Waste-to-Energy - Wilson Community College

Greg Russell
President, GARCO, Inc.
What is Waste-to-Energy (WTE)?
 Conversion of non-recyclable waste into useable
energy including:
 Heat
 Electricity
 Fuel
 Using processes that include:
 Combustion
 Gasification
The #1 WTE Benefit
 Converting non-recyclable materials into energy:
 Creating a renewable energy source out of waste
 Reducing and controlling carbon emissions
 Reducing methane gas generation in landfills
Other Benefits to Industry
 Waste management solution
 Waste recovery process
 Renewable energy
 Community Involvement
 Green house gas savings
 Potential long term cost savings
Where is Waste Generated?
 Possible sources for the WTE cycle come from:
 Industrial clients , Households, and basically
 Common waste forms include:
 Municipal solid waste
 Green waste (yard trimmings)
 Construction/demolition
 Special waste
 Waste that is normally landfilled
Where does it historically end?
 As an example, the Uwharrie Landfill:
 Has a daily permit for 3000 tons/day (on an annualized
basis of 365 days)
 Receives, on average, 2400 tons per day
 Resulting in a life expectancy of 27 years
 At the ECE (aka Bertie County) Landfill:
 The daily permit is 1600 tons/day (annualized)
 With an average of 1300 tons/day
 And a life expectancy of 25 years
Where can it end…(Typical WTE facility)
 Covanta WTE facility located in Lorton, Virginia
 Daily limit = 3,000 tons
 Non-ferrous metal recovery – Recycle
 80 megawatts of electricity created daily
 Meets the power needs for over 80,000 homes.
 Sales directly to Dominion Virginia Power Co.
Manufacturing Statistics?
 Only 6% of raw materials used in a typical
manufacturing process end up in the product.
94% of raw material end up as a scrap or waste.
After only 1 use, 80% of products are discarded.
Within 6 weeks of the sale of goods, 99% of the
original materials used become waste.
Waste is created much faster than it can be
reconstituted or recycled into useful resources.
Trash is a Terrible Thing to Waste
What is GARCO’s Process?
Receiving Facility’s Process?
Generate Power
Sell power to
WTE facility - Covanta
Grapple Loader
Control Panel
WTE Cycle
Trashy Options
What are GARCO Views?
 GARCO promotes WTE because:
 Client demands for alternative disposal solutions
 Zero Landfill Initiatives by our clients and industry
 Proven technology for waste management
 It’s the ultimate in Recycling
 Green Power Generation – It feels good
 Sustainable solution
 $4mm Investment by GARCO. This is a strong personal
Waste Handled at GARCO?
 Tire manufacturing waste
 Pharmaceutical waste
 Proprietary waste
 Cosmetic waste
 Packaging waste
 Industrial waste
Tire Manufacturing Waste
Proprietary Packaging
Industrial Waste
Consumer Products
WM Driver (note safety gear)
Earth Mover Tire – facility waste
Loading Shredder
Loading Shredder
Conveyor/Outbound Waste
Outbound Transportation
Quantities shipped from GARCO?
 In 2013, GARCO sent nearly 4,430 tons of shredded
rubber, facility blend, and other waste products to an
energy-generating facility.
 Through the first week of April 2014, GARCO has
shipped just over 2,625 tons, an increase of over 600%
for the same time period vs last year.
Just the facts! (based on high BTU waste)
 In 2013 GARCO avoided 8,860 tons of CO2 equivalent
 greenhouse gases.
 Generated 9,746,000 KWH of renewable electricity.
 Provided power for 10,170 homes for a month.
 Reduced the need for 4,430 tons of coal.
 Reduced the need for 744,240 gallons of fuel oil.

similar documents