anita Gradin on Sweden's European policy (11 December 1990),
Documents on Swedish Foreign Policy 1990. Book I: C: 40. Stockholm: Royal Ministry for Foreign
Affairs, 1991, pp. 293-299.
Finland & Sweden – EEC 3
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`From the Community to the Confederation' from Le Monde (7 June 1991), DUVERGER,
Maurice, De la Communauté à la Confédération, in Le Monde. 07.06.1991, No 14 419; 44e année
Interview given by Roland Dumas to Swedish television (14 June 1991), Entretien
accordé par le ministre d'État, ministre des Affaires étrangères M. Roland Dumas à la télévision
suédoise (14 juin 1991), in La politique étrangère de la France. Mai-Juin 1991, pp. 96-98.
‘Sweden announces its application for accession to the EEC' from Le Monde (17 June
1991), NIÉTO, Françoise, La Suède annonce sa candidature à la CEE, in Le Monde. 16.06.1991
Sweden's application for accession to the EEC (1 July 1991), Archives centrales du
Conseil de l'Union européenne, Bruxelles, Chaussée d'Etterbeek 80.
Address given by Carl Bildt on Sweden's European policy (Bonn, 13 November 1991),
Documents on Swedish Foreign Policy 1991. Book I: C. 41. Stockholm: Swedish Ministry for
Foreign Affairs, 1992, pp. 94-101.
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'No more taboos in Helsinki' from Le Monde (11 February 1992), NIÉTO, Françoise, La
fin des tabous à Helsinki, in Le Monde. 11.02.1992, No 14.631; 49e année, p. 9. Translated by
the CVCE.
Interview with Margaretha af Ugglas published in La Libre Belgique, OPSOMER, Marc,
Les Suédois seront des membres « loyaux » et « ambitieux » de la Communauté, in La Libre
Belgique. 09.03.1992, No 69; 111e année, p. 1; 4.
Finland's application for accession to the EEC (18 March 1992), Archives centrales du
Conseil de l'Union européenne, Bruxelles, Chaussée d'Etterbeek 80.
'A bold dash to Brussels' from the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (20 March 1992),
Thielbeer, Siegfried, "Husarenschritt nach Brüssel: Finnlands mühsames Bekenntnis zur
Europäischen Gemeinschaft", dans Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 20.03.1992, No 68, pp. 14.
Translated by the CVCE.
Finland & Sweden – EEC 4
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‘Sweden's accession to the European Community is necessary for industry' from the
Revue du Marché Commun et de l'Union Européenne (June 1992), LEMMEL, Magnus,
L'adhésion suédoise à la Communauté européenne est nécessaire pour l'industrie, in Revue du
Marché commun et de l'Union européenne. Juin 1992, No 359, pp. 503-506
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‘Sweden and the European Communities' from the Revue du Marché Commun et de
l'Union Européenne (June 1992), DINKELSPIEL, Ulf, La Suède et la CE, in Revue du Marché
commun et de l'Union européenne. Juin 1992, No 359, pp. 459-460.
‘Finland's application for accession to the European Community' from the Revue du
Marché Commun et de l'Union Européenne (June 1992), SALOLAINEN, Pertti, La demande
d'adhésion de la Finlande à la Communauté, in Revue du Marché commun et de l'Union
européenne. Juin 1992, No 359, pp. 482-483.
‘The Finnish gamble' from Le Figaro (30 July 1992), DEMEULENAERE, Luc, Le pari
finlandais, in Le Figaro. 30.07.1992
"Carl Bildt: Security policy a self-evident part of EC cooperation" from Svenska
Dagbladet (9 August 1992), Documents on Swedish Foreign Policy 1992. Book I: C: 42.
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Stockholm: Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 1993, pp. 222-225.
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Commission opinion on Finland's application for membership (4 November 1992), The
challenge of enlargement - Commission opinion on Finland's application for membership (1992),
in Bulletin of the European Communities. 1992, No Supplement 6/1992, pp. 7-26.
‘What enlargement?' from L'Europe en formation (Winter 1992), Quel élargissement?, in
L'Europe en formation. Hiver 1992-1993, No 287, pp. 3-6.
