An Introduction to Bed Bugs

Presented by:
Produced by: University of Florida/IFAS
Duval County Extension Office
Jacksonville Bed Bug Task Force
Non-profit organization
IKE works to reduce
environmental threats to
children’s health
Lead poisoning prevention
Air pollution and asthma triggers
Pesticide exposure
What are bed bugs?
◦ Cimax lectularius
◦ Parasites
◦ Brown-Reddish Brown
◦ Oval-shaped and flat with hairs
◦ No wings
◦ Do not jump or fly but run fast
◦ Long piercing-sucking mouthpart
◦ Feed on blood
◦ Live near their hosts (people)
1)Bed bugs can’t be seen with the naked eye – False
(The adults are small (< ¼ inch) but can be seen.)
Lay about 3 eggs per day
 5 Molts before they are adults
 Maturation takes about 4-9 weeks
 Lifespan can last 12-18 months
2)Bed bugs can live for many months
without feeding – True (Bed bugs can live
up to one year without a bloodmeal)
3)Bed bugs are not know to
cause or spread disease - True
 Nuisance
 Sleepless nights
 Inflamed skin lesions
 Stained sheets and mattresses
 Psychological stress from
infested environment
Day Cares and
Bed bugs are only found
on the bed - False
Movie Theatres
 Feed mainly at night, but will
feed in daytime as well
 10 mins, once a week
 Long proboscis to “suck”
H. Harlan ©
H. Harlan ©
Unfed adult
Fed adult
Bed bugs bite only at night False
Bed bug ventral head Harl
an ©
Unfed nymph
Fed nymph
Some People are not affected
by bed bug bites - True
 Not everyone reacts to bed
bug bites
 Bites are usually in rows
 Do not transmit diseases
 Secondary infections can
Most people who show
symptoms develop them
after 10 days the first
time they are bitten.
If you have been bitten
before then reactions
may be immediate.
Quick movers
◦ Adults can crawl about 4 ft/minute
◦ Nymphs can crawl about 1 ft/minute
2½ minutes for an adult
to make it from a TV
stand to the pillow
10 minutes for a nymph
Bed bugs cannot fly and will not jump from the
floor to the bed. - True
Look for blood spots and
Monitor for insect
Only dirty cluttered homes get bed bugs – false
If you have bed bugs you need to get rid of
infested clothing and furniture – False
Discarded mattresses
Used Furniture
Encasing a mattress and box spring will prevent
future bed bug infestation in your home. - False
Placed under bed posts
Monitoring device
Bed needs to be pulled away from the wall
After 2 weeks in an
infested apartment.
Clothing and linens do not
have to be washed first
Down-filled items resist
1 hour on high heat
Bed bugs die at 120°F after
1 minute of exposure
Thoroughly vacuum the
carpet areas
Dispose of vacuum bag
In between uses place
vacuum in heat or isolate
in sealed bag
Use a steamer that reaches 115°-130°F. It will
kill the eggs and nymphs and if you get a
direct hit will kill the adults.
But even if you don’t kill the adults at least
the steam will flush them out of their hiding
place. Then you can use a HEPA vacuum to
scoop them up.
Identify the insect
Determine source
Be discreet, inform parents
Follow IPM Action Plan
School Administrators
Jacksonville Bed Bug Task Force
Erin Harlow, University of Florida/IFAS-Duval County
Dr. Phil Koehler, University of Florida/IFAS
Dr. Roberto Pereira, University of Florida/IFAS
Linda Prentice, Bug Out Services
Dr. Rebecca Baldwin, University of Florida/IFAS
Corrine McNeill, University of Florida/IFAS
Jennifer Leggett, Lindsey Pest Services
John Cooksey, McCall Service
Wayne Walker, University of Florida/IFAS
Margaret Huelsman and Indra Frank
[email protected]
1915 W. 18th St. Indianapolis, IN 46202

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