Barriers in front of information - 3rd LIBER workshop on Digital

Barriers in front of information
Ayhan Kaygusuz
Istanbul Şehir University
First examples of intellectual productions
• The Venus of Willendorf - 24,000 BC
• Man from Brno, Czech Republic - c.30,000 BC
• Mammoth from Vogelherd Cave, Germany c.25,000 BC
• Mother Goddess from Laussel, France - c.22,000 BC
• Woman's Head from Brassempouy, France - c.22,000 BC
• Clay Bison, Tuc d'Audoubert, Ariege - c.15,000 BC
• Mother Goddess of Catal Huyuk - c.6000 BC
• Man and Woman from Cernavoda Romania - c.4000 BC
• Stone Henge, Salisbury England - c.2100 BC
• Moai Statues, Easter Island, Chile - Disputed Time Range
• Lascaux France Cave
• Lascaux France Bull
First examples of intellectual productions
Production and recording information
Production and recording information
Production and recording information
Production and recording information
Production and recording information
Circulation of information
Circulation of information
Liber Chronicarum (Nuremberg Chronicle)
The Gentleman’s Magazine
Storage and preservation of information
After Internet
• Instant messaging,
• Voice over Internet,
• Two-way interactive video calls,
• World Wide Web
• Discussion forums,
• Social networking,
• Online shopping
• And production and publishing scientific information
Main differences between the old times and now
• Amount of information is not comparable
• The media, -information carriers- are different
• Delivery method of information has completly changed,
• Storage and preservation of information are much more complicated
and expensive than the old times.
• Information technology may be a primary reason for information
overload due to its ability to produce more information more quickly
and to disseminate this information to a wider audience than ever
before (Evaristo, Adams, & Curley, 1995).
How much information?
Release date: October 27, 2003. © 2003 Regents of the University of California
Size of digital universe
The Expanding Digital Universe : a Forecast of Worldwide Information Growth Through 2010, IDC White Paper, March 2007
Scientific information
Scientific information
Scientific information
OA publishing
Digital divide
Digital divide describes the gap between those who have already
access to information and communication technology and the skills to
make use of those technology and those who do not have the access or
skills to use those same technologies within a geographic area, society
or community.
Barriers to access information
There are several barriers in front of information varying by
countries, regions, societies and genders. Some of them are;
• Technical barriers,
• Financial barriers,
• Information literacy issues
Broadband Commission Statshot - September 2012
Growth between developing and Developed World
Between 2010-2011
Broadband Costs
Processing and protecting information
The amount of information in the digital universe
that is "tagged" accounts for only about 3% of the
digital universe in 2012, and that which is analyzed is
half a percent of the digital universe. IDC's Digital Universe Study
Much of the digital universe is unprotected. IDC
estimates that about a third of the data in the digital
universe requires some type of protection.
Interoperability refers to how well two or more
systems work together to achieve a common goal.
Interoperability is multilateral by nature and is best
understood as a shared value of a community. European
Investigation of Information Systems Interoperability in UK universities,
Menzies, Birrell and Dunsire, 2011.
Interoperability Framework (EIF) for European public services, Bruxelles, le
16.12.2010 COM(2010) 744 final
Needs for Interoperability;
Benefits of interoperability;
• cooperation among public
administrations with the aim to
establish public services;
• exchanging information among
public administrations to fulfil legal
requirements or political
• sharing and reusing information
among public administrations to
increase administrative efficiency
and cut red tape for citizens and
• improved public service delivery to
citizens and businesses by
facilitating the one-stop-shop
delivery of public services;
• lower costs for public
administrations, businesses and
citizens due to the efficient delivery
of public services.
European Interoperability Framework (EIF)
for European public services, Bruxelles, le
16.12.2010 COM(2010) 744 final
Financial Barriers
Library Expenditure in Total University Expenditure
ARL Statistics
Literacy Issues
The following content languages are used by less than 0.1% of the websites
• As a result, ICT have had a great impact on production and
distribution of information. But all individuals and societies do not
have equal opportunities to access the information because of
technical, financial and literacy barriers.
• Growth and circulation of information are positive developments and
we see the effects and contributions of these developments in our
everyday lives. Unfortunately these positive developments will widen
gap between societies and digital divide will be one of the most
important issues of the world.
Figures about Turkish HEI
• 76 million people, % 43 under 25 years old
• 2 million students take exam to enter university
• 104 state and 72 foundation, 176 universities
• 99 of the universities established after 2006
• 5.4 million students in all levels of higher education
• 280.000 master’s and doctoral students
• 142.000 teaching and reserach staff in HEI
• Around 30.000 articles are published in citation indexes per year
National Academic Repository Project
• Training materials have been prepared and published on the website of the HEC in February 2014.
• A training program was organised for 327 librarians and IT staff of 176 universities on 3rd of March.
• A frame Policy document has been created on IR&OA for the Higher Education Council and all universities have been
asked to create their own policies in accordance with that frame policy in April 2014.
• In addition to the provisions on instituonal repositories and open access HEC encourages the universities to create
Research Data Management policies.
• For sharing the experiences and easily exchanging and harvesting data Dspace has been recommended to universities.
• Universities will install, register and test Dspace until end of May 2014.
• Second seminar will be organised for the librarians and practical issues, such as creating accounts, data entry, copyrights
issues will be disscussed in the seminar on 30th of May.
• Libraries will create or convert their data into Dspace between June-October 2014.
• The HEC will design a platform for harvesting all IR of the universities until October 2014.
• Thesis and dissertations will be converted into the new system in the HEC.
• First results of the project will be evaluated in the “open access week” on 20-21 October 2014.
• At the end of that project the HEC will take initiative to suggest a national OA Policy, including research data, to the
related institution.
• It is in service since December 2008
• 44 public institutions,
• 380 services,
• 18 million users by the May 2014,
The goals of the project are;
• To improve delivery of public services to Turkish citizens through a single platform.
• Reduce the costs for public administrations and citizens by delivering efficient
public services.
• Information Overload Revisited
• Libraries and Society: Role, Responsibility and Future in an Age of Change
edited by David P. Baker,Wendy Evans
• Widening access to research information: A response John Houghton and Charles Oppenheim January 2010
• The Influence of Task Interruption on Individual Decision Making: An Information Overload Perspective
• Information Load Revisited: A Theoretical Model Roberto Evaristo, Carl Adams, Shawn Curley, 1995

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