Phonics Workshop - Foundation Stage

Report
Welcome
Phonics workshop for the
Foundation Stage
What will we cover?
O A brief overview for phonics
O Phonics within the Foundation Stage
O Activities – an opportunity to experience how
your child learns and ideas for home.
Phonics
O Phonics is the main approach to helping
children with unknown words.
O Children need to use letter sounds (not letter
names) to decode words.
Phonics
=
Skill of blending
and segmenting
+
Knowledge of the
Alphabetical
code of Phonics
The smallest unit of sound is called a
phoneme. There are 44 phonemes in spoken
English.
Phoneme - The smallest unit of sound. There
are 44 phonemes in English. Phonemes can
be put together to make words.
Grapheme - A way of writing down a phoneme.
Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g.
p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters
e.g ough.
Digraph - A grapheme containing two letters
that makes just one sound (phoneme).
Trigraph - A grapheme containing three letters
that makes just one sound (phoneme).
Phoneme
Digraph
Trigraph
a
oa
igh
cat
boat
sight
How do we say the sounds?
O http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqhXU
W_v-1s
O http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gxxLnf
S5Ts
Phonics in Foundation Stage
O The children are taught using LCP Phonics
scheme of work that follows the Primary
National Strategy Letters and Sounds.
O Letters and Sounds is broken up into phases 1-6
O In the Foundation Stage and KS1 phonics is
taught every day for 20 minutes 4 days a week.
O Children start from phase 2 as phase 1 runs
continuously throughout the Foundation Stage.
Phase 2
O Set 1 - s a t p
O Set 2 - i n m d
O Set 3 - g o c k
O Set 4 - ck e u r
O Set 5 - h b f ff l ll s ss
Phase 3
O Phase 3 continues in the same way as Phase 2
O
O
O
O
and introduces new phonemes. By the end of
Phase 3 the children will know one way of writing
down each of the 44 phonemes.
Set 6 - j v w x
Set 7 - y z zz qu
Consonant digraphs - ch sh th ng
Vowel digraphs (and trigraphs) ai ee igh oa oo ar
or ur ow oi ear air ure er
ur
nurse
er
flower
oo
moon
oo
book
Phase 4
O The main challenge in this phase is to help
children to blend and segment words with
adjacent consonants e.g. truck, help. These
adjacent consonant phonemes can both be
heard when you say the word which makes
them different from a digraph where there
are two letters that make just one sound.
gulp
stamp
hand
thank
Oral blending
O This involves hearing phonemes and being
able to merge them together to make a word.
h - a - t hat
d – u –ck
duck
Activity: Oral blending
On the yellow sheet in your pack there are a list of words, in the
first column shows the phonemes within the word, sound talk
them and then say the word.
Blending to read
O This involves looking at a written word,
looking at each grapheme and to work out
which phoneme each grapheme represents
and then merging these phonemes together
to make a word. This is the basis of reading.
dog
tree
Sound buttons
O Sounds buttons are used under each
grapheme to help the identify sounds.
pat
t r ai n
Activity: blending to read
recognising graphemes in words (single letter
phonemes and digraphs)
Activity: blending to read
green sheet
1st table – real words to try and blend
2nd – nonsense/alien words
Oral Segmenting
O This is the act hearing a whole word and
then splitting it up into the phonemes that
make it. Children need to develop this skill
before they will be able to segment words to
spell them.
Activity: how many phonemes (sounds) are in these
words?
Segmenting
O This involves hearing a word, splitting it up
into the phonemes that make it.
O Then writing those graphemes down in the
right order
O Basis of spelling
Activity – segmenting
Spelling application: What goes in each part of the
phoneme frame?
d
o g
sh ee
p
k
i
ck
n
igh t
Tricky words
O However, some words just don’t ‘sound
out’.....these are called ‘Tricky Words’
How to help your child
O Phonics will only work in an environment where
O
O
O
O
O
Speaking and Listening Skills are promoted and
developed. Children should also be regularly exposed
to a wide range of quality texts. They should be
regularly read aloud to.
Read regularly every opportunity not just your child’s
books
Nonsense/alien words – make your own words up
using 44 phoemes
Activities and games
Reading record – list of phonemes and phase
children are working on in school.
Websites
Thank you
• 6pm Mrs Pimperton overview of
phonics throughout KS1
• 6:20pm Mrs Wilsher Year 1
Screening test
• Resources and Questions

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