Presentation of the Office of Civil Defense for the Forum on Partnership Building for DRRM and CCA, June 18-20, 2012 “Disaster is a development issue and not a humanitarian issue.” - WB Institute SCOPE OF PRESENTATION I. II. III. IV. V. Philippine Disaster Risk Profile Overview of Disaster Risk Reduction and Management NDRRM Plan Priority Programs and Projects Making DRRM Work: Options and Resources Philippine Disaster Risk Profile Philippine Disaster Risk Profile Over the past decades, the Philippines has been labeled as one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world mainly because of its geographic and geologic location, and physical characteristics. Philippine Disaster Risk Profile The country lies along several active fault lines. All over the country, there are active, inactive and potentially active volcanoes. We record an average of 20 earthquakes per day and around 100-150 earthquakes felt per year. Philippine Disaster Risk Profile Climate risks bring with it exposure to super typhoons, El Niño-related droughts, projected rainfall change and projected temperature increase. In addition, flooding is another hazard facing the country due to rains brought about by typhoons and the monsoon. Philippine Disaster Risk Profile Aside from natural causes, the Philippines also experiences human‐induced disasters. These are brought about by hazards that are of political and socio‐economic origins and inappropriate and ill‐applied technologies. Philippine Disaster Risk Profile Many are forced to evacuate during times of conflict and extreme weather conditions. People die from floods, landslides and earthquakes primarily due to the destruction of substandard buildings and inappropriate location. The health of people is severely at risk because of industrial and domestic waste that pollutes the water, land and air. Major Typhoons and Impact (2005-2011) Major Typhoons Regions Affected Amount of Rainfall/Maxi mum 24-hr. Rainfall (mm) Consequence Impact Population/ Damage(PhP) 1. TS Auring (2005) Regions IV-B, V, VI & VIII 8 regions 139.8– 16 March 98558-Guian Rdr 109.0 – 18 March 98836 - Casiguran Floods, Landslide Pop -15,638 Agri – 11.1 M Infra – 10.0 M 2. TY Reming (2006) Regions III, IV-A, 1V-B & V 4 regions 446.0 – 30 Nov. 98444 – Legaspi 190.2 – 30 Nov. 98536 - Romblon Floods, Landslide, Lahar Pop – 3,536,342 Agri – 1,936.2M Infra – 3,512.4M 3. TY Mina (2007) Regions I, II, III, IV-A, IVB, VIII & CAR 8 regions 134.8 – 25 Nov. (98328) 129.6 – 26 Nov. 98134 – Basco, Batanes (98134) 103.6 – 27 Nov. Floods, Landslide Pop – 838,061 Agri – 460.1M Infra – 659.9M Major Typhoons and Impact (2005-2011) Major Typhoons Regions Affected Amount of Rainfall/Maxi mum 24 hr. Rainfall (mm) Consequence Impact Population/ Damage (PhP) 4. TY Frank 12 regions (2008) Regions I, III, IV-a, IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII 354.0 – 20 June (98637) 300.0 – 20 June (98538) Floods Landslide Pop - 4,776,778 Agri– 7,481.3M Infra– 5,856.3M 5. TY Ondoy 12 regions (2009) Regions I, II, III, IV-A, IV-B, V, VI, IX, XII, CAR, ARMM,NCR 455.0 – 26 Sept (98430) 331.8 – 26 Sept Tanay (98433) Floods, Landslide Pop - 4,901,234 Agri – 6,668.7M Infra– 4,283.5M 6. TY Peping 9 regions (2009) Regions I, II, III, IV-A, IV-B, 258.5 – 26 Sept Port Area (98425) Floods, Landslide Pop- 4,478,284 Agri–20,494.7M Infra -6,799.3M Major Typhoons and Impact (2005-2011) Major Typhoons Regions Affected 7. TY Basyang (2010) 8. TS Sendong (2011) Regions VI, VII, IX, X, XI, Caraga & ARMM 7 regions Amount of Rainfall/Maxi mum 24 hr. Rainfall (mm) Consequence Impact Population/ Damage (PhP) 218.0 – 13 July Ambulong (98432) 160.0 – 13 July Tayabas,Quezon (98427) Floods, Landslide Pop – 585,383 180.0 – 16 Dec Lumbia, CDO 230.5 – 16 Dec Talakag, Buk Flashfloods Landslide Pop – 698,882 Agri – 444.9 M Infra –1,677.1M Damage to Infrastructure 6799.3 7000 5856.3 6000 5000 4000 3512.4 PHP (Million) 3000 2000 1000 0 659.9 10 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Damage to Agriculture 25000 20494.7 20000 15000 PHP (Million) 10000 7481.3 5000 1936.2 0 460.1 11.1 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 TS Sendong Disaster: Causes, Effects and Impacts In Region 10 alone, 4 provinces, 26 municipalities, 3 cities, 206 barangays were affected; 70,314 families were affected/displaced, 1,206 were declared as dead, 181 as missing, and 6,071 as injured. Total number of damaged houses is placed at 39,888. Damage in productive, infrastructure, human development and other cross-sectoral concerns is estimated at