Statement by Ulf Dinkelspiel at the opening of Sweden's negotiations on accession to
the EU (1 February 1993), Ministry for Foreign Affairs (Ed.). Documents on Swedish Foreign
Policy 1993. Book I: C 43. Stockholm: Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 1994, pp. 28-35.
Finland & Sweden – EEC 5
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Statement by Ulf Dinkelspiel on Sweden's negotiations on accession to the EU (1 April
1993), Ministry for Foreign Affairs (Ed.). Documents on Swedish Foreign Policy 1993. Tome I: C
43. Stockholm: Ministry for Foreign Affairs, 1994, pp. 58-60.
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‘The enlargement of the Community to include the EFTA countries' from the Politique
étrangère (Spring 1993), L'élargissement de la Communauté aux pays de l'AELE, in Politique
étrangère. Printemps 1993, No 1, pp. 63-77.
'The new "Luxembourg compromise" from Crocodile (March 1994), The new
'Luxembourg compromise', in Crocodile. March-April 1994, pp. 6-7.
‘As far as Europe goes' from the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (3
March 1994), HORT, Peter, So weit Europa reicht, in Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.
03.03.1994, No 52, p. 13. Translated by the CVCE.
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‘Sweden, Finland and Austria reach agreement with the Twelve on the terms for their
accession to the European Union' from Le Monde (3 March 1994), DE LA GUÉRIVIÈRE,
Jean, La Suède, la Finlande et l'Autriche s'entendent avec les Douze sur les conditions de leur
entrée dans l'Union européenne, in Le Monde. 03.03.1994, No 15.270; 50e année, p. 3.
Translated by the CVCE.
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Report on the outcome of the negotiations with Austria, Sweden, Finland and Norway
on accession to the European Union (Brussels, 9 March 1994), Rapport sur les résultats
des négociations d'adhésion de l'Autriche, de la Suède, de la Finlande, et de la Norvège à l'Union
européenne établi sous la responsabilité de la présidence du Conseil en coopération avec les
services de la Commission. Bruxelles: Secrétariat général du Conseil, 1994, p. 54 + 7.
European Parliament resolution on enlargement and neutrality (24 March 1994),
European Parliament, Resolution on enlargement and neutrality (24 March 1994), in Official
Journal of the European Communities (OJEC). 25.04.1994, No C 114, pp. 61-65.
Finland & Sweden – EEC 6
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'Accession negotiations officially concluded' from the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
(31 March 1994), Beitrittsverhandlungen offiziell abgeschlossen, in Frankfurter Allgemeine
Zeitung. 31.03.1994, No 76, p. 5. Translated by the CVCE.
‘Integrate but maintain national autonomy' from Le Monde diplomatique (April
1994), HVEEM, Helge, S'intégrer, en préservant l'autonomie nationale, in Le Monde diplomatique.
Avril 1994, No 481, pp. 8-9.
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Address given by Martti Ahtisaari on relations between Finland and Sweden in a
changing Europe (Stockholm, 14 April 1994), peech by President Martti Ahtisaari at the
Swedish Institute of International Affairs in Stockholm, April 14, 1994. [ON-LINE]. [Helsinki]: The
President of the Republic of Finland 1994-2000, mise à jour 18.02.2000[28.07.2003]. Available on
http://www.valtioneuvosto.fi/tpk/eng/speeches/speech_texts-1994.html
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Martti Ahtisaari, The Nordic countries in the changing international community, State
viste by the President of the Republic to Norway, October 18-20, 1994; Speech at the University
of Oslo 19.10.1994. [ON-LINE]. [Helsinki]: The President of the Republic of Finland 1994-2000,
mise à jour 18.02.2000[28.07.2003]. Available on
http://www.valtioneuvosto.fi/tpk/eng/speeches/speech_texts-1994.html.
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The Europe of Sixteen: an ambiguous success' from the Revue du Marché Commun et
de l'Union Européenne (May 1994), GOYBET, Catherine, L'Europe à seize: un succès ambigu,
in Revue du Marché commun et de l'Union européenne. Mai 1994, No 378, pp. 289-292.
