TRENDS IN URBAN POPULATION

Report
- HIGHLIGHTS FROM CENSUS OF INDIA 2011
DR C CHANDRAMOULI
REGISTRAR GENERAL &
CENSUS COMMISSIONER, INDIA
15TH March 2013


An urban settlement’s population size
and civic status are important
parameters considered by the
government for determining fund
support under various development
schemes
Indian Census classifies settlements
as Statutory Towns and Census Towns



Census Towns are in fact villages with
urban characteristics as defined by
the Census
As a consequence they are not
eligible for development aids as like
Statutory Towns
The Workshop proposes to deliberate
on Policy Issues concerning this
subject.
Number of Administrative Units in Census
2011
States/UTs
Districts
35
640
Sub-districts
5,924
Towns
7,936
Villages
0.64 million


All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment
board or notified town area committee, etc. These
towns are known as Statutory Towns.
All other places which satisfied the following criteria:
◦ A minimum population of 5,000;
◦ At least 75 per cent of the male working population
engaged in non-agricultural pursuits; and
◦ A density of population of at least 400 per sq. km.
◦ These towns, which in fact are villages, are known as
Census Towns.
•
Urban Agglomerations (UAs):
• An Urban Agglomeration forms a continuous
urban spread and normally consists of a town
and its adjoining urban outgrowths (OGs), or two
or more physically contiguous towns together
with or without outgrowths of such towns . An
UA must consist of at least a statutory town and
its total population (i.e. all the constituents put
together) shouldn’t be less than 20,000 as per
2001 Census.
• Areas around a core city or town, such
well recognized places as, Railway
colony, university campus, port area,
etc., lying outside the limit of town, is
termed as Out Growths.
Procedure for Identifying Urban Areas




Prior to Census an elaborate exercise is
undertaken to identify Urban Areas
Updated list of villages and towns prepared after
incorporating the jurisdictional changes that have
taken place after 2001 Census and up to 31st
December 2009
Identification of Census Towns carried out by
applying the urban criteria to all villages
including Census Towns and Out Growths of
Census 2001
The Census Towns are not declassified if they fail
to meet the criteria on the basis of Census 2011.
Digital Mapping - Using Latest Technology
A step towards
ensuring full coverage
Map prepared
from Satellite
Imagery
Similar maps
were used by
Enumerators in
33 capital cities
in Census 2011
Number of UAs/Towns and OGs in India
Type of Urban Units
2011
Census
2001 Addition in
Census
2001-11
7,935
5,161
2,774
(a) Statutory Towns
4,041
3,811
242
(b) Census Towns
3,894
1,350
2,532
2. Urban Agglomerations
475
384
91
3. Out Growths (OGs)
981
962
19
1. Towns:
Quick Estimates : Provisional
Number of Statutory and Census Towns
and Their Population in India
Type of Urban Units
2011
2001
Change
4,041
3,809
232
(b) Population (in million)
319
265
58
( c) Proportion to total Urban
86%
93%
- 7 PPT
3,894
1,352
2,542
54
21
+33
14%
7%
7 PPT
1. Statutory Towns (incl OGs):
(a) Number
2. Census Towns:
(a) Number
(b) Population (in million)
( c) Proportion to total Urban
Quick Estimates : Provisional
Top 10 Census Towns – 2011
Population
(2011)
(In Million)
Name of Census Towns
1. Noida (CT), Uttar Pradesh
0.64
2. Bokaro Steel City, Jharkhand
0.41
3. Kirari Suleman Nagar, NCT of Delhi
0.28
4. Karawal Nagar, NCT of Delhi
0.22
5. Nangloi Jat, NCT of Delhi
0.21
6. Bhalswa Jahangir Puri, NCT of Delhi
0.20
7. Navi Mumbai Panvel Raigad, Maharashtra
0.19
8. Khora, Uttar Pradesh
0.19
9. Sultan Pur Majra, NCT of Delhi
0.18
10. Hastsal, NCT of Delhi
0.18
Quick Estimates : Provisional
Urban Areas –
International
Scenario


The definition of urban areas varies from country to
country.
