Institution of Civil Engineers

Report
Institution of Civil Engineers
Engineering
Ethics Toolkit
Presented by the President’s Apprentices
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Engineering Ethics
Toolkit
ICE President’s
Apprentices 2012/13
Hayley Sharp, DFID
Cath Inglesfield, Mott MacDonald
Sanaya Kerawala, Mott MacDonald
Conall Doherty, Buro Happold
Mark Sanders, CH2M Hill
Richard Smith, Thames Water
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Overview
•
•
•
•
•
•
Our Aims
What is ethics?
Survey results
Toolkit Introduction
Key messages
Tonight's workshop
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Aims
• To launch an ethics initiative that
will engage Civil Engineers at all
levels
• To develop a toolkit to provide
guidance to engineers making
difficult decisions
Our Vision: To get people talking about ethics in Civil Engineering
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Results from members survey
Ethics Survey Results
Responses by Level of
Experience
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Responses by Location
200
175
150
125
100
75
50
25
0
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
5
What is ethics in engineering?
• Being professional
• Acting with integrity
• Abiding by legislation
• Balancing sustainable
development needs
• Considering Health and Safety
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Results from members survey
Do you get involved in the
Ethics Survey
ethical challenges facing
your company?
Results
Should the ICE be doing more
to promote ethics?
No
6%
Yes
27%
No
39%
Not sure
25%
Yes
69%
Somewhat
34%
81% of respondents were aware of the ICE Code of Professional Conduct however only
11% had referred to it in a professional situation!
62% of respondents want to see more online ethics resources and example case studies
relevant to them and their work.
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
7
Results from members survey
Key
100%
90%
Engineers should take a proactive role in
considering, understanding and making informed
ethical decisions about projects they work on
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
Engineers should not have to focus on ethical
issues but it is important for them to have an
understanding if the need arises
Engineers should be able to focus on technical
work if that is their role, whilst allowing other
people to consider ethical implications of a project
58% of respondents have
worked professionally
outside of the UK
35% of respondents are
members of other
professional institutions
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
7
Results from members survey
80%
70%
“I would challenge the
decision internally. If
challenge is rejected,
consider whether you wish
to stay with company.”
60%
50%
40%
30%
“I think one has to
accept the decision or
resign.”
20%
10%
0%
“Use the company's internal
processes to flag up the issue
and seek information /
clarification on their
decision.”
“Try to understand the root
cause for the decision.”
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Carry through the
decision
Challenge or defy the Report my company to
decision
the relevant
professional body
Graduates + junior engineers
Engineers + Senior engineers
"Please imagine that your company makes a decision
which you believe is unethical. What course of action do
you think an engineer at your company would be most
likely to take?"
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
9
Rules of Professional Conduct
Notifying
the ICE
6
Continued
Professional
Development
1
5
2
4
Sustainability
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Integrity
Competency
3
Public
Interest
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
10
Decision Making Flowchart
Ethical Guidance for Individuals
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
1
Ethics in Your Organisation
Ethical Guidance for Employers
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
1
ICE Ethics Website
ice.org.uk/ethics
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Key Messages
1. Being ethical is being professional
2. Ethical issues are responsibility
of all individuals
3. Always challenge and question!
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Acknowledgements
The Apprentices would like to thank:
Rob Lawlor, Lecturer in Applied Ethics,
Inter-Disciplinary Ethics Applied Centre,
University of Leeds
Barry Clarke, ICE President 2012/13 and
Professor of Civil Engineering
Geotechnics, University of Leeds
The Apprentices would also like to
thank their organisations for their
support:
Atkins, Buro Happold, CH2M HILL, Mott
MacDonald & Thames Water
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Tonight’s Chairs
1
4
Barry Clarke
Rob Lawlor
ICE President
Lecturer of Applied
Ethics, Leeds University
Peter Hansford
Government Chief
Construction Adviser
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
5
Martin Baggs
Chief Executive Officer,
Thames Water
2
Keith Clarke
Director of Sustainability,
Atkins
6
Guy Leonard
Managing Director,
Mott MacDonald
Institution of Civil Engineers
3 Richard Coackley
Former ICE President
Director, URS
7
David Balmforth
ICE Vice President
Director, MWH
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Tonight’s Workshop
19.10 – 19.15
Chairs introduce ethical case studies
19.15 – 19.40
Tables discuss case studies, note down key arguments
Consider the Toolkit:
ICE Rules of Professional Conduct
Decision Making Flowchart
19.40 – 19.55
Tables present findings
19.55 – 20.00
Closing remarks by Barry Clarke
20.00 – 20.45
Networking and drinks reception
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
1
Case Study 1: Health, Safety & Wellbeing
You notice that a junior colleague appears to be suffering from significant
stress levels as a result of a high level of responsibility on a very sensitive
project. Over a brief discussion with your manager, you learn that the
project is under-resourced and that your colleague has barely slept for
over a week. Your manager appears reluctant to commit more resources
to the job as the profit margin is already quite low and the division within
the business is struggling.
Your manager mentions that many young engineers would grasp at the
chance to take on this level of responsibility so early on in their career
and that this is a fantastic opportunity for your colleague’s career
progression. Your manager mentions that your colleague is delivering the
project successfully and in any case there are only a few months
remaining on the contract.
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Case Study 2: Sustainability
You are on your company’s Board of Directors and currently deciding
whether to bid for work associated with the 2022 Fifa World Cup in
Qatar. The Board is divided. Some completely disagree with the principle
of Qatar hosting the world cup due to the blatant disregard for the
environment through such vast infrastructural development.
However, others refer to the economic and social components of
sustainability being beneficial to Qatar. Qatar is attempting to use its
resources and this global event to establish itself as a progressive nation
and as a catalyst for its own societal development.
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics
Case Study 3: Diversity
You have been asked by your manager to oversee the recruitment of 5
new graduates. As you are reviewing the applications, you notice that
only 3 women have applied for the job, compared to over 20 men. You
begin by shortlisting the applications based on merit alone and realise
that only 1 of the women actually meet the experience requirements,
compared with 12 of the men.
Your manager has previously advised that you consider the new
Engineering Diversity Concordant the company has agreed to. It must
now demonstrate its commitment to addressing the gender, ethnicity
and disability gap in the profession. A colleague advises that you select 2
women and 3 men for the role and that any inexperience can be quickly
made up for on the job.
Engineering Ethics Toolkit
Institution of Civil Engineers
www.ice.org.uk/ethics

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