Terrestrial igital TV broadcasting and Specstrum arrangement

Report
ITU-AIBD-ABU REGIONAL WORKSHOP
STRENGTHENING DIGITAL BROADCASTING EXPERIENCE
HA NOI, VIETNAM, 22-23 MAY 2011
Digital terrestrial TV and Spectrum
arrangement in Viet Nam
Mr. Doan Quang Hoan
General Director of Authority of Radio Frequency Management
Content





Overview on Viet Nam TV broadcasting
TV digitization in Viet Nam
Spectrum arrangement for DTV
The Digital Dividend
Summary
Overview on Viet Nam TV broadcasting
Viet Nam has 66 TV broadcasters:
- 3 nationwide TV broadcasters
- 63 local TV broadcasters
- 109 TV free-to-air program channels
So many local broadcasters! So many program channels!
More difficult to allocate the available frequency channels
to deploy DTV services
Overview on Viet Nam TV broadcasting
Market share of platform
CATV 1.56%
Analog terrestrial TV 76.5%
Digital terrestrial TV 12.5%
Sattelite DTH
TV digitization in Viet Nam
1. Benefits of TV digitization for Broadcasters
- Better quality of video and audio
- More channels, more services (Mobile reception,
mobileTV, HDTV, interactivity, data services)
- Local TV broadcasters may have larger service coverage
- DTV transmitter’s ERP requirement is lower
- DTV gives a chance to set up SFN
TV digitization in Viet Nam
2. Benefits of TV digitization for telecommunications
- Spectrum efficiency is high
- Digital Dividend. That is a big chance to deploy more
radio broadband services;
- The more Broadband services, the more multimedia
provided (such as Live TV channels, Interactive TV,
Time-shifted TV, Video on demand...)
The Economics Benefit of Broadband
1.38
High – Income Countries
1.12
Low – Income Countries
0.73
0.81
1.21
0.77
0.6
0.43
Fixed- Telephony
Imobile - Telephony
Internet
Broadband
GDP Growth Impact of telecommunications:
Highest Impact from Broadband
GDP percentage point increase due to 10 percent increase in penetration
Qiang. Christine Z. 2009. “Telecommunications and Economics Growth.” Unpublished
Paper. World Bank, Washington, D.C.
6 Booz & Company, Digital Highways: The Role of Government i 21 st-Centry
Infrastructure, 2009, p.5
TV digitization in Viet Nam
-
DVB-T standard have been adopted by VTV since 2001
VTC had launched DVB-T test project since 2002
2005 DVB-T was adopted to deploy nationwide
Planning on radio television broadcasting transmission
to 2020 was adopted by Prime Minister in 2009;
Drafted Digitization Project on terrestrial TV was
submitted to Prime Minister for approval
Radio law and Telecommunications law
TV digitization in Viet Nam
Drafted Digitization Project on terrestrial:
The final target of DTV roadmap: 95% of
population served by digital TV.
Transmission standard: DVB-T and its next
versions;
Compression standard: MPEG-2, MPEG-4 part
10/ H.264 (after 2014: MPEG-4 part 10 /H.264 is
mandatory)
Analog switch off has been scheduled from 2015
to the end of 2020 (region by region)
TV digitization in Viet Nam
DTV roadmap
5 central cities
ATV - DTV
2011
DTV
12/2014
26 next provinces
ATV - DTV
DTV
2013
12/2016
18 next provinces
DTV
ATV - DTV
2015
12/2018
15 next provinces
2017
ATV - DTV
12/2020
DTV
TV digitization in Viet Nam
* Terrestrial DTV
-
-
-
VTC has launched DTV services since 2006,
+2 MUX using MPEG-2 compression standard,
+ more than 20 TV program channels;
AVG has a trial of DTV SFNs with 3 MUX using MPEG4 compression standard in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh
City;
More than 2 million set-top-box have been sold out
to market
TV digitalization in Viet Nam
* Mobile TV
-
DVB-H was tested by VTC corporation in 2006,
T-DMB trial project has been broadcasted by VTV
in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh city
* DTH
-
VTV launched DTH using DVB-S standard since 2004
VTC launched DTH using DVB-S2 standard since 2009
Spectrum arrangement for
terrestrial TV
1. Multiplex and network planning
- 3 nationwide broadcasting transmission operators
with 7 DTV Multiplexes
- 5 – 7 DTV MUX for existing local ATV (multiplex by
regional areas)
Spectrum arrangement for
terrestrial TV
2. Frequency channel allotment for DTV
- to broadcast 2 MUX for VTV and 2 MUX for VTC with
nationwide coverage using MFN;
- to broadcast 3 MUX for third nationwide operator
using SFN providing Pay TV services;
- to broadcast 1 MUX for each regional networks
delivering existing local TV channels
Spectrum arrangement for
terrestrial TV
3. Frequency bands
- VHF band III: 174 – 230 MHz
- UHF band:
 Before 12/2009 : 470 – 806 MHz
 After 12/2009: 470 – 790 MHz
4. Draft of VHF band plan
- To be planned for DTV, Digital radio, Mobile TV
- Band III VHF (174-206) MHz for DVB-T/T-DMB
- Band III VHF (206-230) MHz for T-DMB/T-DAB
Spectrum arrangement for
terrestrial TV
5. Draft of UHF band plan
- Mainly for DTV implementation
- UHF (470-694 MHz) for DTV Long-term usage
- UHF (694-790 MHz) for DTV/ATV temporary
usage and to be freed up to develop other radio
services (Digital Dividend)
- After 12/2020 UHF band 694 – 790 MHz is going
to be freed up to launch other radio broadband
services
The Digital dividend
Spectrum
•
Digital Dividend is the spectrum made available over and
above that required to accommodate the existing analogue
television services in a digital form in VHF and UHF
More broadband
Existing
analogue
channels
Digital services and More
dividend
TV services
Existing
program
channels
Analogue
transmission
Digital
transmission
A – D Transition period
2020
Time
Who can use the Dividend?
• Additional and improved terrestrial
broadcasting services:
 High quality digital TV
 More spectrum & power efficiency
• Multimedia Mobile broadcasting services:

