Mimoun. Hadj and Boukhemkhem. Ali University of Boumerdes Algeria Email : [email protected] Aromatic hydrodecyclization of using catalysts based on molybdenum and tungsten supported on the Remblend of Kaolin( local clay based on bentonite) Abstract • what is the news of the study? What is the interest? our interest is eliminate the harmful effects of sulfur (reduce air pollution sulfur) improve quality for the recovery of the oil products what guidance track? synthesizing a catalyst ensuring to : open aromatic cycles reduce the aromatic content in fuels. Reduce the sulfur content in products the work is structured in three steps • 1-preparation and characterization of catalysts 2- use of catalysts prepared in the method craking 3-analyzes of the products obtained and discution 1-Introduction. • The very stringent specifications are adopted in several countries to minimize the negative harmful exhaust emissions impact. • Reducing the concentration of the sulfur content of the polycyclic aromatic compound in oils and diesel fuels. • The high and exigent demand for diezel refiners requires increased recovery of aromatic fractions from the catalytic cracking process using novel catalysts which provide aromatic hydrogenation followed by selective ring opening of naphthenes. 1.Introduction. The study consist of the valorization of petroleum fractions rich on polyaromatics diesel fuel using clay catalysts. is based on the change in the content of aromatics in terms of temperature, under constant hydrogen pressure preparation and characterization of catalysts This part is based on the preparation of two catalysts from the Kaolin Remblend. The first is monometallic, consisting of molybdenum Mo / Kaolin. second bimetal is composed of tungsten and molybdenum Mo-W / Kaolin . 1-Introduction. The kaolin used is subjected to physicalchemical analyzes to determine the mineralogical composition and physicalchemical and mechanical properties of the clay. 2-catalytic test performed on the prepared catalysts The second is to develop the petroleum fractions containing high levels of polyaromatic diesel fuel by the methods of déshydrodécyclisation aromatics using a vast catalysts prepared. Introduction. • A third part is devoted to the chromatographic analysis of products to develop the conversion and selectivity of catalysts . 2. Experimental • A series of analysis was performed to characterize the natural clay used as carrier for catalysts. • 2.1. Infrared spectroscopy Analys • Figure 1 : Infrared spectrum of natural Kaolin Remblend 40 %T 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1750 1500 1095,57 1384,89 0 1250 1000 750 500 1/cm 2. Experimental • • • • • • • • According the FTIR spectrum, the following bands are observed: 3400-3500 Cm-1: Broad band attributed to hydroxyl groups OH. 1630-1700 Cm-1: Assigned to the vibration of the water molecule. 752-789 Cm-1: Denotes the elongation of the vibration of Si-O-Al bond. 1095 Cm-1: Denotes the elongation of the Si-O bond. 540 Cm-1: Characterize the elongation of the Al-O-OH bond. 913 Cm1: Characterize the elongation of the Al-OH bond. 570 Cm-1: characteristic of the Si-O deformation binding  2. Experimental • 2.2. Mineralogical structure of the kaolinite • Mineralogical analysis was Scanning electron microscope PHILIPSE FX30. kaolin structure is shown below in figure 2 Figure 2 : MEB Image of natural kaolin Remblend 2. Experimental • The kaolinites are minerals clay formed by stacking sheets identical, of type 1: 1 of structural formula Si2Al2O5(OH)4. • 2. 3. Determination of the chemical composition. Data analysis of fluorescence X (XRF) is given by table 1 • table 1: Chemical composition of kaolin Remblend. 2. Experimental Figure 4 : Steps of catalysts preparation • Draying Kaolin Acide activation of Kaolin(HCl) Filtration and washing Air drying •Formatting impregnating the activated Kaolin by metal salts drying in an ovenat 180°C • Air drying calcination analys and test catalysis • Figure 5 : FTIR spectrum of the prepared catalysts 30 %T 25 20 15 10 459,06 5 4000 3500 3000 2500 2000 1750 1500 1091,71 1384,89 0 1250 1000 750 500 1/cm 3.1. Characterization of the catalysts used • 3.1. Characterization of the catalysts used • 3.1.1. Analysis by infrared spectroscopy • The catalysts obtained are characterized by infrared spectroscopy, the spectra obtained for the two catalysts have the same general shape, the observed bond are: • 3400-3500 Cm-1: Broadband attributed to hydroxyl groups OH. • 1630-1700 Cm-1: Assigned to the vibration of the water molecule. • 752-789-803 Cm-1: Denotes the elongation of the vibration of Si-OAl bond. • 1095-1171 Cm-1: Denotes the elongation of the Si-O bond. • 500-450 Cm-1: Denotes bands metal oxides. • 913 Cm-1: Characterize the elongation of the Al-OH bond • 570 Cm-1 : characteristic of the Si-O deformation  binding 3.1.2. Analysis by electron microscopy (SEM) Analys material • 3-analyzes of the products obtained and discution • The product used is the average aromatic, resulting from the process of aromatic extraction contained in the basic oils. We study the elemental composition of paraffins, olefins, naphthenes and aromatics, for that chromatographic analysis were performed by gas chromatography (GC). we are only interested by: P, O, N, A. The operating conditions : The catalyst was tested at different temperatures • at 450, 470, 490 and 540°C. • * Space velocity PPH = 2h-1. • * Hydrogen pressure = 6 bar Resultats discusion Catalytic tests performed on hydrodecyclization reactions of aromatics contained in the medium aromatic extract, led to the following results: • The Bimetallic catalyst (MoO3-WO3 / Kaolin) is more active than monometallic. • Under a pressure of 6 bar hydrogen, increases temperature leads to the formation of products derived from aromatic hydrocyclisation, but beyond the temperature of 490 ° C the cracking reaction are predominate. • Both catalysts show good activity for mercaptans. • The deposit of coke on the two catalysts becomes increasingly significant with increasing temperature, this coke poisons the catalysts.