Assault Breaching System Technologies

Report
MINWARA
Spring 2011
Regional Conference
Mr. Brian Almquist
Ocean Engineering & Marine Systems
Office of Naval Research
brian.almquist@navy.mil
(703) 696-3351
DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.
Enabling Capability: MCM for
Maneuver
Assure Access to Enable OMFTS/STOM
2011 MINWARA
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Ship-To-Objective Maneuver
• Capabilities:
– Wide area surveillance to enable maneuver
– Clandestine reconnaissance to prepare the battlespace
– Rapid overt mine and obstacle reconnaissance
– Data Fusion to accelerate the planning process
– Timely MCM common tactical picture to enable maneuver
– Stand-off breaching of mines and obstacles in BZ/SZ
– Stand-off neutralization of individual mines in VSW
– Autonomous, high speed compact influence sweep
– Precision localization and navigation from VSW to BEZ
– Rapid Follow On Clearance
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Mine and Obstacle Breaching
S&T Strategy
Develop a Precision Breaching Capability
• Key enablers include ISR, Weapon Precision Guidance, and
Precision Navigation
• Delivery by Naval TACAIR, USAF Bombers
Spiral Development Approach
• JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS): Precision guided
bombs for surface laid BZ/SZ mines and obstacles
• Advanced Warhead Development: Countermine darts with
greater kill radius & effectiveness against buried BZ/SZ mines
• JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS): Extend BZ/SZ
capability to neutralization of VSW Mines
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2011 MINWARA
Mine & Obstacle Breaching
Systems Transitioned to PMS-495
JABS
Beach Zone / Surf Zone
Surface Laid Mines and Obstacles
MK-84
Standoff Delivery Platform
GBU-31(V)2/B
JDAM
Tail Kit
MODS
Beach Zone / Surf Zone
Surface Laid & Buried Mines
Dispenser
CM Darts
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2011 MINWARA
JABS in the VSW
Objective
10 msec
• Extend Breaching Capability
Previously Demonstrated in
the BZ/SZ to the VSW
15’
40’
25’
25 msec
Standoff Delivery
Moored / Bottom Targets
Effectiveness Issues
• Weapon Stability in VSW
• Time of Weapon Detonation
• Lethality against VSW Mines
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2011 MINWARA
JABS in VSW
• Lethality
– Live Weapons
– Moored and Bottom Mines
• Underwater Trajectory
– Inert Weapons
– Underwater Video
– Alignment of Impact Points
All Targets Were Neutralized
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Status
• JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS) for BZ/SZ
– Transitioned on 28 Feb 05
– Fielded via DOTMLPF CR*: Signed by JROC on 1 May 06
• Mine and Obstacle Defeat System (MODS)
– Transitioned on 30 Mar 07
– Successful Program of Record: Countermine System (CMS)
• JDAM Assault Breaching System (JABS) for VSW
– Updated Mission Planner
– Transitioned on 19 Oct 10
* Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel and
Facilities Change Recommendation
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2011 MINWARA
Spiral Development of COBRA*
• Block I (IOC / FY11)
–
–
–
–
Daytime Operations
Surface Mines
Obstacles
Detection in BZ
• Block II (IOC / FY15)
– Night Operations
– Detection in Surf Zone
• Block III (IOC / FY18)
– Buried Mines
* Coastal Battlefield Reconnaissance and Analysis
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Complex Detection Issues
Beach Zone (BZ)
False Alarms
Contrast
Burial
Dynamic Boundary
Surf Zone (SZ) and Very Shallow Water (VSW)
Foam, Glint, Waves, Clutter, Turbidity, Currents
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Rapid, Overt, Airborne, Reconnaissance
(ROAR)
• COBRA Block II
BZ
Multispectral
– Night Operations
– Detection in Surf Zone
• Active Multi-spectral
– Day/Night Operations
– BZ/SZ
SZ/VSW
Monochrome
• Optimized for Surf Zone
• True 3-D LIDAR System
• Multi-look Scan Pattern
for Operations in HighClutter SZ Environment
• Compact for TUAV
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2011 MINWARA
ROAR is True 3-D LIDAR
3D Camera
Data Cube
Flying Spot
Single
Voxel
Range-Gated
Camera
STIL
Provides Superior
Performance for UAV
Applications
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2011 MINWARA
ROAR Flight Test
3-D Camera Data
Depth Slices (6 of 44)
Intensity
Object
Water Line
Point Cloud
Water
Water
LineSurface
Object Below Water Line
Rotated Image of Object
3-D Flash LIDAR Supports Development of Real-Time
Target Recognition Algorithms
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2011 MINWARA
ROAR Flight Test
ROAR System
Integrated on Helicopter
Eglin Test Site
ROAR System
Demonstrated Day/Night Automated
Detections in the BZ / SZ
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Tactical UAV Sensors for Detection of
Buried Minefields in the BZ
• Objective
– COBRA Block III Performance Objectives
– Buried Mine Field Detection
– Beach Zone (BZ)
• Program Description
– Active and Passive Imagers
– Laser Interferometric Sensor
Complete Burial
• System Issues
–
–
–
–
Soil and Target Interaction
Soil Moisture and Water Coverage
Uniqueness of Target Signature
False Alarms
Dynamic Boundary
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Laser Interferometric Sensor
• Offers potential to detect
buried targets in wet and
dry sand environment
• System combines an
acoustic source to excite
the target and the
surrounding area with a
laser-based electro-optic
imaging technique
• Measures the differences
in the mechanical
response of the ground
directly above a buried
target with that of the
surrounding area.
