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Report
National Research Council of Italy
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
CNR meets SERBIA
Agri-food and Biosciences
Ceriminial Hall
University of Belgrade
Studentski Trg 1
Beograd
Tuesday November 13th 2012
1
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
….at a glance
Mission: to contribute to the progress of scientific and technological
knowledge for the development and improvement of a sustainable and
innovative agri-food system
Three Department Projects
and one strategic project :
Genomics
Food
Sustainable
agriculture
Agri-food &
Made in Italy
…..coming….one premium project:
Biology of plant production
672 staff, including 384 researchers
9 Institutes, with research units covering
almost the entire Italian territory
2
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
Financial Resources (year 2011)
Total financial resources (full costing):
Resources from Third Parties:
18,5
58 M€
M€
Distribution of the resources from Third Parties
Resources from Third Parties (Ml €)
20
Regions and
other Local
Authorities
19%
18
16
14
Others
6%
European
Commission and
International
Organizations
13%
12
10
Companies and
Foundations
13%
8
6
4
Government
Departments
35%
Other Public
Organizations
14%
2
0
2008
2009
2010
2011
22 Research Projects financed by European Commission are running
3
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
Research deliverables
Number of ISI (*) papers published
460
440
420
400
380
360
340
320
2008
2009
2010
2011
(*) Institute for Scientific Information (ISI)
4
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
Innovation and Competitiveness
Agri-Food Department Patents: 48
Transferred to enterprises: 24
patents concerning plant varieties 15
biotechnological products 8
technical devices 1
5
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Department Project
“Plant, Animal and Microbial Genomics”
Objective: To study the genetic and biochemical mechanisms that control the growth,
the development and the interaction with the environment in plant, animal and
microbial systems.
Four different areas of investigation
1.
2.
3.
4.
Genetic characterization of plants and microorganisms
Plant developmental and cellular biology, biochemistry and biotechnology
Plant-environment interactions
Animal genomics and biochemistry
Staff
Researchers
195
110
6
1. Genetic characterization of plants and microorganisms


Population genetics and genomics of forest trees
Genomic characterization of crop plants

Epigenetic control of gene expressions

Maintenance and management of the germplasm
collections
Francis Martin et al.
Périgord black truffle genome uncovers evolutionary origins and mechanisms of symbiosis
Nature 464, 1033-1038 (15 April 2010)
7
2. Plant
developmental and cellular biology,
biochemistry and biotechnology

Genetic and environmental control of plant
development

Storage protein biosynthesis and deposition

Production of secondary metabolites and
pharmaceutical proteins in plants
8
3.
Plant-environment interactions

Characterization of plant viruses

Role of siRNAs in virus infections

Plant responses to stresses

Effects of mycorrhizal symbiosis on plant
physiology and plant-pathogen interactions
9
4. Animal genomics and biochemistry