'New wind' from Der Spiegel (31 October 1994), Frischer Wind, in Der Spiegel. 31.10.1994,
No 44; 48 Jg., pp. 173-175.
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‘Scandinavia shifts Europe's centre of gravity' from Die Welt, KREMP, Herbert,
Skandinavien verschiebt Europas Schwerpunkt, in Die Welt. 22.11.1994
Finland & Sweden – EEC 7
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‘Sweden's historic "Yes"' from Le Figaro (14 November 1994), VALIDIRE, Jean-Louis, Le
oui historique de la Suède, in Le Figaro. 14.11.1994, No 15 625, p. 4. Translated by the CVCE.
'Following the "Yes" vote, Swedish anti-Europeans get ready to fight back' from
Libération (15 November 1994), MILLOT, Lorraine, Après le "oui", les opposants suédois de
l'Europe préparent la résistance, in Libération. 15.11.1994, No 4196, p. 15. Translated by the
CVCE.
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‘Sweden says "yes"' from Le Monde (15 November 1994), Le «oui» suédois, in Le Monde.
15.11.1994, No 15.490; 50e année, p. 1.
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'Swedes give a half-hearted "Yes" to Europe' from La Croix (15 November 1994),
BERNARD, Catherine, Le oui résigné des Suédois à l'Europe, in La Croix. 15.11.1994. Translated
by the CVCE.
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'Blue bubbles hangover on the Danube' from The Guardian (3 January 1995),
TRAYNOR, Ian, Blue bubbles hangover on the Danube, in The Guardian. 03.01.1995, p. 16.
‘A larger Europe, but a stronger one too?' from the Luxemburger Wort (4 January
1995), GeWe, Ein größeres, aber auch stärkeres Europa ?, in Luxemburger Wort. 04.01.1995, No
2; 148. Jg, p. 3.
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‘When Europe began to adopt a short-term approach' from Le Monde Diplomatique
(January 1995), CASSEN, Bernard, Quand l'Europe entre dans l'ère du pilotage à vue, in Le
Monde diplomatique. Janvier 1995, No 491, pp. 10-11.
'The EU's new members, Sweden and Finland, more serious than enthusiastic?' from
Le Monde (6 January 1995), DEBOVE, Alain, Suédois et Finlandais, des nouveaux membres de
l'UE plus sérieux qu'enthousiastes, in Le Monde. 06.01.1995, No 15 535; 51e année, p.
4.Translated by the CVCE
Finland & Sweden – EEC 8
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Address given by Martti Ahtisaari on Finland's role in the European Union (Paris, 21
February 1995), Speech by Mr Martti Ahtisaari, President of the Republic of Finland in Paris on
February 21, 1995. [ON-LINE]. [Helsinki]: The President of the Republic of Finland 1994-2000,
mise à jour 18.02.2000[28.07.2003]. Available on
http://www.valtioneuvosto.fi/tpk/eng/speeches/speech_texts-1994.html.
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'Europe's Scandinavian new dawn fades' from The Guardian (27 March 1995), MC
IVOR, Greg, Europe's Scandinavian new dawn fades, in The Guardian. 27.03.1995, p. 12.
Entretien avec Martti Ahtisaari dans Politique internationale (Été 1995), AHTISAARI,
Martti, Finlande : du sang neuf pour l'Union européenne, dans Politique internationale. Été 1995,
n° 68, p. 143-153.
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Jacques Delors, Memoirs, DELORS, Jacques. Mémoires. Paris: Plon, 2004, pp. 413-415.
