Chapter 14 – Physical 4 – 6 – M

Height and weight: Growth rate from ages four to six is slightly slower
than from ages one to three. The average yearly increase by height from age's
four to six, is 2.5 inches to 3 inches. (6.4 to 7.6cm). Most children gain about 4
to 5 pounds (1.8 to 2.3) kg per year.
Four years
Five years
Six years
Between ages 4-6 a child's body becomes straighter and
slimmer, the protruding abdomen of the babyhood flattens,
shoulders widen and the neck becomes longer. The legs lengthen
and rapidly growing straighter and firmer. Childs balance and
coordination improve. The movements of arms, hands and fingers
become more coordinated, and the ability to do more precise
work is seen each year.
At age six children begin to lose permanent teeth. At that age the
molars or "First Molars" are the first of the secondary teeth or
appear. Those molars appear first as they act and lock to keep all
other teeth in position. Later when the child's front teeth are
replaced with larger secondary teeth, the molars prevent the new
front teeth from pushing other teeth far back into the jaw.
Most four to six year olds continue to suck their thumb,
usually for self-comforting. If a child keeps sucking their
thumb it can cause an effect of their teeth positioning and
shape of the jaw. If child does not stop when told ask a dentist
and they will recommend positive methods of stopping the
Four and five year olds show more improved Dexterity:
The skilled use of the hands and the fingers.
Average motor skills 4-6: At age 4 they learn to hop,
gallop, lace shoelaces, and dresses and undresses self.
Age 5: Ties shoelaces, draws/recognizes person, writes
alphabets, buttons, snaps and zips clothes. Most children this
age will leave out vowels. Example "dg" instead of dog and
"ct" instead of cat. They also start to recognize the letters in
their name through repetition of words in a classroom.
Age 6: Throws and catches ball with ease and more
accuracy, builds blocks/towers, writes entire word.
By age five most children consistently use their right or either
their left hand. The hand that is most often used for any type
of activity is the hand that becomes the most skillful. Some
researchers are still not certain how hand preference is
developed. Others think that it depends on which hand the
parents usually put objects into the first several years of life.
Snacks; snacks are not bad they contribute to the child's daily
needs. Snacks like cake and other sugary treats or drinks fail
to supply many of the nutrients such as proteins, vitamins and
minerals. Always feed your children fruits and vegetables.
Poor nutrition can have a number of bad effects. Children
with inadequate diets poor nourished children are easily
distracted and often lack motivation to learn. Don’t feed your
children too much sugary or fatty food.
Teaching children about good nutrition: One research study
showed how 4 and 5 year olds can be taught better eating habits.
Researchers also selected 5 of the least popular vegetables which
were asparagus, broccoli, rutabagas, spinach and turnips to use in
the experiment. Children also helped, clean, chop and cook these
vegetables for their own meal. At the end of the experiment, most
children ate vegetables.
Most children decrease the interest in washing, bathing, and
dressing. Always provide encouragement to your child tell
them that "we'll have dinner after you take a shower" or
"Terrific you smell fresh and clean" this makes the child
feel good about themselves and want to do it very often.
Usually 4, 5, and 6 year olds know how to dress themselves
independently. Some may need help with buttons or zipper
down the back.
When choosing clothing always make sure that; is it
comfortable, or is it flexible for the child to move around in?
It is necessary to have your child be comfortable in their own
clothing. It is also important to let your kid choose their own
clothes. Being happy with his or her outfit contributes to a
child’s self confidence.
Provide an Individual bed for each child usually encourages
better sleep habits. Most 4,5 and 6 year olds show less reluctance
to go to bed. Most children want their parents to read them a bed
time story before bed, and some children need a conversation or a
stuffed toy.
Child Development Textbook
My Aunt
Motor skills/ Writing skills
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