ICTPA-Mongolia-Nurgul

Report
Mongolia-Towards
ICT based Growth
Ch.Nurgul
Director
U.Tamir
Director General
Communications Regulatory
Commission of Mongolia
Content
1
ICT Sector overview
2
ICT services and technologies
3
Policy and Regulatory
4
Projects and initiatives
2
ICT Sector overview
President
Parliament
Prime Minister
Information,
Communications Technology
and Post Authority (ICTPA)
Communications
Regulatory
Commission
(CRC)
Cabinet members of the Government
Other Ministries
NetCo
CITIZENS, BUSINESSES, OTHER PUBLIC, AND PRIVATE ENTITIES
 Telecoms and IT sectors are overseen by ICTPA, regulatory
function by CRC in telecoms
 Both institutions report to the Prime Minister
– No cabinet-level Ministry responsible for policy-making
ICT sector overview
Policy Frameworks /ICTPA/
 E-Mongolia Program for 2005-2012
(ICTA, 2006)
 USO strategy
 Policy Guidelines (GSM 1800,
Broadcasting of Digital TV, 3G, WLL, IPTV,
Mobile TV etc.)
 Digital Broadcasting program (2010)
 National Broadband program (2011)
 E-Mongolia National Program (2012)
 Draft ICT Government Policy for 2021
(2012)
Regulatory Frameworks/CRC/
 Licensing
 Radio frequency management
 Numbering
 QoS
 USO policy implementation
 Complains and disputes
 Methodologies for service tariff
 Determining and controlling dominants
 Access & interconnection
 Content
Legal Framework
Privatization & Restructuring
 Law on Communication (renewed in 2001)
 Law on Radio Wave
 Law on Fair Competition
 Law on Business Entities
 E-Signature Law (2012)
 Liberalization (1995)
 Privatization of incumbent operator (1995)
 Full competition
 Structural separation policy (backbone network)
ICT sector overview
US/UA development
WB provided TA for
Regulatory strengthening
and interconnection
Communications law was
revised.
Independent
Communications
Regulatory Commission
established.
2002
2005
Soum Wireless network
/CRC and WB/
USOF established.
Pilot projects of GPOBA,
WB:
Herder network
Soum Wireless network
Soum internet
2006
Feasibility study for legal
environment to collect an
disburse USOF /CRC and WB/
Demand study for UA/US.
/CRC and WB/
2007
Soum center internet
/CRC and WB/
Pilot project for Soum
internet /CRC and USOF/ UA program evaluation
/CRC and WB/
Project for delivering
Mongolian radio
broadcasting to soums in
the western region /CRC
and USOF/
2008
Pilot for digital relay of new
technology /USOF/
Soum Wireless Network
/USOF/
Increase of delivery
frequency of posts /USOF/
2009
2010
SWN project completed and all
soums of Mongolia covered with
mobile voice services.
HPAN /CRC and WB/
Unbundling Data stream project
/CRC and USOF/
ICT development overview
120.0
100.0
ICT
sector’s
revenue,
investments
and
economic
figures are increasing yearly.
Mobile /World/
80.0
Fixed /World/
60.0
Internet/World/
40.0
Mobile /Mongolia/
20.0
Fixed/Mongolia/
0.0
Internet/Mongolia/
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Penetration
120
108.7
100
71.4
80
60
94.4
89.9
76.4
57.3
40.8
40
20
0
2004
он
2005
он
2006
он
2007
он
2008
он
2009
он
2010
он
ICT investment /billion tugrik/
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
81.9
70.6 73.0
54
17.6
21.9
26.4
34.5
38.0
2002 он
2003 он
2004 он
2005 он
2006 он
2007 он
2008 он
2009 он
2010 он
ICT contribution /billion tugrik /
UN E-Government survey - 2010
• E-Government development in Eastern Asia
Country
Mongolia
E-government
development index value
World e-government
development ranking
2010
2008
2010
2008
0.5243
0.4735
53
82
• Top 20 countries of online service development
Rank
Country
Online services Index value
20
Mongolia
0.5556
• Human capital index /183 countries attended in this survey/
Rank
56
Country
Index
value
Mongolia
0.9127
Adult literacy
rate (%)
97.30
Combined gross enrolment
ratio primary, secondary and
tertiary schools (%)
79.21
ICT services and technologies
Ugudei, 3rd son of Chinggis established horse relay system.
12281241
Telegraph service started by establishing telegraph line between Ikh khuree (UB) and Khiagt
at boarder point of Mongolia and Russia.
