nnuh_23_jan_20142 - Centre for Sustainable Healthcare

Report
Sustainable Healthcare Made Simple
Slide header 1
Maria Cooke, QIF for Sustainability
Health Education East of England
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NNUH
23rd January 2014
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Acknowledgements
From a slide set developed by:
James Smith, Emma Waters & Helena Jopling, Public Health Trainees East of England
NHS data from the NHS Sustainable Development Unit www.sdu.nhs.uk
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Objectives
• Definition
• Social, Environmental, Economic
Responsibility
• Why it is important for NHS organisations
• Good Corporate Citizenship
• New models of care
• What you can do
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What is Sustainable
Development?
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What is Sustainable Development?
• “The goal of
sustainable
development is to
meet the needs of
today without
compromising the
ability of others,
elsewhere and in the
future, to meet their
needs”
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Social
Environmental
Economic
Environmental Responsibility
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Social Responsibility
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What is Sustainable Development?
Put Simply…….
• To be socially and
environmentally
responsible within
financial constraints
– Now and in the
future
– From Individual and
Local to Worldwide
scale
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Social
Environmental
Economic
Why is it important for
NHS organisations?
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Why is it important for
NHS organisations?
•
•
•
•
Government policy
Public opinion
NHS is affecting the environment
Our environment affects our health
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Government Policy
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Government Policy
• Climate Change Act 2008
• Reduce CO2 by 80% of 1990 levels
by 2050
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(9%) in 2012.
For consistency, the chart below shows the same scope as previous NHS England carbon footprints
updated to 2012 and with a revised forecast to 2025.
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Carbon intensity factors for goods and services
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For the first time the procurement update includes the carbon intensity from a four region model
(UK, EU, China and rest of world). Previously input-output model used UK carbon intensities because
The following organisations have expressed their
support for a more sustainable, resilient and healthy
NHS, public health and social care system:
Allied Health
Professions
Federation
Association of
Directors of Adult
Social Services
Association of
Directors of Public
Health
Association of
London Councils
Academy of
Medical Royal
Colleges
British Medical
Association
Care Providers
Alliance
Chartered
Institute of
Environmental
Health
Care Quality
Commission
Health Education
England
Health Watch
England
Health & Social
Care Information
Centre
Local Government
Association
NHS England
National Institute
for Health and
Care Excellence
NHS Property
Services
NHS Trust
Development
Authority
Public Health
England
Royal College of
Nursing
Royal College of
Midwives
Royal
Pharmaceutical
Society
Society of Local
Authority Chief
Executives
Social Partnership
Forum
Trade Union
Congress
NHS
Confederation
Department of
Health
Department of
Energy & Climate
Change
Department for
Environment,
Food and Rural
Affairs
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A National Sustainable
Health and Social Care
Policy
A national Sustainable Health and Social Care policy
developed by the NHS Sustainable Development
Unit will be launched on January 29th
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The following organisations, groups and networks
were part of the consultation and engagement
process which informed the development of the
national strategy:
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Public Opinion
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2 Surveys
• The Health and Social Care sector should place
higher importance on working sustainably
• Ipsos Mori Public Opinion Poll 89%
• Survey of Healthcare Students and Trainees
2013 84%
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Health and the Environment
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Although climate change can
cause illness and death directly...
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...there are MUCH greater health risks from:
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Why is it important for
NHS organisations?
•
•
•
•
•
Government policy
Public opinion
NHS is affecting the environment
Our environment affects our health
NHS is not sustainable
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Unsustainable Healthcare
Increasing
Chronic
Disease
Patient
Expectations
Ageing
Population
Limited
Resources
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Increasing
Regulation
Healthcare
Science &
Technology
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Unsustainable Healthcare
Social
Environmental
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Economic
An Opportunity for
Change
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Where do we start?
Quality Care
Maintain / Improve
Social
Make no worse /
Improve
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Environmental
Economic
Cost neutral / Save
money
Good Corporate Citizen
•
•
•
•
•
Travel
Energy
Water
Waste
Also encompasses
• Workforce behaviour
• Community
engagement
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Local Evidence
Student & Trainee Survey
CO2 Footprint of ARCP
•
If every specialty trainee attended
Fulbourn once a year for ARCP –
151,560 miles and produce 55,926kg
CO2 equivalent.