Taking note of this UN (Principles and
Recommendations for Population and Housing
Censuses, Revision 2 (2008) had noted that:
“Because of national differences in the
characteristics that distinguish urban from rural
areas, the distinction between the urban and the
rural population is not yet amenable to a single
definition that would be applicable to all countries
or, for the most part, even to the countries within
a region..”



According to the latest report on World Urbanization
Prospects prepared by the United Nations (2010),
the total population living in the urban areas in the
world is more than those living in rural areas.
Out of 6,829 million persons inhabiting this planet
as per 2009 estimates, 3,421 million persons lived
in urban areas and 3,408 million persons in the rural
areas.
The share of urban population in the total
population is estimated as 50.1%, just above the
half-way mark.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Urban_population_in_2005_world_map.PNG
INDIA
Population:
• 833 million persons in India live in Rural areas,
which is more than two-third of the total
population
• Rural – Urban distribution : 68.8% & 31.2%
• Out of total increase of 181.4 million persons
during 2001-11, contribution of Urban areas
(91.0 million) is higher than of Rural areas (90.5
million).
Growth in Population:
• The Growth in Urban population is significantly
higher at 31.8% than in Rural population
(12.18%) during 2001-11
• Growth in Rural Population in India is steadily
declining since 1991
• Growth in Female population is higher than in
Male population both in Rural and Urban areas
during the last decade.
Population by Rural Urban
Residence - India
Persons:
• Total :
1,210,193,422
• Rural:
833,087,662
• Urban:
377,105,760
Rural Urban Distribution Persons
(in %):
• Total :
100.0 %
• Rural:
68.8 %
• Urban:
31.2 %
23
Source: Census 2011 – Provisional Population Totals - India
Census
Year
Population
(in mn)
Rural
Urban
Variation over
past decade
(in %)
Rural
50
Urban
1901
212.54
25.85
1921
223.23
28.09 -1.29
1931
245.51
33.46
9.98
19.12
1951
298.64
62.44
8.8
41.4
1961
360.30
78.94 20.64
26.41
1971
439.05 109.11 21.86
38.23
1981
523.87 159.46 19.32
46.14
1991
628.86 217.57 20.04
36.44
2001
742.62 286.12 18.09
31.51
2011
833.09 377.11 12.18
31.80
40
8.26
30
20
10
0
-10
Total
Rural
Urban
Bihar, 11.73
Punjab, 10.39
Kerala, 15.93
NCT of Delhi, 16.33
Maharashtra, 50.83
Rajasthan, 17.08
Uttar Pradesh, 44.47
Madhya Pradesh,
20.06
Karnataka, 23.58
Tamil Nadu, 34.95
Gujarat, 25.71
Andhra Pradesh,
28.35
West Bengal, 29.13
Progress of Urbanization in India
1901 – 2011 Census
– Case Studies
• India & States
• Chennai
• Bangalore
Proportion of
Urban Population
- India/States
19 0 1
J a m m u & K a s h m ir
H im ac h a l
P ra de s h
P u nj a b