Conservation of animal genetic resources

Genome analysis in cattle and sheep

Development of new methods for pathogen
identification

Proteomic analysis of animal tissues and
products
10
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Department Project
“Food”
Objective: To develop new diagnostic techniques and new systems and
technologies for improving food quality and safety, especially keyed at health and
well-being development; and for the knowledge and exploitation of the quality of typical
productions.
Five different areas of investigation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Characterization of food of the Mediterranean area.
Development of emerging methodologies (biosensors, micro and nano-techn)
Development of food with high nutraceutical value
Study of pathogens (bacteria, moulds) and their metabolites (e.g. mycotoxins)
Improving knowledge on food related diseases
Staff
Researchers
158
94
m/z1000 1500 2000
11
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Department Project
“Food”
1. Characterization of food of the Mediterranean area
Biochemical,
nutritional
and
biological characterization of foods
12
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Department Project
“Food”
2. Development of emerging methodologies
Identification of molecular markers for quality
and safety
Spectroscopy of absorbance
with diffused light
Traceability of
fresh and
processed food
(e.g. by isotopic
composition of O
and C)
Design, production and development
of Biochips for food safety and human
health
13
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Department Project
“Food”
3.
Development of food with high nutraceutical value
Nutraceutical development for industrial applications (new tomato hybrids)
Design and achievement of new hybrids in
experimental fields
 Industrially Processed
Tomatoes
Evaluation of nutritional
capacities
Recovery of Bioactive Metabolites
Lycopene
beta-carotene
Study of their biological activity
Polyphenols
Anthocyanins
Vitamins
 Experimental Products
 seeds, plants, fresh products,
transformed products
Development of
“functional foods”
and role of
microorgamisms
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Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Department Project
“Food”
4.
Study of pathogens (bacteria, fungi) and their metabolites
(e.g. mycotoxins)
Studies on food safety with emphasis on biological
production and risk of derived harmful substances
Control
Novel Integrated
Strategies For
Worldwide
Mycotoxin
Reduction in Food
and Feed Chains
(FP7-KBBE-2007-2A)
Fumonisins
Deoxylnivalenol
Toxins T2/HT2
Zearalenon
15
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Department Project
“Food”
5.
Improving knowledge on food related diseases
Nutrition
and metabolism
Regulation of energy
omeostasis and obesity
Diet and
bone metabolism
Genetic and nutritional
markers in the obesity
Gut immunobiology
Diet and chemioprevention
Consumer science
Antonio Ottombrino and
Mauro Rossi, idea makers
of SafecerealS, to produce
wheat-based food also for
coeliac patients
Mainardi M. et al.
A sensitive period for environmental regulation of eating behavior and leptin sensitivity
PNAS September 21, 2010 vol. 107 no. 38 16673-16678
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Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Department Project
“Sustainable Agriculture”
Objective: To improve knowledge of biology of cultivated plants and their
interactions with the environment; to develop new research applications
fostering sustainability in crop and animal production by innovative and
environmental sound practices, and eco-friendly products and processes.
Five different areas of investigation
1.
Development of new sustainable systems, processes, methods and practices
2.
Conservation and valorization of biological diversity
3.
Strengthening of local economies
4.
Development and application of new and advanced technologies
5.
Study of responses and adaptation to stresses (biotic and abiotic)
Staff
Researchers
312
180
17
1.
Development of new sustainable systems,
processes, methods and practices

Eco-friendly crop techniques (i.e. organic farming, IPM)

Development of breeding methods with reduced
environmental impact and considering animal
welfare

Characterization and optimization of agroforestry and
grassland systems

Development of innovative practices in organic
aquaculture and eco-friendly fisheries

Biomass production and/or recycling for energy and raw
materials purposes
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Conservation and valorization of biological diversity
2.

Characterization and conservation of biodiversity profiles of
plants, animals and microorganisms, using the most advanced
molecular techniques.

Enhancement of autochthonous plant varieties and ecotypes,
and local breeds (landraces), especially in the Mediterranean
area
19
3.
Strengthening of local economies

Development of rural areas and their traditions,
typical products and local cultures.

Multifunctional Agriculture

Agriculture and common goods

Regulatory measures for a
sustainable agriculture
20
4.
Development and application of new and advanced
technologies

Sustainability indicators for agro-ecosystems

Forecasting scenarios definition to assess impact
of climate change on agricultural production and
quality

Precision agriculture and remote sensing
Probe s.r.l.

Decision support systems
21
5.
Study of responses and adaptation to stresses (biotic and
abiotic)

Morphological, functional, biochemical and molecular
characterization of defense and adaptation mechanisms.

