Ch 16 Insights w. answers

Ch 16/18 Insights
• ID- William Lloyd Garrison, Sojourner Truth (P 365) and Frederick Douglass
• Summary 1- Identify Garrison (using your own words!!!)
– White, bookish/dorky, frail/small
• Summary 2- How is Sojouner Truth different from Garrison (LOOK!!!)
– African/American woman, haggard (tough but worn)
• Summary 3- ID Douglass (using your own words!!)
– African/American male, handsome, well spoken, smart
OI- Early Abolitionism, Radical Abolitionism (Abolitionism is the movement to end
1) How did the American Colonization Society try to solve the problem of slavery?
Sending ex-slaves back to Africa
Liberia- country settled by US in Africa for former slaves
2) Why was that solution a problem for African-American slaves by 1860?
American slaves were no longer African but Native born African/American
What American influences do you see in the pictures? Is Liberia a good solution or
• 3) Think- Why do you feel William Lloyd Garrison’s newspaper “The
Liberator” was a dramatic step forward in the abolitionist
– First newspaper that informed white people of the evils of slavery
• 4) What did David Walker’s Appeal to Colored Citizens of the World
– That African-Americans should rise up and fight back against whites
• 5) Where did Douglass feel the solution to “end the blight of slavery
“would come from?
– Political action/ government
– What group in society do you feel will be needed to end slavery in US? (Whites,
blacks, government)
• ID- Stop on an Underground Railroad (p 394), Harriet Tubman (p395)
• Summary 4- Describe how this house was a stop on the Underground
– Had a hidden room so slaves could hide in daytime.
• Summary 5- ID Harriet Tubman (in your own words!)
– African-American woman, understated, normal
• OI- Sectional Balance and the Underground Railroad
• 6) Why would the admission of California upset the South?
– It would upset the balance between 15 free states and 15 slaves
• 7) What was the Underground Railroad?
– A series of safe houses to help slaves escape to Canada
• 8) What did the South want to counter the Underground Railroad?
– A stronger fugitive slave law to return runaway slaves to the
• 9) Explain- Was the Underground Railroad successful? (Use evidence
or logic to back your answer)
– Not really, UG only helped around 1000 slaves escape each year
out of 2 million, plus more slaves gained freedom by buying
themselves or slaves master’s liberating slaves
– Yes, because UG worried slave owners that slaves were thinking
about escaping and losing property/investment
• ID- Compromise of 1850 (397)
• Summary 6- What state was admitted to the Union as a result of the Compromise
of 1850?
– California
• Summary 7- What important new LAW did the South gain from the Compromise of
– Fugitive Slave Law
OI- Balancing the Compromise Scales
10) Why did the North get the better deal from the Compromise of 1850?
North gained a new state w. 2 senators (more political power)
11) Identify two reasons northerners were against the Fugitive Slave Law?
1) Limit civil rights (slaves could not testify, could same law be extended to whites)
2) Northerners were open to receiving fines and jail for not returning slaves
12) Why was the Fugitive Slave Law such a “blunder” for the South?
FSL woke up anger in the North towards the South
• ID- The Gadsden Purchase (look at the map in the back of the book, two pages
from the back cover)
• Summary 8- What present day state the majority of the Gadsden Purchase located
– Arizona
• ID- Kansas and Nebraska, 1854 (407)
• Summary 9-What former territory was Ks and Ne a part of? (look at map at back of
– Louisiana Territory
Summary 10- Why is the 36’30’ line significant in regards to slavery?
Prevented the expansion of slavery North into the La. Territory
OI- Pacific Railroads Promoters and the Gadsden Purchase, Douglass’s Kansas
Nebraska Scheme
Gadsen Purchase- last bit of land added to US in AZ/NM
13) Why did the South want to purchase the land which would become the Gadsden
It would allow for a southern transcontinental RR route
14) How did the US manage to acquire the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico?
Purchase for $10 million (not war)
• 15) Where did Senator Stephan Douglas want the western railroad to end? Why?
– Chicago, Ill (so Chicago could become a major city and center of trade)
• 16) How did Douglas feel he could get the south to support his RR scheme?
– By extending slavery into an area it did not exist
• 17) How did Douglas’ plan interfere with the Missouri Compromise?
– Mo Compromise was repealed/ended
18) Why were northerners against the repeal of the Missouri Compromise?
Mo. Compromise was seen as an important document like the Constitution that
was just pushed aside
19) What was the most ‘durable blunder’ of the Missouri Compromise?
Repeal of the Mo. Compromise created the Republican Party
20) What “dissatisfied elements’ gathered together because of the Kansas-Nebraska
Republican party was comprised of ex- Whigs, Democrats, Free-Soilers (antislavery in the west), Know-Nothings (anti-immigrant), and other people against
the Ka/Neb. Act

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