Beowulf is humble and conscientious ruler. Her respects the

Report
Reading Strategy p38
• What events preceded the dragon’s attack on
the Geats?
Reading Strategy p38
• What events preceded the dragon’s attack on
the Geats?
The theft of a gem-studded cup by someone who
accidentally stumbles on the entrance to the
stone tower.
Literary Element p39
• What does this conflict suggest about
Beowulf’s upcoming conflict with the dragon?
Literary Element p39
• What does this conflict suggest about
Beowulf’s upcoming conflict with the dragon?
This passage has an elegiac mood, stating that
not only the accoutrements but the warrriors
who owned them eventually pass away. By
creating this mood, the poet suggest that
Beowulf’s conflict with the dragon might
result in his death and his people’s demise.
Literary Element p40
• How do the dragon’s motives differ from those
of Grendel?
Literary Element p40
• How do the dragon’s motives differ from those
of Grendel?
Grendel attacks out of hatred for humans, the
dragon attacks out of revenge.
Reading Strategy p40
• What is ironic about this sequence of events?
Reading Strategy p40
• What is ironic about this sequence of events?
It is ironic that in resolving a problem with his
master, the slave triggers a conflict that
threatens the entire kingdom.
Big Idea p41
• What does this passage reveal about Beowulf
as a ruler of his people?
Big Idea p41
• What does this passage reveal about Beowulf
as a ruler of his people?
Beowulf is humble and conscientious ruler. Her
respects the tradition that a kingdom is
punished for the sins of its king, and he
accepts moral responsibility for his people’s
suffering.
Big Idea p42
• How would you contrast Beowulf’s and
Hrothgar’s responses to attack?
Big Idea p42
• How would you contrast Beowulf’s and
Hrothgar’s responses to attack?
Hrothgar does not try to slay Grendel, the
monster that is slaughtering his people.
Beowulf, however, decides to fight the dragon
that threatens his people. Beowulf is either
braver or more powerful than Hrothgar, or
both.
Literary Element p42
• Is Beowulf being foolhardy or noble in
deciding to fight alone? Explain
Literary Element p42
• Is Beowulf being foolhardy or noble in
deciding to fight alone? Explain
Some may say he is foolhardy because he, an
elderly warrior, can conquer a powerful
adversary without help from his warriors.
Others may say that Beowulf is noble for trying
to protect his warriors from certain death.
Reading Strategy p42
• What effect does this sequence of events
create?
Reading Strategy p42
• What effect does this sequence of events
create?
It creates suspence. First a cloud of hot breath,
then a shuddering of the ground as the dragon
plods forward. The poet slows down the
action of the narrative as Beowulf and dragon
approach each other.
Big Idea p43 TOP
• What does this passage reveal about Beowulf?
Big Idea p43 TOP
• What does this passage reveal about Beowulf?
Beowulf courageously fights although he knows
that he is doomed. Beowulf seems more heroic
because he accepts his fate even as he fights
the only losing battle of his life.
Big Idea p43 BOTTOM
• How does this passage show the bond of
kinship in Anglo-Saxon culture?
Big Idea p43 BOTTOM
• How does this passage show the bond of
kinship in Anglo-Saxon culture?
The bond entails that a warrior must remain to
fight alongside his kinsman even in the face of
extreme danger and death.
Reading Strategy p44
• What sequence of events led to Wiglaf’s
receiving his fathers armor and sword?
Reading Strategy p44
• What sequence of events led to Wiglaf’s
receiving his fathers armor and sword?
Wiglaf’s father, Wexstan, won the armor and the
sword in battle by killing King Onela’s nephew.
Wexstan kept the armor and sword to give to
his son when Wiglaf came of age. Wiglaf
inherited the sword and armor when Wexstan
died.
Big Idea p44
• What does this passage reveal about the
relationship between a chief and his
followers?
Big Idea p44
• What does this passage reveal about the
relationship between a chief and his
followers?
A chief gave weapons, armor, and other goods
to his followers in return for their loyal service
in a time of need.
Literary Element p45 TOP
• How might Wiglaf’s actions affect the fight?
Literary Element p45 TOP
• How might Wiglaf’s actions affect the fight?
Though seriously wonded, Beowulf now has an
ally in his fight against the dragon. This could
be a difference maker.
Literary Element p45
• What is ironic about Beowulf’s strength?
Literary Element p45
• What is ironic about Beowulf’s strength?
Beowulf’s strength is his biggest asset as a
warrior. This becomes his handicap in his
battle with the dragon. He is so strong that
the force of his blows shatters any weapon he
wields against the dragon.
Big Idea p47 TOP
• Why does Beowulf believe that he has been a
good king?
Big Idea p47 TOP
• Why does Beowulf believe that he has been a
good king?
He has managed to maintain the peace for fifty
years, has never sworn an unholy oath, and
has never engaged in battle against a
kinsman.
Big Idea p47 BOTTOM
• Why does the treasure mean so much to
Beowulf?
Big Idea p47 BOTTOM
• Why does the treasure mean so much to
Beowulf?
The treasure is proof of his greatness and will
bring glory and security to his people.
Big Idea p48
• Why does Beowulf plan the tower so
carefully?
Big Idea p48
• Why does Beowulf plan the tower so
carefully?
Immortality consists solely of fame, so he plans
his monument carefully. He wants to ensure
that his people will cherish his memory for as
long as possible.
Reading Strategy p48
• Beowulf's followers return to their leader
after, not during, the battle. What can you
conclude about them?
Reading Strategy p48
• Beowulf's followers return to their leader
after, not during, the battle. What can you
conclude about them?
With the exception of Wiglaf, who is loyal and
brave, Beowulf’s followers turn out to be
cowards and traitors. They violate the heroic
code because of their fear.
Big Idea p49
• Why did the Anglo-Saxons regard cowardice as
a particularly shameful?
Big Idea p49
• Why did the Anglo-Saxons regard cowardice as
a particularly shameful?

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