Open Knowledge Repository (OKR)

Report
@ The World Bank
Open Knowledge Repository (OKR)
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/
Eliza McLeod, Head WBG Library
September, 2013
UN LINKS, Geneva
Modified from presentation by
Jose de Buerba, Sr. World Bank Publishing Officer
& Paschal Ssemaganda, World Bank Publishing Officer
Agenda
• Roots of OKR
• ORK & Access to Information Policy
• Policy Scope & Requirements
• Working with Bank authors
• Features & General Costs of the Repository
Open Knowledge Repository
Part of Larger Open Development Trend
Dr. Kim, Current President, The World Bank
Group
Stimulate use of development
knowlege to solve
development problems
The goal of open development,
…is to improve the lives of
people around the world
through access to information.
“We need to recognize that
development knowledge is no longer
the sole province of the researcher,
the scholar, or the ivory tower. The
aim is to open the treasure chest of
the World Bank’s data and
knowledge to every village health
care worker, every researcher,
everyone.”
Robert B. Zoellick, Former President, The World Bank
Group, Georgetown University, September 2010
Embracing Openness
Open About
What We Know
(Data and Knowledge)
Open About
What We Do
(Operations and
Results)
Open About
How We Work
Open
Government
(Partnerships for
Openness)
(Transparency,
Accountability)
T H E WO R L D B A N K O P E N AG E N DA
Open Knowledge Repository
Background
Built on the work of the Internal Documents Unit which
created Imagebank (internal official Bank documents
repository) in 1993.
Created external version of Imagebank in 1996, called
World Development Sources which changed the
name to Documents & Reports
http://www-wds.worldbank.org
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/home
Strategic Review of
World Bank Publishing
Open Access
Policy
Open
Knowledge
Repository
Creative
Commons
or
Why an Open Access Policy?
• To provide greater access to Bank research and
knowledge outputs
• To encourage innovation allowing use and re-use
(i.e., derivative works, translations, text-mining,etc.)
• To join a growing Open Access community (e.g.,
governments, universities, and other institutions)
• To align Bank’s Publishing with Bank’s Open
Development Agenda
Policy Scope
WB OA Policy applies to manuscripts and
accompanying data sets:
(a) resulting from research, analysis, and economic and
sector work;
(b) which have undergone peer review or have been
otherwise vetted and approved for release to the public;
and
(c) for which approval for release is given on or after July 1,
2012.
Policy Requirements
1. For works published by the Bank
− Available immediately in OKR
− Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)
2. For works by Bank staff published externally (mostly
journal articles)
‒ Working paper version available immediately in OKR
under CC BY
‒ Final, peer-reviewed Accepted Author Manuscript (AAM),
available in OKR after Publisher's embargo under CC BY
NC ND (unless more liberal license is accepted)
World Bank Publishing
Intranet web site
Internal Training
Step-by-Step Guides for Authors
Features
1. Optimal Discoverability:
• Interoperable with other repositories
• Adherence to Open Access standards (Dublin Core
metadata and OAI-PMH)
• Systematic metadata curation process
2. Intuitive Interface:
• Several browse options, advanced search, most viewed
content, citation information, permanent links, etc.
• Built on DSpace - OA platform
3. Allows Use, Reuse and Building-on Bank’s Work:
• CC BY copyright license
4. New Content:
• Content published by external Publishers
FEATURE: Advanced Metrics
Usage: Total Downloads, First Year
1 million downloads in 1 year
(44% from developing countries)
Interoperability & Discoverability
DSpace is limited in flexibility for metadata
harvesters. Current solution: Allow filtering via
facets like country and topic to create virtual sets. The
resultant XML output is OAI-PMH compliant and
exportable. Working on upgrade to allow mobile
improved search.
Indexing in Google Scholar.
Internal pressure from WBG regions for local
language searching and content
Costs
 $120K
in development, 2011 to date (August,
2013) Contracted a Belgian developer
 Hosting
cost $25K/year, hosted in cloud
 On-going
2
costs approximately $30-40K
FTEs, 1 repository manager, a project
manager and .5 FTE for marketing & social
media support
Conclusions
1. Still in early stages in Open Access publishing.
2. Academic publishers are rebuilding their business
models: some embrace, some resist and some hide.
3. Embargo periods vary per publisher, only 1 publisher
has agreed so far (Routledge, Elsevier being negotiated).
4. Open Repositories built on open software (DSpace,
ePrints) increase dissemination significantly… but
marketing & outreach are still important.
5. WB focused on technical innovations and building new
partnerships to drive usage and discovery
Comparison of Document Collections
World Bank eLibrary
Tools/Functionality:
Tools/Functionality:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Quick & Adv. Search (+ Full Text Search)
MARC records
Save Favorites and Searches
Full Text Search
Citation exporting
Customized new content alerts
Indexed in Lib. Search & Disc. Services
Athens & Shibboleth Authentication
COUNTER-compliant Reports
Mobile optimized (forthcoming)
Custom eBook Tool (forthcoming)
•
•
•
•
•
Customer service
Content:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Full collection of all Publications &
Research since 1990s
World Bank Economic Review (WBER) and
World Bank Research Observer (WBRO)
since 1996 with no embargo
All Policy Research Working Papers since
1998
All Development Outreach issues
Links to related datasets (forthcoming)
Full text PDF + Chapter-level access/
XML for new books (forthcoming)
Creative Commons CC BY licenses (WBpublished content only)
Volume: 9,000 (52% overlap with OKR)
Documents & Reports
Open Knowledge Repository (OKR)
•
•
Quick & Advanced Search
Citation information
Author Profiles
“Most Viewed Content” & Usage
Statistics
Interoperable with Open Access
repositories (Dublin Core)
Indexed in Google Scholar
Content:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Publications & Research since 2005
Policy Research Working Papers since
2005
Economic & Sector Work since 2005
Annual Reports & Independent Evaluation
Studies since 2005
World Bank Economic Review (WBER) &
World Bank Research Observer (WBRO)
2007-2010 with 18-month embargo
All Knowledge Notes
Links to Bank-authored, external journal
articles 2008 -2011
Full text PDF
Machine-readable text files
Creative Commons CC BY licenses (WBpublished content only)
Volume: 10,000
Subscription: More Tools & Functionality
Free. Select Content
Tools/Functionality:
•
•
•
•
Quick & Advanced Search
Citation information
Interconnected with Bank operations
portal and websites
Interface and Search available in six
languages
Content:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
All publically-available World Bank
documents since 1946 (including newly
de-classified documents)
Publications & Research
World Bank Economic Review (WBER)
and World Bank Research Observer
(WBRO) since 1986 with 18-month
embargo
Policy Research Working Papers
Economic & Sector Work
Annual Reports & Independent
Evaluation Studies
Board Documents
Country Focus
Project Documents
Translated content (selected)
Full text PDF
Machine-readable text files
Volume: 140,000+
Free. Most Content
9/2013

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