Urology Review Questions PPT

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Urology Chapter 11
Hydronephrosis is:
• Enlargement of the kidney due to pressure
from urine
• Enlargement of the bladder due to pressure
from urine
• Kidney stone formation in the urinary
system
• Spasm of the smooth muscle of the ureters
or bladder as kidney stones scrape the
mucosa and cause pain
Hydronephrosis is:
• Enlargement of the kidney due to pressure
from urine
• Enlargement of the bladder due to pressure
from urine
• Kidney stone formation in the urinary
system
• Spasm of the smooth muscle of the ureters
or bladder as kidney stones scrape the
mucosa and cause pain
The presence of stones in the
urinary system is called:
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Hydronephrosis
Nephropathy
Nephrolithiasis
Nephroptosis
The presence of stones in the
urinary system is called:
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•
Hydronephrosis
Nephropathy
Nephrolithiasis
Nephroptosis
A congenital disease characterized by cysts in
the kidney that eventually destroy the nephrons
and cause kidney failure is:
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Polycystic kidney disease
Cystitis
Nephrolithiasis
Cystic fibrosis
A congenital disease characterized by cysts in
the kidney that eventually destroy the nephrons
and cause kidney failure is:
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Polycystic kidney disease
Cystitis
Nephrolithiasis
Cystic fibrosis
Excessive amounts of urea in the blood
because of renal failure is known as:
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Glomerulonephritis
Uremia
Nephroblastoma
All of the above
Excessive amounts of urea in the blood
because of renal failure is known as:
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Glomerulonephritis
Uremia
Nephroblastoma
All of the above
A hernia in which the bladder bulges through a weakness
in the muscular wall of the vagina or rectum is known as
a:
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Cystocele
Vesicocele
Vesicovaginal fistula
Both cystocele and vesicocele
A hernia in which the bladder bulges through a weakness
in the muscular wall of the vagina or rectum is known as
a:
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Cystocele
Vesicocele
Vesicovaginal fistula
Both cystocele and vesicocele
Glucose in the urine is an indication
of diabetes mellitus.
• True
• False
Glucose in the urine is an indication
of diabetes mellitus.
• True
• False
Scanty urine production is
called:
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•
Nocturia
Polyuria
Oliguria
Pyuria
Scanty urine production is
called:
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Nocturia
Polyuria
Oliguria
Pyuria
Hematuria is the presence of
what substance in the urine?
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Pus
Water
Blood
Ketones
Hematuria is the presence of
what substance in the urine?
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Pus
Water
Blood
Ketones
E. coli is the most common
cause of:
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Kidney stones
Hypospadias
Renal failure
Urinary tract infections
E. coli is the most common
cause of:
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Kidney stones
Hypospadias
Renal failure
Urinary tract infections
Involuntarily passing urine while sneezing,
coughing, or laughing is called:
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Urinary retention
Stress incontinence
Cystitis
Nocturia
Involuntarily passing urine while sneezing,
coughing, or laughing is called:
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Urinary retention
Stress incontinence
Cystitis
Nocturia
A urine culture and sensitivity is
done to identify the:
• Bacteria causing a kidney stone.
• Bacteria causing a UTI.
• Antibiotics that would be effective against the
bacteria.
• Both bacteria causing a UTI and antibiotics
that would be effective against the bacteria.
A urine culture and sensitivity is
done to identify the:
• Bacteria causing a kidney stone.
• Bacteria causing a UTI.
• Antibiotics that would be effective against the
bacteria.
• Both bacteria causing a UTI and antibiotics
that would be effective against the bacteria.
The pH of the urine is related to
the:
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Amount of blood in it
Color and odor
Amount of protein in it
Acidity or alkalinity
The pH of the urine is related to
the:
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Amount of blood in it
Color and odor
Amount of protein in it
Acidity or alkalinity
A urinometer is a/an:
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Procedure
Disease condition
Measuring device
Type of surgery
A urinometer is a/an:
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Procedure
Disease condition
Measuring device
Type of surgery
Crushing of kidney stones by the use of
sound waves is called nephrolithotomy.
• True
• False
Crushing of kidney stones by the use of
sound waves is called nephrolithotomy.
• True
• False
Placing a tube into the bladder in
order to drain the urine is called:
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Cystoscopy
Dialysis
KUB
Catheterization
Placing a tube into the bladder in
order to drain the urine is called:
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Cystoscopy
Dialysis
KUB
Catheterization
For a patient in end-stage renal failure, what
are two of the three things that can take the
place of the nonfunctioning kidneys?
• Hemodialysis or renal transplantation
• Peritoneal dialysis or catheterization
• Diuresis or catheterization
• Cystoscopy or hemodialysis
For a patient in end-stage renal failure, what
are two of the three things that can take the
place of the nonfunctioning kidneys?
• Hemodialysis or renal transplantation
• Peritoneal dialysis or catheterization
• Diuresis or catheterization
• Cystoscopy or hemodialysis
Both ren/o- and nephr/o- mean:
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Kidney
Bladder
Urine
Nephron
Both ren/o- and nephr/o- mean:
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Kidney
Bladder
Urine
Nephron
The suffix -scope means:
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The process of using an instrument to examine
Stone
Laboratory procedure
An instrument used to examine
The suffix -scope means:
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The process of using an instrument to examine
Stone
Laboratory procedure
An instrument used to examine
Which combining form means
stone?
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Calic/oCali/oCyst/oCalcul/o-
Which combining form means
stone?
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Calic/oCali/oCyst/oCalcul/o-
Which combining form means
bladder?
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Ur/oUrethr/oPyel/oVesic/o-
Which combining form means
bladder?
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Ur/oUrethr/oPyle/oVesic/o-
The word pyelonephritis can be
separated into:
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Prefix, combining form, and suffix
Prefix, combining form, and combining form
Combining form, suffix, and suffix
Combining form, combining form, and suffix
The word pyelonephritis can be
separated into:
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Prefix, combining form, and suffix
Prefix, combining form, and combining form
Combining form, suffix, and suffix
Combining form, combining form, and suffix
Drug Categories
• These categories of drugs are used to treat
urinary Diseases and Conditions:
– Antibiotic drugs
– Antispasmodic drugs
– Diuretic drugs
– Drugs for overactive bladder
– Potassium supplements
– Urinary analgesic drugs

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