RZD JSCo within the system of international transport corridors

Open Joint-Stock Company
Institute of Economy and Transport Development
RZD JSCo within the system of international
transport corridors.
Establishing a new seamless Eurasian transport corridor
Moscow - Bratislava - Vienna
Report by Deputy CEO of IERT JSC
S.N. Sharapov, D.Sc.(Tech.)
at the seminar
Russia – EC studies in railway transport; the Eurasian Land Bridge as a tool for bolstering
the competitive position of the railway business
Moscow, 16 October 2012
Types of transport corridor
within the framework of the RETRACK project
Tikhomirov corridors
Types of transport corridors within the
RETRACK project
- The Transsiberian trunk line
- the Central Corridor
- Points of track gauge change
Diagram of the 1520 mm railway line Moscow - Kiev– Bratislava –
- Existing railways
- 1520 mm railway line Moscow - Kiev– Bratislava – Vienna
- planned line
On the project forbuilding a Bratislava – Vienna railway
with atrack gauge of 1520 mm
The quadrilateral MoU signed (Russia, Ukraine, Slovakia, Austria) details the (continued) construction
project for a 1520 mm railway line from Košice (Slovakia) to Vienna.
Line length ≈500 Km
Anticipated volume 16m to 26m tonnes
The goal of the project is to connect the Central European railway system with regions of the Transsiberian
trunk line, attract freight traffic to the Asia – Russia – Central Europe route and to bolster the competitive
advantage of railway transport.
Advantages of the new line:
 Time of delivery from the East to Europe:
15 days vs. 35 days by sea;
 environmentally friendly;
 macroeconomic effect for the countries
International transport corridors
International transport corridors
West – East corridor
North-South corridor
Lines under construction and in design stages
Alternative sea routes
The Transsiberian trunk line: a connecting link
between Europe and Asia
The Transsiberian trunk line is fully electrified and equipped with state-of-the-art signalling automation and IT
RZD JSCo introduces a new transport product, the Transsiberian in Seven Days. By 2015, hauling a
container from Western to Eastern Russian along the Transsiberian trunk line will take 7 days.
Today the speed is around 1200 Km/day (8 days).
E.g., November 2011, a container train run from the Vostochny port
to Shushary station (St Petersburg hub) took 6 days 16 hours.
Measures taken:
Development of the railway
Cooperation with international railways
and organisations
Developing the intermodal
transport technology
Developing logistics
Implementing state-of-the-art
information technologies
Versions of the line proposed in the interim Feasibility Study of the
Project for a Wide Gauge Railway Link between Košice and Vienna
developed by Roland Berger Strategy Consultants
Total cost of the project: € 6.60 billion
Construction cost of the new rail line: € 6.36 billion
Cost of terminal construction: € 0.24 billion
rail lines of the 1520 mm gauge
Versions of the line proposed in the interim Feasibility Study of the
Project for a Wide Gauge Railway Link between Košice and Vienna
developed by Roland Berger Strategy Consultants
version 1: plain
- version 4: modified basic version
version 1: plateau
- basic version / version 5: parallel to the
version 1: plateau, centre
existing line
- transloading complexes proposed in the project developed by Roland
The advantages of building railway lines with a
track gauge of 1520 mm in countries with a different gauge width
In accordance with the construction regulations (STNTs01-95, etc.) of the Russian Federation, the load per axle
and per unit length, the dimensions of the rolling stock
and clearance to obstructions of the 1520 mm railways are
substantially greater. For instance, the axle load for 1520
mm is up to 30 tf per axle; for 1435 mm, 22.5 tf/axle
The Development Strategy of the Railway Transport of
the Russian Federation up to 2030 sets the following
target parameters for freight wagons for wagon building
– axle load increase to 27–30
– 30% increase in the time to freight
wagon failure
The railway network of RZD JSCo provides for
hauling heavy wagons and does not require
significant adaptation.
Railways of EC countries (1435 mm) cannot
accommodate rolling stock with an axle load exceeding
the specified limit. For this reason, modernised rolling
stock conforming to the EC standard has to be used for
mass transport utilising automated track switching,
variable gauge wheelsets or carriage replacement.
Using wagons with an axle load of 22.5 tf/axle within the
1520 mm gauge railway network will reduce the
efficiency of infrastructure use, especially on busy lines
-speed increase to 140 km/h;
-building platforms with variable
gauge wheelsets for container
Russian plants produce heavy duty
locomotives for heavy freight trains with
a weight of 6000 t.
List of impediments inherent in different corridors and associated
with specific problem types (RETRACK)
Problem group
Border crossing
Transit time
Provision of
wagons and
rules and
Feasibility of
railway shipments
Free market
Operating impediments
 power limitations and obsolete infrastructure at stations located at the junctures of sections with
differing track gauge and at transloading stations;
 customs procedures, delays at border crossings;
numerous technical stops for changing locomotives and drivers;
inadequate throughput capacities at the ports of the TRACECA corridor;
intermodal transport including two sea sections — the TRACECA corridor;
shipments using unit trains mixed with carload shipments;
unpunctuality and unreliable transit times;
 optimisation of wagon fleet, especially in Ukraine and in the private sector in Russia: the
Transsiberian and Central corridors;
 providing wagons: the TRACECA corridor;
 providing and allocating flat cars (especially for the Transsiberian);
 providing and allocating containers;
 Chinese quality certificate;
 confirmation of unloading at Chinese container terminals;
 differences in administrative rules and freight documentation;
 information flows based on manual processing: the Central and TRACECA corridors;
 language problems associated with documents in the national or dominant working language or
mismatching character sets;
 oversize freight cannot be carried across Caucasus: the TRACECA corridor;
 lack of safety in connection with hazardous cargo: the Central corridor;
 semi-monopolistic railway structures prohibiting real competition;
 differences in the maximum permissible train length and weight;
List of impediments inherent in different corridors and associated
with specific problem types (RETRACK)
Problem group
Organisational impediments
 Limited interest in continued international development owing to the high share of domestic
shipments: the Transsiberian corridor;
 lack of funds for investing in the competitive position of the railway infrastructure;
 insufficient progress in developing the infrastructure from the political standpoint: the Central
 Absence of agreements between the countries regarding tariff questions: the TRACECA corridor;
 payment is only refunded for booking a ferry on the Caspian Sea: the TRACECA corridor;
 customs guarantees with respect to transit shipments: the Transsiberian and Central corridors;
rules and
 lack of a common interpretation of the relevant laws and regulations — TRACECA and the Central
Problem group
 HR development and training.
Market impediments
 low/insufficient volume and imbalance of freight traffic, inadequate volumes of goods for organising
corridors with scheduled train traffic
 users fail to understand the conditions of shipping, delivery and defining the liabilities of the parties:
the TRACECA corridor;
 priority given to individual types of freight;
and regulatory
 varying criteria for loading equipment in different countries, especially in China (e.g., European tanks
are banned in China, Chinese tanks are incompatible with European loading terminals, chemicals in
drums are not allowed (they can be handled all over the world except China), etc.)
 unfair competition;
 high and unstable tariffs.
List of impediments inherent in different corridors and associated
with specific problem types (RETRACK)
Problem group
Transit time
Border crossing
Technical impediments
 Differing electrical systems on different sections;
 different signalling / control systems on certain sections;
 different track gauge;
 lack of modern monitoring and tracking equipment: the Central Corridor, TRACECA;
 Inefficient and obsolete track standards at transloading stations between the European and Russian
Open Joint-Stock Company
Institute of Economy and Transport Development
Thank you !

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