C h a n d i g ar h
U t ta r ak h an d
H a r y an a
N C T o f D e lh i
A ru n a c h a l
P r ad e s h
S ik k im
R a ja s t h a n
U t ta r P r a d e s h
A ssa m
N a g a la n d
M e gh a l a y a
B i ha r
M a ni p u r
T rip u ra
J h a rk h a n d
G u ja ra t
M i z o r am
W e st
B e ng a l
M a dh y a P r a d e s h
C h h a t ti s g a r h
D a m a n & D iu
O ris s a
D a d ra & N a g a r H a v e li
M a ha r as h tr a
A n dh r a P r a d e s h
P
% O F U R B AN P O P U LA T I O N
Goa
1 0 .0 0 A N D B E L O W
1 0 .0 1- 2 0. 0 0
3 0 .0 1- 4 0. 0 0
L
P
P
P
4 0 .0 1- 5 0. 0 0
5 0 .0 1 A N D A B O V E
DA T A N O T A VA I LA B LE
A
S
K D
A (I N
T a m il N a d u
K e r a la
D
A N
2 0 .0 1- 3 0. 0 0
K a r n a ta k a
N
I
C
H
I S
P - P u d u c h e rry
L
Progress of Urbanization in India/States 1901-2011
19 0 1
J a m m u & K a s h m ir
H im ac h a l
P ra de s h
P u nj a b
U t ta r a k h a n d
H a r y an a
N C T o f D e lh i
A ru n a c h a l
P r ad e s h
S ik k im
U t ta r P r a d e s h
A ru n a c h a l
P r ad e s h
A ssa m
N a g a la n d
M e gh a l a y a
T rip u ra
J h a rk h a n d
M i z o r am
W e st
B e ng a l
G u ja ra t
M a dh y a P r a d e s h
D a m a n & D iu
O ris s a
M i z o r am
M a ni p u r
C h h a t ti s g a r h
D a m a n & D iu
O ris s a
M a ha r as h tr a
A n dh r a P ra d e s h
A n dh r a P r a d e s h
P
P
% O F U R B A N P O PU L A TI O N
Goa
K a r n a ta k a
L
K e r a la
DA T A N O T A VA I LA B LE
T a m il N a d u
K e r a la
30 . 0 1 - 4 0 .0 0
40 . 0 1 - 5 0 .0 0
P
P
5 0 .0 1 A N D A B O V E
P
20 . 0 1 - 3 0 .0 0
30 . 0 1 - 4 0 .0 0
A
S
K D
A (I N
T a m il N a d u
10 . 0 1 - 2 0 .0 0
20 . 0 1 - 3 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1- 5 0. 0 0
P
10 . 0 0 A N D B EL O W
K a r n a ta k a
10 . 0 1 - 2 0 .0 0
D
A N
3 0 .0 1- 4 0. 0 0
% O F U R B A N P O PU L A TI O N
Goa
10 . 0 0 A N D B EL O W
1 0 .0 1- 2 0. 0 0
K a r n a ta k a
M i z o r am
D a d ra & N a g a r H a v e li
A n dh r a P r a d e s h
P
P
W e st
B e ng a l
M a dh y a P ra d e s h
O ris s a
1 0 .0 0 A N D B E L O W
T rip u ra
J h a rk h a n d
G u ja ra t
M a h a r as h tr a
% O F U R B AN P O P U LA T I O N
N a g a la n d
M e gh a l a y a
B i ha r
D a d ra & N a g a r H a v e li
2 0 .0 1- 3 0. 0 0
A ssa m
N a g a la n d
C h h a t ti s g a r h
C h h a t ti s g a r h
M a ha r as h tr a
Goa
U t ta r P r a d e s h
M a ni p u r
W e st
B e ng a l
D a m a n & D iu
D a d ra & N a g a r H a v e li
R a ja s t h a n
M e gh a l a y a
B i ha r
T rip u ra
J h a rk h a n d
A ru n a c h a l
P r ad e s h
S ik k im
U t ta r P r a d e s h
M a ni p u r
M a dh y a P r a d e s h
H a r y an a
N C T o f D e lh i
S ik k im
R a ja s t h a n
A ssa m
B i ha r
G u ja ra t
C h a n d i g ar h
P u nj a b
U t ta r ak h an d
N C T o f D e lh i
R a ja s t h a n
H i m ac h a l
P r a de s h
C h a n d i g ar h
U t ta r ak h an d
