Unit 6 People from Many Places People Move for Many Reasons • People move from one part of the world to another hoping to find better opportunities in their new country. An opportunity is a chance—to find a job, to get an education , to have a better way of life. • People who move from one country to live in another Country are called immigrants. Other Reasons to Move • Sometimes people move because they are not allowed to practice their own religion in their home country. A religion is a set of ideas a person believes about God or a set of gods. • Some people move because a war is making life hard for them. They want to be safe. • Others move because they do not have enough to eat. Many People Move to the United States • From 1881 until 1920 almost 24 million immigrants came to the United States. They came from all over the world. • Most immigrants came from Europe. Where Did They Arrive First? • When their ships arrived in Ellis Island in New York City or Angel Island in San Francisco, many decided to stay and live there. Others looked for opportunities in other cities along the east and west coasts. http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/immigra tion/tour/ Ellis Island Tour • Other immigrants traveled to the middle of the United States and worked as farmers. Immigration Today • Today, most immigrants come from Mexico and Central and S. America. • Others come from countries on islands in the Caribbean Sea, China, the Philippines, Vietnam, India and other countries in Asia. A City of Many Cultures • Many immigrants feel homesick. They feel sad because they miss their home, family, friends, language and customs of their culture. • People often move to neighborhoods where others from their home country have lived for a long time. The people help new immigrants learn about their new country. Culture in Harlem • New York City is made up of many neighborhoods where people who share a culture live together. Many people did not leave other countries, but other parts of the U.S. to move here. • During the early 1900s many African Americans left the South to move to Harlem in New York City. Literature and Art in Harlem • In the 1920s and 1930s, Harlem became well known for its literature, art and jazz music. • Literature is the books, poetry, stories, and plays people write to share their ideas. • Their writing showed pride in their African heritage. • Heritage is the culture handed down to people by their ancestors. Tall Tales From America • People can also express their heritage and culture through storytelling. • “John Henry” is a story collected by a writer who lived in Harlem. It is a tall tale. • A tall tale is a story that tells about someone who does something impossible. The story often start with a real person, but as the story is told over and over again, things are added that didn’t really happen. Holiday Customs and Traditions • A holiday is a special day for remembering a person or an event that has importance for the people in a community. • The 4th of July is an important holiday for people who live in the U.S., but not for people who live in other countries. Different Traditions • The United States is home to people from many cultures. Each group celebrates its own holidays with special customs. • The New Year’s holiday is celebrated in many different ways in the United States. • Traditions are customs, or ways of doing things, that are passed on from parents to children. Oshogatsu • Oshogatsu is the Japanese New Year and it is one of the most important holidays. Many Japanese-Americans carry on the traditions. • They must put everything in order by cleaning their house, paying back money they have borrowed, and solving any personal problems. • Finally, they put on new clothes and visit friends and eat a special soup called ozoni. Tet • A Vietnamese-American family might have a New Year celebration called Tet. The Vietnamese traditions include cleaning the house, paying back debts, and wearing new clothes. • They eat special rice cakes called banh day and banh chung. • Each child receives a small red envelope with money inside! Kwanzaa • Kwanzaa is an African-American celebration. It is a festival that honors their heritage. • It lasts for one week and ends on New Year’s Day. On each day they light a candle in the kinara. • On New Year’s Day there is a big feast called a karamu. Why do people move to a new country? • Better opportunities (chances) for jobs, education, and a good life. • Freedom to practice their religion. • To get away from a war or a dangerous situation. • Hunger - due to war or famine, they don’t have enough food to eat. Immigrants To California and Texas in 1996 Immigrants From: California Texas 10, 864 1,701 7, 757 3, 295 64, 238 46, 403 23, 438 2, 064 13, 549 5, 793 Which state had fewer immigrants from the Philippines? California or Texas? Which state had more immigrants from Mexico? California or Texas? Which country had the most immigrants going to Texas? Which country had the fewest immigrants going to California? How many more immigrants from India went to California than to Texas? Assignment (choose one): 1. Choose a country mentioned in unit 6 to research and write a report about the language, religions, holidays, traditions, cultures of that country. 2. Research and write a report about either Ellis Island or Angel Island. First read the information in the text and then research using World Book Online. 3. Research your own family history and found out about your heritage.