1898
First telephone of manual handling with a capacity of 25 subscribers for local calling
1913
1920
Start of Radio communication in Mongolia
1939
BTS with a capacity of 200
Broadband microwave link
1976
1st GSM operator
1996
1st CDMA operator
1999
WLL
2000
Wireless internet
2nd GSM operator
2003
WiMax
2nd CDMA operator
G Mobile WiMax
2005
2006
2007
2009
Vision 2021
2012
ICT services and technologies /3G coverage/
National Data Center
Server
leasing
E-sites,
mails
NDC
National data, data storage,
protection and
development
Rack
leasing
Gov.mn
domains
Web
design
Storage
and
backup
Training
Mongolian IT-Equipment Market Trend in 2011
GDP Growth (%)
IT Product Import
Total value ($K)
Total unit (pcs)
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
8.6
10.2
8.9
-1.6
6.1
7-8%
18,320
130%
220,730
64%
18,508
1%
181,175
-22%
27,300
48%
217,287
17%
14,598
-47%
116,474
-87%
31,502
78%
202,337
30%
42,527
35%
263,038
30%
By Product category
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Computer
8,444
8,906
18,370
10,579
23,261
30,239
30%
Notebook
1,284
3,358
6,205
7,612
14,135
21,203
50%
Server
228
263
384
181
554
831
50%
Copier
688
1,482
1,452
536
1,052
1,473
40%
13,846
9,584
8,868
5,694
18,867
13,972
26,414
20,958
40%
50%
(in pcs)
Printer-Laser
Digital camera
1,303
6,900
2011
Growth
“National program
for Digital
switch-over of Radio and Television
МХХТ-ийн
үйлчилгээ
ба хүртээмж
Broadcasting”
Broadcasting system
Technical availability for
recipients
100% digital
switch-over
100% of the
population
Enable technical conditions for a national satellite transmission of
broadcasting ;
Radio broadcasting: DRM, DRM+ standards
Television broadcasting: DVB-T2, DVB-C, DVB-C2, DVB-S, DVB-S2
The Digital Switchover National Program will be implemented for the period
of 2010-2015.
The analogue television and radio signal will be turned off at 00.00 of July
31, 2014 and the digital broadcasting signal will be replaced simultaneously.
“National Broadband Program”
2011-2015
High-Speed Broadband network
High capacity & quality
Low cost
Capacity &
Quality
- FTTH, FTTB, FTTC
- WiFi, WiMax, 4G
Rural
broadband
- Access networks (wireless)
- IP/MPLS
- DWDM
Content
- National content & apps
- Online and mobile content
- e-Government
- Appstores
- R&D on technology merges and
Technology
advanced technologies
- Structuring all-over IP-based
network
- Shifting from IPv4 to IPv6
Open accesses & businesses
-Increased speed & usage,
decreased price
-90% of Gov.Orgs to broadband
connectivity
-At least 50% of all households
will have access to cheap tripleplay service access delivered
through broadband
- Over 40% of households in
remote areas will have access to
a wireless broadband service
“National Broadband Program” implementation
Forecast:
2021 :
• Availability of broadband services through wireless technologies with a capacity of at least
20-30Mbps;
• Accessibility to all types of contents through broadband network;
• Multiple e-services based on wireless broadband network.
140%
Hong Kong
Singapore
Mobile Penetration Rate (%)
120%
New Zealand
Australia
100%
ThailandMongolia
80%
60%
Mongolia
Taiwan (2021 он)
South Korea
Malaysia
Japan
Philippines
Pakistan
Indonesia
Vietnam
Sri Lanka
40%
India
20%
“The Digital Divide”
Bangladesh
0%
0%
20%
40%
60%
Household Broadband Penetration Rate (%)
80%
100%
“Backbone
Үндсэн сүлжээ,
дэд бүтэцnetwork development principles”
Integrated
service
Open access
Security
Infrastructure
sharing
National
backbone
network
Reliability
Technology
neutral
“E-Government National Program”
2012-2016
Advancements of ICTs in Government services
Transparency & Openness
Legal framework
IT infrastructure
Digitalization
IT skills
Citizens participation
-Security
Accessible &no barriers
- Planned xx projects
-Software & content
-Integrated network
-Mobile
-Government Enterprise Architecture
- Expansion of broadband networks
- PKI
- Clouding computing technology
-Digitalize government activities
-Content
- Citizen interact able systems
-Civil servants
- Citizens
- IT curriculum
-90 % Government orgs to
broadband network
-30th in the World and 6th in
Asia by e-gov development
- 80% of Gov. services online
content
-Increased IT skills
-Free citizens online access
to Gov. services
“ICT Vision 2021”
ICT HRD
Education
Information security
Health
E-Government
Financing
Mining
Agriculture
Information, communications, technologies
Projects and Initiatives
Төсөл, хөтөлбөрүүд
Projects
Funding
sources
Policies
ICT high-tech innovation cluster
E-Mongolia
National Data Center
E-Mongolia
State budget
Korea grant
State Budget
Integrated Registration System
E-Mongolia
State Budget
Expansion of Backbone network
Broadband National Program
China loan
Television transmission system in all
province and soum centers
Digital Broadcasting Program
State budget
Public Key Infrastructure
E-Mongolia & E-Government
WB
Government Portals system
E-Government program
WB
National Satellite Launching Feasibility
study
National Satellite Project
State budget

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