H a r y an a
19 5 1
J a m m u & K a s h m ir
H i m ac h a l
P r a de s h
C h a n d i g ar h
P u nj a b
19 2 1
J a m m u & K a s h m ir
P
50 . 0 1 A N D A B O V E
P
T a m il N a d u
DAT A N O T AV AILAB LE
40 . 0 1 - 5 0 .0 0
P
N
K e r a la
50 . 0 1 A N D A B O V E
P
DAT A N O T AV AILAB LE
I
C
H
I S
P - P u d u c h e rry
P - P u d u c h e rry
L
P - P u d u c h e rry
19 7 1
J a m m u & K a s h m ir
19 9 1
J a m m u & K a s h m ir
H i m ac h a l
P r a de s h
P u nj a b
20 1 1
J a m m u & K a s h m ir
H i m ac h a l
P r a de s h
H i m ac h a l
P r a de s h
C h a n d i g ar h
P u nj a b
U t ta r ak h an d
C h a n d i g ar h
P u nj a b
C h a n d i g ar h
U t ta r ak h an d
H a r y an a
N C T o f D e lh i
A ru n a c h a l
P r ad e s h
U t ta r ak h an d
H a r y an a
N C T o f D e lh i
S ik k im
H a r y an a
N C T o f D e lh i
A ru n a c h a l
P r ad e s h
A ru n a c h a l
P r ad e s h
S ik k im
R a ja s t h a n
U t ta r P r a d e s h
A ssa m
R a ja s t h a n
N a g a la n d
S ik k im
U t ta r P r a d e s h
A ssa m
M e gh a l a y a
B i ha r
M a ni p u r
R a ja s t h a n
U t ta r P r a d e s h
N a g a la n d
M e gh a l a y a
B i ha r
A ssa m
W e st
B e ng a l
G u ja ra t
M a dh y a P r a d e s h
M i z o r am
T rip u ra
J h a rk h a n d
W e st
B e ng a l
G u ja ra t
M a dh y a P r a d e s h
M a ni p u r
T rip u ra
J h a rk h a n d
M i z o r am
W e st
B e ng a l
G u ja ra t
M a dh y a P r a d e s h
C h h a t ti s g a r h
C h h a t ti s g a r h
D a m a n & D iu
O ris s a
D a m a n & D iu
C h h a t ti s g a r h
O ris s a
D a d ra & N a g a r H a v e li
D a d ra & N a g a r H a v e li
M a h a r as h tr a
D a m a n & D iu
O ris s a
D a d ra & N a g a r H a v e li
M a h a r as h tr a
M a h a r as h tr a
A n dh r a P ra d e s h
A n dh r a P ra d e s h
P
A n dh r a P ra d e s h
P
% O F U R B A N PO P U L A TI O N
Goa
K a r n a ta k a
10 . 0 0 A N D B E L O W
K a r n a ta k a
10 . 0 0 A N D B E L O W
10 . 0 1 - 2 0 . 0 0
K e r a la
P
40 . 0 1 - 5 0 . 0 0
K a r n a ta k a
10 . 0 0 A N D B E L O W
10 . 0 1 - 2 0 . 0 0
20 . 0 1 - 3 0 . 0 0
20 . 0 1 - 3 0 . 0 0
30 . 0 1 - 4 0 . 0 0
P
T a m il N a d u
% O F U R B A N PO P U L A TI O N
Goa
10 . 0 1 - 2 0 . 0 0
20 . 0 1 - 3 0 . 0 0
P
P
% O F U R B A N PO P U L A TI O N
Goa
30 . 0 1 - 4 0 . 0 0
30 . 0 1 - 4 0 . 0 0
P
P
50 . 0 1 A N D A B O V E
T a m il N a d u
K e r a la
P
40 . 0 1 - 5 0 . 0 0
50 . 0 1 A N D A B O V E
P
T a m il N a d u
K e r a la
P - P u d u c h e rry
P - P u d u c h e rry
N a g a la n d
M e gh a l a y a
B i ha r
M a ni p u r
T rip u ra
J h a rk h a n d
P - P u d u c h e rry
P
40 . 0 1 - 5 0 . 0 0
P
50 . 0 1 A N D A B O V E
M i z o r am
Status of Urbanization in India States :
Census 2011
Moderate
(31.16% to 50.0%)
High
(Above 50.0%)
West Bengal (31.89%)
Andhra Pradesh, Haryana
Andaman & Nicobar Is.