H
HANDHELD
• Mobile communication systems:

Additional allocations for IMT in WRC-07
450-470 MHz
790-960 MHz
2300-2400 MHz
3400-3600 MHz in 81 countries
450-470 MHz
698-960 MHz
2300-2400 MHz
3400-3600 MHz
Footnote 5.317A
450-470 MHz
790-960 MHz (698-960 MHz in 9
countries: Bangladesh, China, Korea
(Rep. of), India, Japan, New Zealand,
Papua New Guinea, Philippines and
Singapore)
2300-2400 MHz
3400-3600 MHz in 8 countries
(China, Korea, Japan, India,..)
19
Results from WP5D (1)
ITU-R Recommendation M.1036 : Frequency arrangements for IMT
Results from WP5D (2)
ITU-R Recommendation M.1036 : Frequency arrangements for IMT
AWF COMMON VIEW (from AWF 9
th)
FDD Arrangement
10 MHz
5
MHz
DTTV
694 698
MHz MHz
3
MHz
centre gap
45 MHz
45 MHz
PPDR/LMR
806
MHz
TDD Arrangement
DTTV
PPDR/LMR
694 698
MHz MHz
806
MHz
Spectrum Allocation for broadcasting in Vietnam
UHF
VHF
174 230
Frequency (MHz) 470
610
Total: 392 MHz
790
806
Spectrum to be Refarmed
• No new TV Transmiter and TV services in sub band
790 – 806 MHz.
VHF
174 230
UHF
Frequency (MHz) 470
610
790
806
Spectrum to be Refarmed
• After 2020: Digital Dividend of 112 MHz (694-806 MHz)
and the band need to be refarmed.
VHF
UHF
To be
refarmed
174
230
Frequency (MHz) 470
610
694
806
• DTV services should be used the bands below 694 MHz
Thank you for
your attention

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