Finland & Sweden – EEC, Links 1
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http://www.ena.lu/sweden_application_accession_eec_stockholm_26_july_1967-2-19998
http://www.ena.lu/memorandum_annexed_application_accession_submitted_sweden_28_july_1967-2-19999
http://www.ena.lu/statement_kjellolof_feldt_relationship_between_sweden_european_communities_brussels_november_1970-2-20000
http://www.ena.lu/sweden_contradictions_neutrality_leurope_formation_january_1971-2-29267
http://www.ena.lu/memorandum_swedish_government_relating_possible_cooperation_agreement_march_19712-20001
http://www.ena.lu/press_release_swedish_ministry_trade_18_june_1971-2-20002
http://www.ena.lu/memorandum_swedish_government_economic_cooperation_ec_brussels_september_1971-220004
http://www.ena.lu/report_interviews_between_franco_maria_malfatti_swedish_government_brussels_november_
1971-2-20005
http://www.ena.lu/comments_kjell-olof_feldt_european_integration_stockholm_november_1971-2-20007
http://www.ena.lu/comments_krister_wickman_swedens_policy_neutrality_stockholm_november_1971-2-20008
http://www.ena.lu/negotiations_lead_strong_lasting_cooperation_monde_diplomatique_november_1971-2-20009
http://www.ena.lu/address_given_krister_wickman_signing_agreement_sweden_eec_brussels_22_july_1972-229255
http://www.ena.lu/kalevi_sorsa_finland_european_country_1988-2-20725
http://www.ena.lu/address_given_anita_gradin_swedens_european_policy_11_december_1990-2-29266
http://www.ena.lu/community_confederation_monde_june_1991-2-16624
http://www.ena.lu/interview_given_roland_dumas_swedish_television_14_june_1991-2-8693
http://www.ena.lu/sweden_announces_application_accession_eec_monde_17_june_1991-2-19342
http://www.ena.lu/sweden_application_accession_eec_july_1991-2-19890
http://www.ena.lu/address_given_carl_bildt_swedens_european_policy_bonn_13_november_1991-2-29260
http://www.ena.lu/taboos_helsinki_le_monde_11_february_1992-2-8742
Finland & Sweden – EEC, Links 2
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http://www.ena.lu/interview_margaretha_af_ugglas_published_libre_belgique-2-15719
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http://www.ena.lu/finland_application_accession_eec_18_march_1992-2-19892
http://www.ena.lu/bold_dash_brussels_frankfurter_allgemeine_zeitung_20_march_1992-2-8230
http://www.ena.lu/swedens_accession_european_community_necessary_industry_from_revue_marche_lunion_eu
ropeenne_june_1992-2-20055
http://www.ena.lu/sweden_european_communities_revue_marche_commun_lunioneuropeenne_june_1992-217110
http://www.ena.lu/finlands_application_accession_european_community_from_revue_marche_lunion_europeenne
_june_1992-2-17115
http://www.ena.lu/finnish_gamble_figaro_30_july_1992-2-20041
http://www.ena.lu/carl_bildt_security_ policy_ s elf evident_part_cooperation_from_svenska_dagbladet_august_1992-2-29259
http://www.ena.lu/commission_opinion_finland_application_membership_november_1992-2-8302
http://www.ena.lu/enlargement_europe_formation_winter_1992-2-20067
http://www.ena.lu/statement_ulf_dinkelspiel_opening_sweden_negotiations_accession_eu_february_1993-212567
http://www.ena.lu/enlargement_community_include_efta_countries_politique_etrangere_spring_1993-2-20418
http://www.ena.lu/new_luxembourg_compromise_crocodile_march_1994-2-20048
http://www.ena.lu/far_europe_goes_frankfurter_allgemeine_zeitung_march_1994-2-20089
http://www.ena.lu/sweden_finland_austria_reach_agreement_with_twelve_terms_accession_european_union_fro
m_monde_march_1994-2-20047
http://www.ena.lu/report_outcome_negotiations_with_austria_sweden_finland_norway_accession_european_unio
n_brussels_march_1994-2-20057
http://www.ena.lu/european_parliament_resolution_enlargement_neutrality_24_march_1994-2-20058
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Finland & Sweden – EEC, Links 3
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http://www.ena.lu/accession_negotiations_officially_concluded_from_frankfurter_allgemeine_zeitung_march_199
4-2-20049
