Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries

Report
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia
1.The UN in Cambodia
2.What is a “Middle Income Country”?
3.Role of the UN system in middle-income
countries
4.Q & A
Roles of UN in MICs_Ecole Royale Administration
25 February 2015
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia
1. The UN system
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/org_chart.shtml
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
1. The UN system in Cambodia
UN Secretary General
UNDP Administrator
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia
UN RC / UNDP RR
UN Country Team
UNDP Country Director
UNDP Country Office
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia
1. The UN system in Cambodia
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
2. What is a “Middle Income Country”?
The World Bank Classification: GNI per capita
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia
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Low income, $975 or less;
Lower middle income, $976 - $3,855;
Upper middle income, $3,856 - $11,905;
High income, $11,906 or more.
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
2. What is a “Middle Income Country”?
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Diverse group by size, population and income level,
5 of the world’s 7 billion people.
73% of the world’s poor people.
One-third of global GDP.
Major engines of global growth.
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia
BUT “Middle Income Trap”
• Inability to progress beyond the middle income level by
strengthening knowledge-based and innovation intensive
sectors of the economy.
• Weakness in economic governance institutions
• Lack of labor equipped with high-end skills
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
3. Challenges: Unfinished development agenda
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Socio-economic inequalities
Economic Governance
Environmentally Sustainable Growth and Development.
Democratic Governance
Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries
3. Opportunities
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Make future growth inclusive.
Increase productivity.
Increase women’s participation in the labour force.
Modernize development and governance institutions.
Bring about strategic and policy changes.
Develop financial resources.
Demographic window of opportunities.
4. Role of the UN system in MICs
Peace building
Project-oriented and technical in nature, and often
structured in reference to the MDGs and guided by
donor funding approaches and priorities.
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High-level engagement in policy advisory services.
4. Role of the UN system in MICs (Cont’d)
Policy advice
Advisory role and Convening role.
Advocacy and Normative role.
Strengthening capacity at national and subnational level.
• Knowledge generation, bank and broker role.
• Partnerships - Increasing fiscal space.
• Facilitating South-South cooperation.
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4. Role of the UN system in MICs (Cont’d)
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• Reliable disaggregated data
collection and analysis.
• Realize the demographic dividend.
• Assist in advancing environmental
protection.
• human rights and Gender equality
Cambodia transition to MIC – support from the UN
In Cambodia, the UN work on:
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5 UNDAF outcomes (2011-2015):
1. Economic Growth and Sustainable Development
2. Health and Education
3. Gender equality
4. Governance
5. Social protection
Cambodia transition to MIC – support from the UN
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Opportunity for UN cooperation in Cambodia in the
transition to MIC (2016-2018):
• Realising the demographic dividend.
• Human Rights based approach to the
analysis of democratic governance
deficit, inequality, vulnerability and
exclusion.
Some useful references:
 http://www.undg.org
 http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/org_chart.shtml
 http://europeandcis.undp.org/cd/show/10357C32-F203-1EE9B5EEC73D94D1A7AA
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 http://www.sela.org/DB/ricsela/EDOCS/SRed/2009/03/T02360
0003350-0-Third_Int._Conf._-_Cooperation_with_Middle_Income_Countries.pdf
 http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N07/299/21/PDF/N
0729921.pdf?OpenElement
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Thank You!
Q&A

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