Carbon Footprint of Training (Commuting)
•
One PH Trainee travelled
approximately 11,500 miles in a year,
producing 2000kg CO2e
•
If all 1904 trainees travelled to this
extent it would result in 21,896,000
miles per annum and 3,808,000 kg
CO2e
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Sustainability at NNUH
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Sustainability at NNUH
“The Trust recognises that it has a responsibility to demonstrate to patients, visitors and Norfolk
as a whole, that it is prepared to take a dominant stance regarding sustainable
environmental and social policies and practices”
Initiatives:
• Park & Ride (20% increase in
staff bus travel)
• Bicycle purchase (238
people)
• Energy saving (Switch off
campaign, automatic power
down software)
• Waste (313 tonnes saved
from landfill, Recycling 15%
increase)
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25 Sustainability
Champions
Sustainability Manager:
Gillian Lee extn 3909
Theatre Waste Project
• Starting in January
• Yellow vs Clear bags
• Weighing waste
Every Can Counts
• Want to recycle the
46,000 cans sold pa
Health & Wellbeing initiatives
Website
Events for Earth Day,
Environment Week & NHS
Sustainability Day
Sustainable Healthcare
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NHS breakdown – detail
Category
Carbon emissions breakdown
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Electricity
Building energy
use and direct
Fossil fuels (Gas, Coal and Oil)
2012 (MtCO2e)
%
2.0
8%
2.1
8%
Look at healthcare differently:
• New models of
care
• Quality Care
• Minimise
environmental
impact
• Within budget
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Social
Environmental
Economic
Four Principles of Sustainable Clinical
Practice
1.
Disease prevention and health promotion—to minimise the need for healthcare.
2.
Patient education and empowerment—reducing disease progression, pre-empting
complications and improving coordination of care by giving patients a greater role in
managing their own condition.
3.
Lean service delivery—targeted, evidence-based use of investigations, referral and
interventions, supported by better use of IT to reduce duplication and unnecessary
travel.
4.
Low carbon—preferential use of modes of treatment and medical technologies with
lower environmental impact
(Frances Mortimer, Centre for Sustainable Healthcare)
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Disease prevention and
health promotion
More Health, Less Healthcare
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Disease prevention and health promotion
Increased Active Travel
Reduce:
Type II DM
Dementia
IHD
CV Disease
Cancers
Saving £17 billion
James Jarrett et al
Norwich Medical School, University of Cambridge,
London School of Hygiene and Tropical
Medicine
www.thelancet.com Vol379 June 2012
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Patient education and
empowerment
80% of Poorly Controlled patients
moved into Well Controlled
category.
5% improvement TTR across UK
would:
Prevent 500 strokes
Save £6,000,000
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Lean service delivery
Five things that do not add value
1.
Patients having to come to hospital on different days for different tests.
2. Time spent finding the necessary equipment or information.
3. Time spent doing things again, such as the paperwork or diagnostic tests.
4. Unnecessary appointments and follow ups in outpatients (the same as 1).
5. Unnecessary diagnostic tests and re-doing diagnostic tests.
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Lean service delivery
Results Letters
Bradford Haematuria Service
Negative results by letter rather than follow up
appointment.
Saved 300 clinic slots a year.
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Low carbon
Metered Dose Inhalers
Hydrofluorocarbons
Greenhouse gas effect 3800 times greater
than CO2
Switch to dry powder
Reduce metered dose inhalers from 70% to
25% in UK
Reduce emissions by 1.3million tonnes
Toby Hillman SpR Respiratory Medicine
BMJ 2013
http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f3359
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Your role:
• Look, notice, ask questions, make
suggestions
• Join up – groups / teams / networks
• Put carbon savings into business cases
• Make health a priority
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Take Home Messages
• Carbon is a cost
• Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
• More Health,
• Less Healthcare
• New models of care
– Co benefits / Triple bottom line
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Thank You
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NNUH Sustainability Manager:Gillian Lee extn 3909
HEEoE: Maria Cooke
maria.cooke3@nhs.net
or sustainabilityeoe@gmail.com
Facebook Group:
Sustainable Healthcare East of
England
References
http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/media/pdf/t/r/UK.pdf
http://www.sduhealth.org.uk/documents/Carbon_Footprint_summary_NHS_update_2013.pdf
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(09)60935-1/fulltext?_eventId=login
Mahmood Bhutta, 2014. The Human Cost of Healthcare. Available at:
http://aaobulletin-365.ascendeventmedia.com/article/4061/
Medical Fair and Ethical Trade Group, BMA
www.fairmedtrade.org.uk
Frances Mortimer 2010 The Sustainable Physician
http://www.rcplondon.ac.uk/sites/default/files/clinmed10.2_110-11.pdf
James Jarrett, 2012 Effect of increasing active travel in urban England and Wales on costs to the National Health
Service. Available at:
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)60766-1/abstract
Toby Hillman2013 Inhaled drugs and global warming: time to shift to dry powder inhalers
http://www.bmj.com/content/346/bmj.f3359
Jeff Walker A Review of Self-Testing Patients: How Are They Doing?
Posted on December 23, 2013 by ACSMA
http://www.acsma.org.uk/a-review-of-self-testing-patients-how-are-they-doing/
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