Panel 1 - Infrastructure RSF

USACE’s Role in the National Disaster Recovery
Framework (NDRF) and Emergency Management
Ty Brumfield (LNO to FEMA –RSF-IS National Coordinator
Office of Homeland Security
Directorate of Contingency Operations
HQ, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
27 May 2014
US Army Corps of Engineers
What is the NDRF?
• The NDRF is a companion document to the National Response
Framework (NRF) which deals with immediate disaster
response (perform “Triage”) and it is supported by the ongoing development of detailed operational, management,
field guidance, and training tools for dealing specifically with
the Recovery efforts (perform “Physical Therapy”) short,
immediate, and long term.
• A guide to promote effective Recovery, particularly for those
incidents that are large-scale or catastrophic.
• NDRF applies to all Presidentially declared major disasters –
invokes the Stafford Act.
NDRF is defined by:
• Roles and Responsibilities of Recovery Coordinators
and other Stakeholders
• A Coordinating Structure (USACE) that facilities
communication and collaboration among all
• Guidance for Pre- and Post Disaster Recovery
What is Infrastructure Systems under the
The Scope of this RSF includes the following Infrastructure Sector and
Subsectors (as defined through the NIPP – National Infrastructure Protection
Plan – 18 Sectors/16 Sectors defined in PPD21) energy, water/waste water,
dams, manufacturing, communications, transportation systems, Agricultural
(food production and delivery), chemical, financial services, defense
industrial base, nuclear reactors, emergency services, government facilities,
commercial facilities, IT, and healthcare and public health.
Two former sectors: National Monuments and Icons falls under Government
Facilities and Postal and Shipping falls under the Transportation Systems.
Infrastructure Systems
Recovery Support Function
Agencies and their roles
Intro to the RSF & its Capabilities
The goal of the infrastructure systems recovery process is to
match the capacity of all infrastructure systems to a community’s
current and projected demand on its built and virtual
• The IS RSF’s will pursue this course of action to the extent allowable by
available resources and current program authorities.
• Accordingly, the end-state for IS RSF engagement occurs when
infrastructure systems recovery goals are met OR
• When IS RSF member agencies’ existing programs and authorities are
exhausted and/or external funding is no longer available to continue
Pre-Disaster: Infrastructure RSF
• Develops guidance and standard procedures for rapid activation of RSF
capabilities to support community recovery.
• Identifies relevant statutory and/or regulatory programs, potential
capabilities and/or limiting factors pertaining to recovery support for
infrastructure systems.
• Provides a forum for interagency coordination, information sharing and
exchange of effective practices.
• Supports planning, preparedness, education, training and outreach efforts
to enhance capabilities for recovery.
• Works with partners to identify critical facilities and ensure considerations
are made to reduce risk pre- and post-disaster.
Post-Disaster: Infrastructure RSF
• When activated by the FDRC, the primary and supporting departments
and agencies deploy in support of the Infrastructure Systems RSF mission.
• Supports the recovery of infrastructure systems, dependent on the nature
and scope of the disaster, and the specific authorities and programs within
the jurisdiction of participating
departments and agencies.
• Participates in the national-level coordination of damage and community
needs assessments as appropriate to ensure infrastructure considerations
integrate into the post- disaster public and private sector community
planning process.
• Deploys RSF resources, as required by the specific disaster situation and
consistent with the specific authorities and programs of the participating
departments and agencies, to the field to assist the affected community in
developing an Infrastructure Systems Recovery action plan that:
Post-Disaster: Infrastructure RSF
Avoids the redundant, counterproductive, or unauthorized use of limited
capital resources necessary for Infrastructure/recovery.
• Helps resolve conflicts, including those across jurisdictional lines, resulting
from the competition for key resources essential to infrastructure systems
• Sets a firm schedule and sequenced time structure for future
infrastructure recovery projects.
• Works with RSF partners to leverage available financial and technical
assistance, both from governmental and nongovernmental sources, in the
execution of the community’s from governmental and non-governmental
sources in the execution of the community’s Infrastructure Systems
Recovery action plan.
Summary of IOP & RSF Annex
• RSF Activation and Deployment
– If deemed necessary, the FDRC can request that
the IS RSF be deployed via:
• Mission Assignment
• Interagency Agreement
• Other non-Stafford Act authorities
– USACE will coordinate the deployment of their
staff as well as those from primary and supporting
agencies and organizations.
Summary of IOP & RSF Annex
• Recovery Support Strategy Development
– Step 1: Mission Scoping Assessment
• Work in support of the FDRC to determine disaster
impacts on infrastructure systems and the scope of
services needed to help address those impacts
• Take full advantage of existing infrastructure data, preincident studies and post-incident response-phase
damage assessments
• A task force may be formed with relevant subject
matter experts to augment the MSA
Summary of IOP & RSF Annex
• Recovery Support Strategy Development
– Step 2: Develop the Recovery Support Strategy
• Built upon the Mission Scoping Assessment
• The IS RSF will work with the FDRC to identify which
member agencies and organizations are needed, and
their strategy and approach in supporting local, state,
tribal, and territorial government officials
• The IS RSF will help the FDRC determine the scope and
duration of support needed
Summary of IOP & RSF Annex
• Recovery Support Strategy Kickoff and
– Most challenging aspect and primary focus of IS
RSF support effort
– Focused on providing communities, as necessary,
help with funding and execution of multiple
complex infrastructure projects
– Work to coordinate and leverage other potential
sources of assistance
Summary of IOP & RSF Annex
• Actions the IS RSF may take to implement the RSS
– Technical assistance for the physical assessment, planning,
construction and ultimate recovery of community infrastructure assets
– Grants or loans to help both public and private entities finance the
capital costs of recovering an infrastructure asset, and/or to finance
the operational costs of the infrastructure
– Disaster assistance programs that may reduce risk through mitigation
and disaster-resilient construction
– Maximization of Federal, state, tribal, territorial and local
governments’ legal authorities and regulations to support the
community recovery process

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