Section-6-2x - Barnstable Academy

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Section 6-2
Linear and Angular
Velocity
Angular displacement – As any circular
object rotates counterclockwise about its
center, an object at the edge moves
through an angle relative to its starting
position known as the angle of rotation.
• Determine the angular displacement in
radians of 4.5 revolutions. Round to the
nearest tenth.
• Note – Each revolution equals 2π radians.
• For 4.5 revolutions, the number of radians is
= 28.3 radians
• Determine the angular displacement in
radians of 8.7 revolutions. Round to the
nearest tenth.
• 8.7 x 2π=54.7 radians
Angular velocity – the change in the
central angle with respect to time as
an object moves along a circular path.
If an object moves along a circle during a time
of t units, then the angular velocity, w, is given
by
Where θ is the angular displacement in
radians.
Determine the angular velocity if 7.3
revolutions are completed in 5
seconds. Round to the nearest tenth.
•First calculate the angular displacement
•7.3 x 2π = 45.9
•w=45.9/5 = 9.2 radians per second
• Determine the angular velocity if 5.8
revolutions are completed in 9 seconds.
Round to the nearest tenth.
• 4.0 radians/s
• Angular velocity is the change in the
angle with respect to time.
• Linear velocity is the movement along
the arc with respect to time.
Linear Velocity
• Linear velocity – distance traveled per unit of
time
• If an object moves along a circle of radius of r
units, then its linear velocity v is given by
•
Where θ is the angular
displacement
therefore
v=rw
Determine the linear velocity of a point
rotating at an angular velocity of 17π
radians per second at a distance of 5
centimeters from the center of the rotating
object. Round to the nearest tenth.
Determine the linear velocity of a point
rotating at an angular velocity of 31π
radians per second at a distance of 15
centimeters from the center of the
rotating object. Round to the nearest
tenth.
1460.8 cm/s
Pg 355

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