Laser-Based
Electro-Optic
Imager
Acoustic
Source
Burial Depth
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2011 MINWARA
Laser Interferometric Sensor
Static Tests
• Natural Environment
• Acoustic Source on the Ground
• Detected Buried Mines
• Clutter Yielded “No Signal” or a
Significantly Distorted Pattern
• Consistent Results
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Laser Interferometric Sensor
1st Flight Test
Acoustic Source
Target Field
Sensor
Detected Buried Anti-Tank Mines and IED-Type Targets
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Status
Rapid Overt Airborne Reconnaissance (ROAR)
• Transitioned Technology to PMS-495 (28 April 2011)
Laser Interferometric Sensor (LIS)
• Preparations are Underway for a Second Flight Test
– Sensor & acoustic source will be onboard the helicopter
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2011 MINWARA
Precision Assault Navigation and
Assault Lane Marking
Objective
• Demonstrate Precision Navigation for
MCM Assets Operating in the Littorals
Description
• Virtual Marking of Lanes / Obstacles
– Augmented Reality Virtual Common
Operational Picture (ARVCOP)
• Higher Accuracy GPS Positions
ARVCOP
GPS
– MCM Precision GPS Ephemeris
Distribution System (MCM PGE DS)
GPSOC
Effectiveness Issues
• Update frequency of orbit and clock data
• Accuracy of GPS Positions and Attitudes
• Combined Navigation and Imagery Data
Gateway
TCS
MCM PGE DS
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MCM PGE Distribution System
Fire Scout
GPS
• Position Accuracy
 1 meter RMS
• Target Location Error (TLE)
 2-3 meters RMS
Worldwide
AF & NGA
GPS
Tracking
Sites
GPSOC
SIPRNET
MCM TCS
AAV with ARVCOP
SIPRNET
• Cross Track Error (CTE)
 4 m (mean), STDEV 2.9 m
EPLRS COM LINK
Precision Navigation Reduces Amount of
Ordnance Required to Breach Assault Lanes
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Status
• ARVCOP
– Transitioned on 7 Jun 10
– PMS-495 awarded TSI a contract to install units on AAVs
• MCM PGE Distribution System
– Working with PMS-495, Army and NGA* to implement onto BFT
node on the global communications network
– NGA continuing development of compatible software that will
provide future accuracy enhancements
* National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
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Detection and Neutralization of Surface and
Near-Surface Drifting/Oscillating Mines
Surface / Near-Surface Drifting
and Oscillating Mines
MOORED
MOORED
MOORED
Stationary
BOTTOM
BOTTOM
BOTTOM
Drifting Mines Change Locations Making
Reacquisition Impossible
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Compact Modular Sensor / Processing Suite
(CMSS)
•
•
•
•
Synthetic Aperture Radar
Passive Electro-Optic (EO)
Integrate
3-D Flash LIDAR
Onboard Classification
• Wide-Area Detection, Classification, Localization
• In-Situ Characterization of the Environment
• Real-time, Onboard Classification
Integrate
Coordinate
Enables Concurrent Detection & Neutralization
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Mine Drift Prediction TDA
• Oceanographic Models
– Waves, Winds, Currents
• Drift Models
– Models for Drift of Objects
• Remote Sensing Algorithms
– Directional Wave Spectrum
Onboard Prediction
of Mine Drift
Stand-Alone Software Service Compatible with
MIW C2 (e.g. MEDAL-EA, EPMA and NSAM)
Predicted Surface Currents
MEDAL Bathymetry Database
Tailored Tactical Picture
Enable Real-Time Adaptable MCM Operations in
Areas Threatened by Drifting Mines
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Summary
• Transitions Have Contributed to Closing Gap
– Capacity/Capability to Clear Large Areas of Mines
• Transitions Completed Since Last Meeting Include:
– ROAR
– JABS (VSW)
– ARVCOP
– MCM PGE Distribution System (Pending)
• UAV-Deployed Sensor for Buried Mines – Ends in FY11
– Significant Discovery for Standoff Detection
– Other Organizations Interested in the Technology
• New FY12 FNC Program for Drifting / Oscillating Mines
– Technology Transition Agreement (TTA) is in Staffing
– ONR BAA Should be Published by 1 June 2011
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2011 MINWARA
MINWARA
Spring 2011
Regional Conference
Mr. Brian Almquist
Ocean Engineering & Marine Systems
Office of Naval Research
brian.almquist@navy.mil
(703) 696-3351
DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited.
Movies
28
2011 MINWARA
ARVCOP AAV Test
Back
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2011 MINWARA
ROAR Flight Test
Back
30
2011 MINWARA
LIS Flight Test
Back
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JABS Flight Test
Back
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ROAR 3-D Water Tank
Back
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2011 MINWARA
ROAR Underwater Target Detection
Back
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2011 MINWARA

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