IMTS Chicago 2012 Robot safety standards Robot safety standards Worldwide standards ISO 10218-1 ISO 10218-2 manufacturers integrators US EU old standard old standard RIA R15.06 :1999 EN ISO 10218-1:2006 new standard new standards RIA R15.06-2012 draft EN ISO 10218-1:2011 EN ISO 10218-2:2011 technical report on ISO 10218-1 collaborative robots technical specification RIA TR 15.206 TS 15066 draft Robot safety standards ANSI: American National Standard Institution RIA: Robot Industries Association • US • ANSI RIA R15.06 :1999 » old standard; about to be replaced by new standard » contains outdated definitions • ANSI RIA R15.06 :2012 draft » consists of ISO 10218-1 and ISO 10218-2 » including additional guidance for securing the operator • ANSI is the american equivalent to the European CEN or Danish DS » American National Standards Institute Robot safety standards TR: Technical Report • US • RIA TR R15.206 :2008 » technical report on how to use ISO 10218-1 :2006 in US » recommends best practices for safe integration of industrial robots » ISO 10218-1 :2006 provides safety guidance for both robot manufacturer and robot integrator » TR R15.206 covers the complete robot application Robot safety standards OSHA: Occupational Safety And Health Administration • US • It is not required to comply with standards when making an installation, but it is recommended to comply with standards » similar to ISO-standards in EU • In general all regulations/standards in US focuses on safety protection for the operator. • In US the employer is 100% resonsible for the employee » the integrator must conduct a risk assesment • OSHA is law in US » no specific OSHA standards covering industrial robots » OSHA 1910: standard for machine safety (similar to Machine Directive in EU) Robot safety standards EN: European Norm ISO: International Standard Organisation • EU • EN ISO 10218-1 :2006 » old standard expires end of 2012 » contained the 150N specification • EN ISO 10218-1 :2011 » standard for guiding manufacturers of industrial robots » specifies requirements for the robot to be classified as a collaborative robot • EN ISO 10218-2 :2011 » standard for guiding integrators of industrial robots • It is not required to comply with standards, but it is recommended to comply with standards Robot safety standards • EU • ISO 13849-1 » standard containing definitions of Safety Categories and Performance Levels » UR complies with Cat. 3, PLd • Cat. 3 means redundant safety system (two-way parallel safety channels) • Performance Level D means that on extremely rare occasions a failure can potentially happen • The standard is rarely used in US Robot safety standards TS: Technical Specification • EU • TS 15066 draft » collaborative robot technical specification » draft contains at present a table specifying maximum allowed impact (in Newtons) applied to specific body parts on a person and the subsequent injury • Specification is expected to be finished in 2013 » it is widely expected that the specification will be altered before official release Robot safety standards CSA: Canadian Standards Association • Canada • CSA Z434-03 :2008 » canadian safety standard for industrial robots and robot systems » standard is expected to be updated with implementation of ISO 10218-1 and -2 • General terms in Canada » all robot installations must be validated by authorized personel » Canada may have requirements forcing people to comply with standards Robot safety standards UL: Underwriter Laboratories • UL • Leading american test organisation that advises, validates and certifies for a wide range of products » focuses on the quality of a product » focuses on the safety of a product, primarily in fire related issues » not a requirement in US • UL 1740 » old quality standard for industrial robots (17 years) » new standard is planned > committee established (UR is in the committee ) • UR-robots » not UL certified » most internal components (e.g. cables) are UL components today.