PhP5.442B. Total losses from all sectors combined is placed at PhP1.388B. Priority recovery and reconstruction needs is valued at PhP26.723B. Understanding4,000 Disaster Risk deaths missing Reduction and2,000 Management 8,000 injured 17 Cotabato City waterfront warehouses and residential areas in the aftermath of the 1976 Moro Gulf Tsunami. Risk = Hazards x Vulnerability / Capacity Hazards become disasters only if vulnerable people and resources are exposed to them. Hazard Vulnerability & Capacity DISASTER Exposure “An Act Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management System, Providing for the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Framework and Institutionalizing the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan, Appropriating Funds Therefore and for Other Purposes” Paradigm Shift in Disaster Management Top-down disaster management Bottom-up and participative disaster risk reduction Disasters as merely a function of physical hazards Disasters mainly a reflection of people’s vulnerability Focus on disaster response and anticipation Integrated approach to genuine social and human development to reduce disaster risk From DISASTER RESPONSE The provision of emergency services and public assistance during or immediately after a disaster in order to save lives, reduce health impacts, ensure public safety and meet the basic subsistence needs of the people affected. Disaster response is predominantly focused on immediate and short-term needs and is sometimes called “disaster relief”. To DISASTER RISK REDUCTION A systematic effort to analyze and manage the causes of disasters by reducing the vulnerabilities and enhancing capacities in order to lessen the adverse impacts of hazards and the probability of disaster. Living with Risks Disasters are not the necessary result of natural hazards but occur only when these natural hazards intersect with built environment (physical), particularly poorly located and poorly constructed development, as well as social, economic and other environmental vulnerabilities. Natural hazards can not be managed. The characteristics of the built environment and underlying factors of a vulnerable condition can be managed. Therefore, the only thing that can be done is to manage the built environment and address underlying factors or dynamic pressures of vulnerable conditions to reduce vulnerabilities as well as disaster risks. DRRM Framework The DRRM Law provides a responsive and proactive manner of addressing disasters through a framework that: prioritizes on community level DRRM focusing on the most vulnerable sectors strengthens local capacities ensures broad-based and greater participation from Civil Society addresses the root causes of disaster risks Key Players in DRRM National Government Local Government Civil Society Community DRRM Thematic Areas and Long-Term Goals National DRRM Plan As Guide to national and local efforts on DRRM: Raise awareness and understanding among government and the people on the country’s DRRM goal Show the overall direction and set of priorities that delineates the fundamental elements and components of disaster risk reduction and disaster risk management in the country Provide a common direction towards addressing underlying causes of vulnerability to help reduce and manage the risks to disasters Show that DRR and DRM efforts are not isolated activities but are inevitably linked to the development process and should converge and contribute towards attaining sustainable development Disaster Preparedness Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Safer, adaptive and disaster resilient Filipino communities 14 Objectives, 24 Outcomes, 56 Outputs and 93 Activities Disaster Response Disaster Rehabilitation and Recovery Thematic Area 1: Prevention and Mitigation OUTCOME 1. DRRM and CCA mainstreamed and integrated in national, sectoral, regional and local development policies, plans and budget LEAD AGENCY OCD 2. DRRM and CCA-sensitive environmental management DENR 3. Increased resilience of infrastructure systems DPWH 4. Community-based scientific DRRM and CCA assessment, mapping, analysis and monitoring OCD 5. Communities access to effective and applicable disaster risk financing and insurance DOF 6. End-to-end monitoring, forecasting and early warning systems are established and/or improved DOST 2. Thematic Area: Preparedness OUTCOME LEAD AGENCY 7. Increased level of awareness and enhanced capacity of the community to the threats and impacts of all hazards PIA 8. Communities are equipped with necessary