Chapter 6x

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Chapter 6
Rules of the Road
Administrative Laws
 Each state has laws that enable state officials to control the
operation of the state’s HTS. Among the laws are
ADMINISTRATIVE LAWS, which establish the procedures for
issuing drivers licenses and learner’s permits and registering
motor vehicles.
 Other procedures cover the financial responsibilities of vehicle
drivers and owners and the minimum safety equipment and care
of a vehicle.
 **To drive and own a vehicle, you must obey your state’s motor
vehicle laws-beginning with obtaining a license to drive.
Comply with Administrative Laws
 Getting a driver’s license….. Pg 98 Write down the steps
 Violations and the point system….
 Certificate of Title- this proves that you own the vehicle. The certificate lists
the name of the owner and make, style, vehicle identification number (VIN),
and engine number of the vehicle.
 Vehicle Registration-You must register your vehicle with the state. You will
receive license plates and a registration form. Must renew every year or two
and keep in your vehicle at all times.
 Insurance- Must have! This shows that you can pay for damages you may cause
if you are in a crash that results in death, injury, or property damage to others.
Vehicle Registration and Title
 When you register your vehicle, you are providing the state with a
record of that vehicle. This registration allows you to use your
vehicle on Illinois roadways.
 To register your vehicle in Illinois, you must have an Illinois
Certificate of Title. (This document shows that you own
the vehicle.)
 All vehicles and mobile homes must have a Certificate of Title
whether or not they are registered.
 A purchaser of a vehicle must obtain registration for that vehicle
prior to its operation on the roadways.
Mandatory Insurance
 All motor vehicles operated in Illinois must be covered by liability
insurance. This pays for injuries or damages you may cause with
your vehicle to other persons or their property. Vehicle owners are
required to provide insurance information at the time of
registration renewal.
 Minimum liability insurance limits:
 $20,000 for injury or death of one person in a crash
 $ 40,000 for injury or death of more than one person in a crash
 $15,000 for damage of property of another person
Enforcement laws
 Random computer checks by the Secretary of State’s office and
traffic tickets. Penalties include:
 Minimum $500 fine for driving uninsured.
 Suspension of your vehicle registrations until the reinstatement fee is submitted
for a first offense. A repeat offenders face a four-month suspension. Your
vehicle may not be driven by anyone while its license plates are suspended. The
minimum fine for driving a suspended vehicles is $1,000
 $100 reinstatement fee and proof of insurance.
Right of Way
 Right of way is always given by someone. Sometimes you
will have to yield the right of way or let others go first.
 Right of way laws are the same in ALL states.
 Look at page 100 and 101
When should you yield the Right-ofWay?
 Yield to people that are blind and are carrying a white cane or
using a guide dog, no matter where they cross
 Yield to any pedestrians at the crosswalks.
 Yield to School buses that are loading or unloading students. You
MUST STOP and wait.
 Yield to any emergency vehicles.
 - If an emergency vehicle is coming in your lane move to the far right lane and
stop. You may then proceed once the emergency vehicle(s) have passed you. If
you are going in the opposite direction, you do not need to stop but you need to
move to the far right lane.
Speed Limits Help in Reducing Risk
 The most important requirements for safe driving are
visibility, time, and space.
 Speed limits are chosen to protect you and other drivers.
 What factors are speed limits decided on?
 The speed limit signs reflect the MAXIMUM speed at which
you can drive under the best conditions.
Types of Speed Limits
Advisory Speed Limit
Fixed Speed Limit
Kinds of Speed Limits
 Fixed Speed Limit
 -Maximum and Minimum speed that a vehicle. Drivers
may never legally travel at a speed faster than the
maximum posted speed. Drivers whose speed is greater
than the posted maximum speed can be arrested or
ticketed.
 -A vehicle driving below the minimum posted speed can
be dangerous to other drivers who must suddenly slow
down when they approach the vehicle.
Advisory Speed Limit
 All roads are not straight and flat, they have hills, curves,
and other changes in the road way.
 For example on Lake Shore Drive the posted speed limit
drops for the road to curve around the lake from 40mph
to 25mph.
Basic Speed Laws
 Regardless of the posted speed limit, you must always drive at a
speed that is reasonable and proper for existing conditions such as
weather, road, or traffic conditions.
 The HIGHER the Speed……
 -Less time the driver has to spot dangerous
situations and take actions
 -Greater the time and distance it takes to stop a
vehicle
 -Greater the chance the vehicle will skid or roll over
on a turn
 -Greater the force of impact will be in a collision
 -Greater the personal injuries and property damage
in a collision

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