PSYB2 Individual Differences

Report
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• Behaviourists believe that anxiety disorders
are learned. How might it be possible to
unlearn them?
We are learning how to...
Apply psychological ideas
Evaluate psychological
therapies
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We are learning about...
Behaviourist treatments
for anxiety disorders
Behavioural treatments for anxiety
• Treatment aims to extinguish the association
between the anxiety provoking situation and
the patient’s responses to it
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– Phobia – flooding & systematic desensitisation
– OCD – exposure with response prevention (ERP)
Flooding
What does the patient have a phobia of?
How does the therapist treat the phobia?
How long does it take?
How does it work
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•
•
•
•
Flooding
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• Video of flooding on YouTube:
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lMZ5o2ur
uXY
Flooding
Exposure
starts
Association
is broken
Time
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Anxiety level
• Prolonged, high-level exposure to phobic
stimulus
Systematic desensitisation
Construct a
hierarchy
of fearful
situations
Teach the
client how
to relax
Graduated
exposure
to phobic
stimulus
Systematic desensitisation
• In pairs…
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– Pick a particular phobia to treat
– Identify six phobic situations
– Arrange them in order of severity
Treatment for OCD
• Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)
• Can be gradual (like SD) or sudden/intense
(like flooding)
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– The patient is exposed to the situation that
triggers obsessive anxiety
– They are prevented from carrying out their
compulsion
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• How would you rather have your anxiety
treated – systematic desensitisation or
flooding? Why?
Evaluating a treatment
–Time – how long to complete?
–Effectiveness – how likely to work?
–Acceptability – is it OK with the patient?
–Relapse – will the problem come back?
–Side effects – any unwanted consequences?
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• Remember TEARS!
Selling behaviourism
• Design an advert for the behavioural therapy of
your choice:
• Your advert should explain, in everyday language,
how the treatment works. It should also
convince the reader of the merits of the
treatment (TEARS). Use your textbook for more
information.
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– Systematic desensitization
– Flooding
– ERP

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