The Connection between Anaerobic Metabolism and Dental Plaque

What is the Connection between
Anaerobic Metabolism and
Dental Plaque?
Jill Johnston
Dental Plaque
• Bacteria
• Polysaccharides form sticky colonies
• Plaque formation
• Anaerobic metabolism
-High Sugar Diets
-Carbohydrates: Sugars, Starches
-Examples: Candy, Fruit, Cake, Soft Drinks, Ice Cream
How it works…
Carbohydrates (Sugars and Starches)
Bacteria present in mouth utilize sugars ex: Sucrose
Acids (waste products) ex: Lactate & Pyruvate
Over time…
Overtime acid destroys tooth enamel, even dentin
rapid bacterial growth in holes made
Tooth Decay and/or Gingivitis
long term
Plaque on tooth roots, under gum, can cause breakdown of
bone and tooth support (Periodontal Disease)
Bacteria uses fructose to get energy
Lactic acid creates extra acidity to decrease the pH, which can dissolve the calcium
phosphate in the tooth enamel leading to the start of a cavity.
Over-view of Article
Sugar, Saliva, and Bacteria lead to tooth decay over time.
No Tobacco use
Good Diet
Home tests
Yearly exams/cleanings (PIC.)
Holistic treatments
-Gum Disease (Gingivitis)
-Tooth Decay
-Severe Gum Disease
(Periodontal Disease)
seems to be associated with:
*Heart Disease
* Dementia
*Heart attacks
*Premature birth
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Lepp PW, Brinig MM, Ouverney CC, Palm K, Armitage GC, Relman DA: Methanogenic
Archaea and human periodontal disease.Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2004, 101(16):61766181
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