Development of bio-control, integrated pest
management

Investigation of plant-soil interactions

Assessment of agro-ecosystem capacity to cope with
disturbances and extreme events, and to maintain
productivity (crop resilience)
Bonfante P, Requena N.
Dating in the dark: how roots respond to fungal signals to establish arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
Curr Opinion in Plant Biol. 2011 Aug;14(4):451-7
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Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
The Strategic Project
“Agri-food & Made in Italy”
Objectives:
• Genetic and molecular characterization of plants, animals and micro-organisms
that are the basis of specific Made in Italy food products, by the most advanced
technologies
• Development of advanced diagnostic network for monitoring quality, safety and
traceability of specific food productions in South of Italy and their comparison with those
of other countries
• Identification of new products and / or processes of interest for the national food
industry (including hypoallergenic food and / or nutraceutical rich compounds)
• Enhancement of agrofood production in the South of Italy in relation to the
production technologies used and their relationship with the territory
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Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
Collaboration Initiatives with Serbia
CNR
Contact
Institute Person
e-mail
Topic
IBIMET
[email protected]
Regional Programme on Disaster Risk Republic
Closed (April
Reduction in South East Europe (UNDP- Hydrometeorological
2011)
WMO)
Service of Serbia (RHMSS)
Vieri Tarchiani
Lorenzo Genesio
IBIMET
IVV
IBIMET
Pierfederico La
Notte
Francesca
Rapparini
Institute
of
Science Angelo
of Food Visconti
Productio
n (ISPA)
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
Serbian Partner
Status of the
initiative
Twinning Project SR 08 IB AG 02
Capacity Building and Technical Support
for the Renewal of Viticulture Zoning
and for the System of Designation for
Ministry of Agriculture;
Wine with Geographical Indications University of Belgrad
Short term technical assistance and
coordination of the team of STEs on
Zoning
on going (end in
July 2013)
University of Novi Sad
Plant hormones as the indicators of
Institute of Lowland
heavy metal pollution in tree species Forestry and Environment
(ILFE)
researcher
exchanges
Setting up the innovation support
Institute of Food
mechanisms and increasing
[email protected]
Technology (FINS),
awareness on the potential of
r.it
Novi Sad
Food Innovation and RTD in the
South-East Europe area
South East
Europe Transnational
Cooperation
Programme
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Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
Collaboration Initiatives with Serbia
Istituto di
Virologia La Notte
Vegetale Pierfederico
U.O.S. Bari
INTERREG IIIA IPA Transfrontaliero
Adriatico “Valorization, sanitation and
[email protected]
production of local vines and
wines“ (2005/2007).
Istituto di
Virologia La Notte
Vegetale Pierfederico
U.O.S. Bari
Component of the tutorial commission
[email protected] for a PhD in Viticulture (PhD Student University of Novi Sad
Mr Bojan Mandic)
Istituto di
Virologia La Notte
Vegetale Pierfederico
U.O.S. Bari
Istituto di
Virologia La Notte
Vegetale Pierfederico
U.O.S. Bari
University of Novi Sad Faculty
of Agriculture, Institute of
Closed
Plant protection and the
(2005/2007)
Environment of Belgrade
In process
Preparation and submission of Project
1. University of Novi Sad
proposal. “Protection from genetic
Faculty of Agriculture, 2.
erosion through rescue and
University of Belgrade Faculty
Valorization of Autochthonous
Project not
[email protected]
of Agriculture , 3. Ministry of
Grape germplasm Resources
funded
Agriculture, Trade, Forestry
(Pro.V.A.G.Re)” - IPA Adriatic Crossand Water Management
border Cooperation Programme (I call
Republic of Serbia
2009).
“Research Potential in Integrated
Pest Management, Quarantine and 1. Institute of Plant protection
Certification of Mediterranean
and the Environment of
Project not
[email protected]
Crops” – REQUACEMED, Interreg
Belgrade, 2. University of Novi funded
Program BCE Trans-border Adriatic, 2nd Sad Faculty of Agriculture
call November 2011
25
Bio and Agri-Food Sciences Department
Collaboration Initiatives with Serbia
Dr.ssa
Istituto di
TOMMONARO
Chimica
[email protected]; Derivatives of Avarol: chemical
Giuseppina e
Biomolecolare
[email protected]
synthesis and biological activities
Dr. DE ROSA
(ICB)
Salvatore
Dr. PEJIN Boris, Faculty of
Chemistry-University of
Belgrade; e-mail:
[email protected]
Dr. PEJIN
worked at ICB
supported by
fellowships;
Contacts by email; several
joined papers
on international
journal;
26
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
Dipartimento di Scienze bio-agroalimentari
Piazzale Aldo Moro, 7
00185 Roma
Direttore:
e-mail:
tel.:
web:
dr. Francesco Loreto
[email protected]
[email protected]
+39 06 49937802 +39 06 49937803
http://www.daa.cnr.it
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