http://www.ena.lu/integrate_maintain_national_autonomy_monde_diplomatique_april_1994-2-20084
http://www.ena.lu/address_given_martti_ahtisaari_relations_between_finland_sweden_changing_europe_stockho
lm_april_1994-2-11895
http://www.ena.lu/martti_ahtisaari_nordic_countries_changing_international_community-2-11891
http://www.ena.lu/europe_sixteen_ambiguous_success_revue_marche_commun_lunion_europeenne_1994-220053
http://www.ena.lu/new_wind_spiegel_31_october_1994-2-8048
http://www.ena.lu/scandinavia_shifts_europes_centre_gravity_welt-2-15890
http://www.ena.lu/sweden_historic_yes_le_figaro_14_november_1994-2-20080
http://www.ena.lu/following_yes_vote_swedish_anti-europeans_ready_fight_liberation_november_1994-2-20081
http://www.ena.lu/sweden_says_yes_monde_15_november_1994-2-20082
http://www.ena.lu/swedes_half-hearted_yes_europe_la_croix_15_november_1994-2-20083
http://www.ena.lu/blue_bubbles_hangover_danube_guardian_january_1995-2-10113
http://www.ena.lu/larger_europe_stronger_luxemburger_wort_january_1995-2-15144
http://www.ena.lu/europe_began_adopt_short-term_approach_monde_diplomatique_januar _1995-2-15348
http://www.ena.lu/eu_new_members_sweden_finland_enthusiastic_le_monde_january_1995-2-12064
http://www.ena.lu/address_given_martti_ahtisaari_finland_role_european_union_paris_february_1995-2-11893
http://www.ena.lu/europe_scandinavian_new_dawn_fades_guardian_27_march_1995-2-17119
http://www.ena.lu/entretien_martti_ahtisaari_politique_internationale_ete_1995-1-18588
http://www.ena.lu/jacques_delors_memoirs-2-19935
EEC Commission & Council (regarding
Nordic countries) 1
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Reply from the Council of the European Communities (19 December 1967)
Conclusions of the Commission's Opinion on the applications for accession received
from the United Kingdom, Ireland, Denmark and Norway (29 September 1967),
Conclusions of the opinion forwarded by the Commission to the Council (November 1967), in
Bulletin of the European Economic Community. November 1967, No 11, pp. 5-6.
Commission Opinion on the applications for membership received from the United
Kingdom, Ireland, Denmark and Norway (2 April 1968), Opinion submitted by the
Commission to the Council on certain problems resulting from the applications for membership
received from the United Kingdom, Ireland, Denmark and Norway, in Bulletin of the European
Communities. 1968, No Supplement N°4, pp. 3-4.
Internal memorandum from the EC Commission regarding the US stance on
enlargement (4 July 1969), Archives historiques des Communautés européennes, Florence,
Villa Il Poggiolo. Dépôts, DEP. Edoardo Martino, EM. EM 175.
Statement by Maurice Schumann (22 July 1969), Archives historiques des Communautés
européennes, Florence, Villa Il Poggiolo.Dépôts, DEP. Edoardo Martino, EM. EM 175.
Internal note from the Commission relating to the negotiations on enlargement
(Brussels, 29 September 1971), Archives historiques de l'Union européenne, Florence, Villa Il
Poggiolo. Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria Malfatti, FMM. Visites. Visite du Président Malfatti en Suède
(10-13 novembre 1971), 18/03/1971 - 18/11/1971, FMM 29.
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Memorandum from the Commission on the accession of Sweden (Brussels, 3
November 1971), Archives historiques de l'Union européenne, Florence, Villa Il Poggiolo.
Dépôts, DEP. Franco Maria Malfatti, FMM. Visites. Visite du Président Malfatti en Suède (10-13
novembre 1971), 18/03/1971 - 18/11/1971, FMM 29.
EEC Commission & Council (regarding
Nordic countries) 2
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Negotiating positions of the Community and the applicant countries (1972), The
Enlarged Community. Outcome of the negotiations with the apllicant States, in Bulletin of the
European Economic Community. 1972, No Supplement 1/1972, pp. 19-21.
Commission Opinion on the applications for accession to the EC by Denmark, Ireland,
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