Republic of Moldova

Report
Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade
Agreement RM-UE:
first results and new perspectives
Ministry of Economy
Chisinau, 2015
Republic of Moldova:
advantageous economic geo position
Regional integration efforts of the
Republic of Moldova
Member
OMC
Member
CEFTA
Free Trade
Agreement
RM-Turkey
Association
Agreement
RM-UE
UE ATP+
GSP
Member
CSI
DCFTA
EU
CEFTA
CSI
505 mln.
pers.
22 mln.
pers.
279 mil.
pers.
Market
Access
806 mil.
pers.
Evolution of international trade
Mln. USD
5317
5492.69
5213.05
6000
5000
4000
3000
2399.03
2161.78
2339.5
2000
1000
0
2012
2013
2014
-1000
-2000
-3000
-3051.27
-3093.66
-4000
Export
Import
Balance of trade
-2977.5
Import of goods
Statistics by group of countries
(% from whole import)
Export of goods
Statistics by group of countries
(% from whole export )
UE
CSI
other countries
UE
60
Other countries
50
53.3
50
CSI
45
47.3
46.9
48.3
45
44.5
40
42.9
40.5
35
40
31.2
30.5
30
31.4
30
24.5
24.3
25
27.3
24.4
20
20
15.3
15
12.2
10.2
10
10
5
0
0
2012
2013
2014
2012
2013
2014
Moldova's main trading partners in the EU
2014
Export
18,5%
Romania
54.5%
10,6%
5,9%
4,6%
2.8%
1.6%
1,4%
Italy
Germany
Great
Britain
Poland
Bulgaria
France
Other
countries
Import
60,8%
15,6%
8,1%
6,9%
3,0%
2,2%
1,7%
1.6%
Romania
Germany
Italy
Poland
Austria
France
Hungary
Other
countries
The evolution of trade with the EU
(september-november 2014)
September
October
November
3000
Mii MDL
2500
2000
1500
1000
500
0
Apple
Frozen
sweet corn
Table
grapes
Plums
Corn
Wines
Beet sugar
Wheat
Barley
September
37
60
150
175
234
1137
1386
1646
2221
October
143
173
293
178
1748
1571
487
1589
1164
November
155
0
786
17
1043
2967
1344
2591
223
The defining factors for assessing DCFTA’s potential
impact on Moldovan’s exports
 The difficulty of economic entities to redirect
immediately their exports to EU market, in the context
of Russian embargo.
 The reduced capacities of economic entities to adapt
their products/services to the requirements of the EU
market.
 The ineligibility of RM to export goods of animal
origin to EU market.
Harnessing the full benefits of the DCFTA ‘s regime
 The extension of DCFTA’s applicability on goods of animal origin
through implementation of DG SANCO’s recommendations,
DCFTA’s provisions and finalization of institutional reform in the
field of food safety in order to obtain status of exporting country
to EU market.
 Improving the quality system in the country in order to increase
the competitiveness of goods on foreign markets.
 The implementation and insurance of a functional system in the
standardization, metrology and conformity assessment fields.
Pan-Euro-Mediterranian cumulation
 Creation of diagonal cumulation zone between 42 countries;
 European Union(28 countries);
 Marocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan;
 Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway and Switzerland (EFTA);
 CEFTA countries (Bosnia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania,
Kosovo);
 Turkey.
The scope of Pan-Euro-Med
 Creating Free Trade Area in pan-euro-mediteranean space;
 Liberalization of rules of origin will:
- Provide opportunities for the supply of raw materials;
- Create new markets for raw materials;
- Stimulate investments in the region.
 Harmonization of rules of origin.
DCFTA benefits for exporters
 Unlimited access, without import tariff restrictions on the Community










market of agricultural and industrial products;
Elimination of customs tariffs;
Secure perspectives for developing and stimulating of common business;
Clear perspectives for export of animal products;
Taking over the European standards and the norms of the quality
infrastructure;
Free and unconditional access to the Community market of services;
Development of the national legislative framework in the field of
competition;
Expansion and coverage of protection over subjects of intellectual property;
Consolidating the efforts in various fields in accessing on the foreign
markets;
Refocusing from trade to production;
The possibility of granting technical and financial assistance from the EU.
The tool for achieving the
AA and DCFTA’s provisions
In order to achieve the engagements undertaken by
signing the Association Agreement,
the Government of RM has approved:
The National Action Plan for implementation of
Association Agreement RM-EU 2014-2016
(Government Decision no. 808 /2014).
The plan is very ambitious one and provides concrete
actions for each Chapter of the Agreement.
The main results in implementation
of DCFTA
Progress has been made in areas like:
1. Market access for goods:
 Law no. 172 /2014 for approval of Combined Nomenclature of goods;
 Government Decision no.971 /2014 (Regulation on the administration of tariff quotas on
the import / export of goods);
 The implementation of “ASYCUDA WORLD”
2. Technical barriers to trade:
 Have been approved a series of Governments decisions on market surveillance, general
safety of products, technical regulations fields.
3. Sanitary and phytosanitary issues:
 Have been transposed a series of important European Directives referring to measures
necessary for protection of health and life of humans, animals or plants.
The main results in implementation
of DCFTA (2)
4. Customs and trade facilitation:
 Has been instituted a inter-ministerial Working Group which aim is to ensure the
implementation of the DCFTA’s provisions referring to customs policies;
 Have been issued 54 AEO Certificates;
 Have been approved a series of decisions (Customs Service) on promoting electronic
export declaration procedure;
5. Trade in services:
 The National Strategy for Information Society Development “Digital Moldova 2020”
approved;
 Government Decision no. 701/2014 for approval of Methodology open government
publishing the data methodology;
 The draft of “Post law” is in process of examination by Government;
6.Trade-related energy issues.
 Has been approved the Methodology of calculation and application of tariffs for natural
gas;
 Have been elaborated different Regulations in the energy field.
Government’s priorities for 2015
 Ensure the uniform implementation of the new law on the
Combined Nomenclature of goods;
 Approval of amendments to national legislation in order to
transpose the obligations deriving from DCFTA (i.e. Article
195 (1)) by prohibiting parties, from January 1th of the year
following the entry into force of the Agreement, to apply
administrative charges having an effect equivalent to
customs duties import or export licenses and other fees.
 To increase transparency in the administration of tariff
quotas by posting a clear and accessible information for
economic entities.
 Strict monitoring and fulfillment of the conditions of
obtaining the right to export to the EU of animal products
(poultry and eggs).
Government’s priorities for 2015 (2)
 The completing of internal procedures for
accession to the Convention on preferential rules
of origin PanEuroMediterranian. (Ratification).
 Speed up the adoption and implementation of the
Law on Public Procurement.
 The continuation of efforts to join the EA MLA
Multilateral Recognition Arrangement.
 Identifying solutions on the application DCFTA in
the Transnistrian region.
Thank you for attention!!!
Tel. 250 554
250 606

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