Mizoram (51.51%)
Goa (62.17%),
Puducherry,
Daman & Diu
Lakshadweep
Chandigarh,
NCT of Delhi (97.5%)
Punjab, Karnataka,
Gujarat (42.58%),
Maharashtra
Dadra & Nagar Haveli,
Kerala, Tamil Nadu
(48.45%)
Tamil Nadu (48%), Kerala (47%),
Maharashtra (45%) and Gujarat
(42%) are likely to cross the 50%
mark in the near future.
CHENNAI CITY
Total Population
35001 & above
30001 -35000
25001 -30000
20001 - 25000
20000 & below
POPULATION 1971
CHENNAI CITY
Total Population
35001 & above
30001 -35000
25001 -30000
20001 - 25000
20000 & below
CHENNAI CITY
POPULATION 1981
CHENNAI CITY
Total Population
35001 & above
30001 -35000
25001 -30000
20001 - 25000
20000 & below
CHENNAI CITY
POPULATION 1991
CHENNAI CITY
Total Population
35001 & above
30001 -35000
25001 -30000
20001 - 25000
20000 & below
CHENNAI CITY
POPULATION 2001
CHENNAI U A
GROWTH OF POPULATION
IN CHENNAI U.A.
1971 To 1981
C H EN N A I C IT Y
G r o w th o f P o p . 7 1 -8 1
10 0 .0 1 & ab o v e
75 .0 1 - 1 0 0
50 .0 1 - 7 5
25 .0 1 - 5 0
0.0 1 - 2 5
-7 .4 1 - 0
GROWTH OF POPULATION
IN CHENNAI U.A.
1981 To 1991
C H EN N A I C IT Y
G r o w th o f P o p . 8 1 -9 1
10 0 .0 1 & ab o v e
75 .0 1 - 1 0 0 .0 0
50 .0 1 - 7 5 .0 0
25 .0 1 - 5 0 .0 0
25 .0 0 & b e lo w
CHENNAI U A
GROWTH OF POPULATION
IN CHENNAI U.A.
1991 To 2001
C H E N N A I C IT Y
G ro w th o f P o p . 91 -2 00 1
10 0.0 1 - 19 6.53
75 .01 - 1 00
50 .01 - 7 5
25 .01 - 5 0
0.0 1 - 25
-1 3.92 - 0
COMPOSITE INDEX ON UNFAVOURABLE
VARIABLES OF HOUSING IN CHENNAI CITY
COMPOSITE INDEX
<0.3
0.4 - 0.5
0.6 – 0.8
Rivers
Division boundary
GROWTH OF BANGALORE U.A.
1537 - 2011
Year
Status
Population
Area in Sq. Km.
1537
Town
N.A.
1.85 (approx.)
1871
Town
1,44,479
7.65 (approx.)
1941
Municipality
4,10,967
69.93
1971
U.A.
16,64,208
177.30
1981
U.A.
29,21,751
365.65
1991
U.A.
41,30,288
445.91
2001
U.A.
56,86,844
530.85
2011
BBMP
84,99,399
1,750 (approx.)*
*Provisional, not released
BANGALORE CITY
GROWTH RATE
1901-2011
BANGALORE
URBAN AGGLOMERATION
2011
BANGALORE NORTH
TALUK
BANGALORE EAST
TALUK
Population
- 84,99,399
Census Towns - 2
BANGALORE SOUTH
TALUK
BANGALORE EAST
TALUK
BANGALORE SOUTH
TALUK
ANEKAL TALUK
Out Growth
- 11
BRUHAT BANGALORE MAHANAGAR PALIKE
2011
198 Wards
Thank you.

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