6 Weeks Test Review US History Theodore Roosevelt • He broke up bad trusts and monopolies because it would increase business competition. • He believed that an important goal of the government was to protect the environment. Ida B. Wells •Ida B. Wells was a muckraker who exposed the brutality of lynching (hanging). Progressive Era Presidents in Chronological Order Teddy Roosevelt Woodrow Wilson Howard Taft Progressive Era Characteristics •Distinctive features of reforms •A set of historical events that changed society •Economic activity that is important in the time period Voting Rights for Women •Women used the following methods to gain suffrage (right to vote): • Public Protests • The passing of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution th 17 Amendment •The 17th amendment gave the individual voter more political power because it allowed the direct election of the US Senator's by popular vote. Industrialization •Industrialization can be characterized by the following: •Steam and electricity replacing people doing the work •The Bessemer Process to create Steel at a faster rate Upton Sinclair • He wrote “The Jungle” which made the people push the government to pass the Pure Food and Drug Act, which forced government regulation of the inspection of food products. Citizen Involvement in the Election Process • There were many political reforms that happened during the Progressive Era that helped citizens become more involved in the election process. • Some of those reforms include: • The 17th Amendment • The 19th Amendment • Direct Party Primaries Defining the Progressive Era •The progressive era can be defined as a period where the US was changing the ideas about how the US Government functions. Patriotism & Responsibility •During the Progressive era Americans showed their patriotism and responsibility towards their country by doing the following: • Voting in elections at all levels • Being active in political debates • Writing to representatives in Congress National Women’s Party • The National Women’s Party worked to help end gender discrimination. National Parks Systems •Teddy Roosevelt allowed the government to do projects that allowed the government to manage wildlife and protect it from Urban (city) expansion. Political Reforms •Initiative, Referendum and Recall resulted in the government responding to the needs of the voters more readily/ efficiently. Jane Addams Contributions •Pioneer of social work •Founded a settlement house in Chicago •Worked mostly with immigrants, women and children Business Practices •Business practices were regulated in order to benefit public interest, which is why it passed the Pure Food and Drug Act, the Federal Trade Commission and the Interstate Commerce Commission. Federal Reserve Act •The Federal Reserve Act was in charge of regulating the monetary policy of the United States. rd 3 Parties •Split the original 2 parties voters in resulting in a victory of the party who was not split in half. Frances Willard •Worked towards the temperance (ending of alcohol, aka prohibition) movement. W.E.B. DuBois •He founded the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) Open Ended •Be able to answer questions on the political, social and economic characteristics of the Progressive Era.