CHAPTER 5: INNOVATION IN THE MANUFACTURING SECTOR

Report
INNOVATION
Presented by:
Sabrina binti Kamin
5 – 8 December 2011
Hanoi, Vietnam
PRESENTATION OUTLINE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Background of National Survey of Innovation, Malaysia
Objective
Methodology
Survey Activities
Coverage
Data collection
Sample size
Response rate
Malaysia Experience
Main finding
Timeline
BACKGROUND






1995 - National Survey of Innovation in Industry
1997 - 1999 : National Survey of Innovation
2000 - 2001: National Survey of Innovation
2002 - 2004 : National Survey of Innovation
2005 - 2008 : National Survey of Innovation
2009 - 2011 : NSI-6 (2012)
OBJECTIVE

To collect and compile time series of data
pertaining to innovation activities in the
manufacturing and services sectors.

The output from the study shall be used by
policy makers in analysing and understanding
the diffusion, usage and practice of innovation
in Malaysia.
OBJECTIVE (cont.)

To monitor and develop national innovation
parameters (specific to Malaysia) for the purpose of
comparison at international level;

To provide suggestions in improving the innovation
level of the Small and Medium Enterprises (SME);

To identify major challenges in implementing
innovation;and

To identify the impact and effectiveness in the
diffusion and practice of innovation.
METHODOLOGY

Based on the OECD’S OSLO MANUAL (Third
Edition, 2005)

Type of survey: Not compulsory to the respondents

Survey method: Sample
SURVEY ACTIVITIES
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Basis For Methodology Development
Coverage
Sampling Strategy
Data Collection
Design of Questionnaire
Actual Survey
Data Processing And Analysis
Quality Assurance
BASIS OF METHODOLOGY
DEVELOPMENT

Development of The Term of Reference (TOR)
- Methodology and Scope

Guidelines set out by OECD as found in the
latest Oslo Manual
BASIS OF METHODOLOGY
DEVELOPMENT (cont.)

The research methodology used in the
previous studies so that the data collected can
be compared with the previous findings.

Current needs as well as the need to produce
better/improved findings.

The need for enhancement and modification to
suit current demand.
COVERAGE

Manufacturing Sector (22 industries)
 Category of small, medium and large scale
industry
 Recommended from previous study and OSLO
manual

Services sector (8 industries)
COVERAGE (cont.)
The definitions of the categories of small, medium and large industries
were based on the definitions currently adopted by the Department of
Statistic, Malaysia (DOS) as follows:
i. Manufacturing Sector
a) Small
: Sales turnover between RM 250,000 and
less than RM 10 million or full time employees of 5 to
50;
b) Medium
: Sales turnover between RM 10 million to than
RM 25 million or full time employees of 51 to 150;
and
c) Large
: Sales turnover of more than RM 25 million or full
time employees of more than 150.
COVERAGE (cont.)
ii. Services Sector
a) Small
: Sales turnover between RM 200,000 and less
than RM 1 million or full time employees of 5 to
19;
b) Medium
:Sales turnover between RM 1 million to than
RM 5 million or full time employees of 20 to 50;
c) Large
: Sales turnover of more than RM 5 million or full
time employees of full time employees more than
50.
DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE
Sample data - Department of Statistic,
Malaysia (DOS)
2. Sending out the questionnaire (postal survey),
with returned envelopes
3. Telephone/Follow-up calls made to
respondents who did not return the
questionnaire as well as those whose
responses were incomplete.
4. Workshop / Seminar
1.
SAMPLE SIZE
The sample size; 4,000 manufacturing
companies and 1,000 services
companies from the Department of
Statistic, Malaysia (DOS)
 Stratified random sampling was used to
ensure a fair distribution; according to
zone in Malaysia