skills and capacity to cope with the impacts of disasters DILG and OCD 9. Increased DRRM and CCA capacity of Local DRRM Councils, Offices and Operating Centers at all levels DILG 10. Developed and implemented comprehensive national and local preparedness and response policies, plans and systems DILG and OCD 11. Strengthened partnership and coordination among all key players and stakeholders DILG Thematic Area 3: Response OUTCOME LEAD AGENY 12. Well-established disaster response operations DSWD 13. Adequate and prompt assessment of needs and damages at all levels DRRMCs, OCD, DSWD 14. Integrated and coordinated Search, Rescue and Retrieval (SRR) capacity DND, DILG, DOH 15. Safe and timely evacuation of affected communities LGUs 16. Temporary shelter needs adequately addressed DSWD 17. Basic social services provided to affected population (whether inside or outside evacuation areas) DOH 18. Psychosocial needs of directly and indirectly affected population addressed DOH 19. Coordinated, integrated system for early recovery implemented DSWD Thematic Area 4: Rehabilitation and Recovery OUTCOME 20. Damages, losses and needs assessed 21. Economic activities restored and if possible, strengthened or expanded 22. Houses rebuilt or repaired to be more resilient to hazard events; safer sites for housing 23. Disaster and climate change-resilient infrastructure constructed/reconstructed 24. A psychologically safe and secure citizenry that is protected from the effects of disasters is able to restore to normal functioning after each disaster LEAD AGENCY OCD Agency to be determined based on the affected sectors NHA DPWH DOH, DSWD Priority Programs and Projects 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Establishment of DRRM Training Institutes Installation of end-to-end flood early warning systems in critical areas Establishment of Local DRRMCs and DRRM Offices Hazard and risk mapping in the most high-risk areas in the country Institutional capability program on DRRM and CCA for decision makers, public sector employees, and key stakeholders Capacity building on PDNA for national government agencies, regional line agencies, and local government offices Priority Programs and Projects 7. Review, amend/revise the following: Building Code to integrate DRRM and CCA EO 72 s. 1993 on CLUPs of LGUs Various environmental policies (i.e., EO 26) to integrate DRRM and CCA Development of communications protocol, common standards and tools for measurement and assessment Mainstreaming DRRM and CCA in local and national development planning 8. 9. Making DRRM Work: Options and Resources Disaster Trends and Implications Major disasters in the last six (6) years affected more than four (4) regions. The comprehensive, integrated and cluster approach in DRRM is a must to optimize scarce response resources thru multi-stakeholders’ participation. Increasing intensity in rainfall signify both the potential benefit of water resource to be managed or the threat of losses if not properly mitigated. Data-sharing and modeling for disaster prevention and mitigation have become imperatives for longterm solutions. Disaster Trends and Implications Increasing damages to infrastructure indicate the seriousness for the development and upgrading of engineering solutions and structural designs through science and worst-case scenario setting. Widespread agricultural losses warrant the development of disaster-resistant/tolerant agrisystems and improved farming technology Increasing number of affected population emphasize the need for people awareness of DRR systems (ie., early warning, drills) and their active participation in DRRM efforts. Sources of DRR Support National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund (NDRRMF) Local DRRM/Calamity Fund 20% Local Development Fund General Appropriations Act (government agencies budget) Priority Development Assistance Fund (PDAF) Official Development Assistance The Challenge. . . Developing a common understanding of the different aspects of DRRM and commitment of stakeholders to consider these in national and local planning and programming. Acquiring broad-based appreciation that DRRM is ... about lessening the vulnerability and increasing capacities of men and women in communities and governments; about mainstreaming disaster consciousness in national and local governance and development efforts; strongly linked to climate change adaptation; and achieved through multi-stakeholders partnership. Paraphrasing UN Sec. Gen. Kofi Annan: End of Presentation Thank you and Good Day!