Craig Kreman, Quapaw Tribe of Oklahoma

Report
QUAPAW TRIBE OF OKLAHOMA
AIR QUALITY PROGRAM
CRAIG KREMAN
ASSISTANT ENVIRONMENTAL DIRECTOR
QUAPAW TRIBE ENVIRONMENTAL OFFICE
2014 National Tribal Forum on Air Quality
INTRODUCTION
WHO?
WHERE?
WHAT?
WHY?
QUAPAW TRIBE HISTORY
QUAPAW TRIBE HISTORY
TAR CREEK SUPERFUND SITE
Tri-State Mining District
Began mining the area during the late 1800’s,
lasted until approximately 1970
Mining and milling of ore (primarily lead and
zinc) produced more than 500 million tons of
waste in area
Two primary types of wastes from mining
processes: chat and tailings
CHAT PILE
CHAT PILE
TAR CREEK SUPERFUND SITE
Designated as a Superfund Site in 1983,
following the establishment of Hazard Rank
System and National Priorities List in 1981
and 1982, respectively under the
Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA).
Four Main Objects of Remediation
TAR CREEK SUPERFUND SITE
Operable Units
OU1: Surface Water/Groundwater
OU2: Residential Properties
OU4: Chat Piles, Other Mine and Mill Wastes,
and Smelter Sites
OU5: Sediment and Surface Water
Catholic 40 Remedial Response CA
CATHOLIC 40 REMEDIAL RESPONSE
Cooperative Agreement for Remedial Action
signed between EPA and the Quapaw Tribe
of Oklahoma was the first-ever Remedial
Action in the nation conducted by a tribe on
property that they own.
40-acre tract of land that has cultural and
historical significance
CATHOLIC 40 REMEDIAL RESPONSE
 Remedial Action involved: excavation, hauling, and disposal
of approximately 107,000 tons of source material (chat).
 Benefits:
 Enhance Tribe’s technical capacity to perform work
under the Superfund Program
 Have seen expressed interest by other tribes in
performing work similar to the Remedial Action at the
Catholic 40
 Will hope to begin work on additional impacted lands in
area
CATHOLIC 40 BEFORE AND AFTER
BEFORE
AFTER
CATHOLIC 40 BEFORE AND AFTER
BEFORE
AFTER
CATHOLIC 40 BEFORE AND AFTER
BEFORE
AFTER
CATHOLIC 40 BEFORE AND AFTER
BEFORE
AFTER
REMEDIAL OBJECTIVE
Exposure to lead dust was a primary
concern to a majority of Tar Creek
residents and tribal members.
Air program was established in 1999
with funding under Section 103 of CAA
Additional concerns were regional
ozone and particulate matter
AIR MONITORING PROGRAM
Tribe assumed the management and
operation of PM2.5 monitoring project
in 2002 at Quapaw Tribe Industrial Park.
R&P 2025 Sequential Samplers
(collocated), ran every 1-in-6 days from
2002 to 2010
AIR MONITORING PROGRAM
In 2003, tribe began the Tar Creek Air
Monitoring Project (TCAMP)
In 2004, the tribe assumed the
management and operation of a
gaseous criteria pollutant monitoring
project at the Quapaw Tribe Industrial
Park
AIR MONITORING PROGRAM
Over time, SOx, NOx, and CO monitors
were phased out, and PM2.5 (continuous),
PM10 (continuous), and NOy monitors
were phased in
Today the tribe operates and monitors
ozone, NOy, and PM2.5 (continuous), as
well as various meteorological parameters
at the Quapaw Tribe Industrial Park
MIAMI SHELTER SITE PHOTOS
AIR MONITORING PROGRAM
TCAMP site still monitors for
particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), as
well as Lead in Total Suspended
Particulates (TSP)
Current TCAMP sites:
Humbawata
Whitebird
TCAMP SITE PHOTOS - HUMBAWATA
TCAMP SITE PHOTOS – WHITEBIRD
AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT
Lead in TSP
Ecotech HiVol-3000 Sampler
Non-continuous (1-in-6 days)
Very easy to maintain and operate!!!
Particulate Matter
R&P TEOM
Met One BAM-1020
AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT
AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT
 Rupprecht & Patashnick
TEOM
 Tapered Element
Oscillating Microbalance
 Reliable data, but
 Outdated and repeated
maintenance/repairs
required
 Replacement parts are
becoming obsolete
AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT
AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT
Met One BAM-1020
Beta Attenuation Monitor
Easy to maintain
Filter tape is only thing that needs
replaced periodically
Data very consistent with TEOM
AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT
Ozone
Ecotech 9810B
Measures ozone by ultraviolet photometry
U.S. EPA approved
Internal zero and span for auditing
AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT
Reactive Nitrogen Compounds (NOy)
Thermo Andersen 42CY
Measured by chemiluminescent response of
NO blended with ozone
Internal zero and span for auditing
AIR MONITORING EQUIPMENT
 Meteorological
 Wind Speed/Wind Direction
 Met One Model 50.5
 Temperature
 Met One Model 592
 Relative Humidity
 Met One Model 083D
 Precipitation
 Met One Model 375C
DATA VALIDATION AND CERTIFICATION
Quality Assurance Project Plan
 Data Quality Objective is to conduct compliance
monitoring for NOy, O3, PM2.5 and PM10 (continuous),
Lead in TSP , and meteorological data.
 DQO is controlled and evaluated by using Data Quality
Indicators:
 Precision, Accuracy, Completeness, Representativeness,
and Comparability.
Data certification through AQS, after verification
and validation of data
CONTINUED INVOLVEMENT
NTAA Member
TAMS Steering Committee Member
Beginning October 2014
Four States Clean Air Alliance
Board Member
THANK YOU AND ENJOY THE FORUM
Contact Information
Craig Kreman
5681 S 630 Road
PO Box 765
Quapaw, OK 74363
Office: (918) 542-1853
Cell: (918) 533-3085
Email: [email protected]

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