SAMPLE SIZE (cont.)
Zone
North
Middle
South
East
Sabah
Sarawak
Total
Manufacturing
1006
1123
1123
274
161
313
4000
Services
142
499
160
60
60
79
1000
National Survey of Innovation Malaysia in
manufacturing and services sector 2005-2008
Response Rate
Innovating
Non-Innovating
Total
Sector
No
%
No
%
No
%
Manufacturing
524
51.52
493
48.48
1,017
83.91
Services
100
51.28
95
48.72
195
16.09
624
51.49
588
48.51
Total
1,212 100.00
National Survey of Innovation Malaysia in
manufacturing and services sector 2005-2008
How?
 Staff training -> expert
 Term of Reference (TOR)
 Administrative report
 Visiting/workshop/seminar survey
 Survey respondent
 Endorsement - Steering &Technical Committee
 Launching of Innovation Survey
 Carry out briefing
 Sending out survey kit
 Road show
Data Collection Instrument
The study shall use suitable methods for data collection;
 Survey respondent
 Survey kit
 Survey questionnaire
 Data collection
○ Interviews
○ follow up calls; and
○ site visits to companies with potential of implementing
innovation activities
Survey Kit
Questionnaire
 Guideline to Questionnaire – a simplified
set of instruction to guide them to fill up
the survey form.
 Malaysian Standard Industrial
Classification (MSIC)

OPERATION
MAJOR ACTIVITY












Preliminary Work
Preparation of Inception Report
Preparation of Questionnaire and Pilot Test
Preparation of Sample Frame and Respondent
Recruitment and Training of Enumerators
Field Work
Data Processing
Analysis
Preparation Interim Report
Preparation Summary and Recommendation
Preparation Draft of Final Report - input from technical and
steering committee
Final Report
OPERATION (cont.)
Preliminary Work

Preliminary work include but not limited to:
 Clarifying and understanding the TOR especially the
objective and scope of work
 Studying and understanding Oslo Manual
 Examining the questionnaire of the harmonized
Community Innovation Surveys and other related surveys
 Discussing with DOS pertaining to sample frame

The bulk of the preliminary activities will be done during the
first two months.
OPERATION (cont.)
Field Work

Field activities toward completing the survey would
involve:
 Sending out questionnaires
 Follow up calls
 Group briefing
 Personal visits and interviews
Issues and Challenges





No population in number of innovation company
Awareness program
Not enough staff - outsource to consultant
Procurement process
Low response rate
 Telephone hot-line - was made available to respondents
 Training the enumerators - for follow up calls as well as
for personal interviews.
 Reminder letters – to encourage higher response rate
 QA – need to ensure correct interpretation of question.
Level of innovations
The results of the survey showed that 51.49% of
the totals responding companies were
innovative
companies
(Manufacturing
&
Services Sector)
Percentage and Number of Innovative
Companies
51.50%
51.50%
51.00%
50.50%
50.00%
49.50%
48.50%
49.00%
48.50%
48.00%
47.50%
47.00%
Innovation
Source: National Survey of Innovation 2005 -2008
Non-innovation
Innovation in the Manufacturing
and Services Sector
51.5
51.3
51.5
51
50.5
50
49.5
48.7
48.5
49
48.5
48
47.5
47
Manufacturing
Services
Innovating
Non-Innovating
Number of Innovations
Number of Innovations
35.0%
31.7%
30.0%
23.6%
25.0%
17.6%
20.0%
Percentages
12.2%
15.0%
10.0%
6.9%
8.0%
5.0%
0.0%
One - two
Three Four
Five - Six
Seven Eight
Nine - Ten More than
Ten
Percentage of Innovating
Companies by Expenditure
Percentages of Innovating companies by Expenditure
40
38.1
35
30
19.7
25
16.7
20
9.5
9.9
15
6.1
10
5
0
10,000 and
below
10,001 50,000
50,001 100,000
100,001 500,000
500,001 - 1
mil
Above 1 mil
Percentages
CHARACTERISTIC OF THE
COMPANIES SURVEYED
Local and Foreign Ownership
Companies
The percentage of foreign owned companies that had undertaken
innovation activities was higher at 61.90% compared to locally-owned
companies at 48.75%.
48.75
%
51.25
%
Innovating
Non Innovating
Locally Controlled
38.10
%
Innovating
61.90
%
Non Innovating
Foreign Controlled
Innovating and Non-innovating
Companies According to Firm
Size
80
74.3
64.3
70
60
49.4 50.6
50
35.8
40
Percentages Innovating
Percentages Non-innovating
25.7
30
20
10
0
Large
Medium
Small
TIMELINE
12
months/ 1 year
Coming
survey for 20092011: will be conducted in
2012
Contact: Ms. Sabrina Binti Kamin
TEL: +603-8885 8110
FAX: +603-8889 2980
Website:
http://www.mastic.gov.my
Website:
http://krste.my

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