SubSearch P.S.

SubSearch P.S.
The CM system for Marking
Your Texts
S.U.B. S.E.A.R.C.H. (P.S.)
• S = Skim
Speed read a Text for Main ideas!
• U = Underline (underline as you “first draft” read
• B = [Brackets] for that one major idea or thesis
The SUB phase of the SubSearch (PS)
is the quick “first draft” reading that
focuses on finding the main idea or
the BIG PICTURE of a text selection.
S.U.B. the Text:
As we Skim, Underline, and [Bracket] a text, we
are forcing ourselves to concentrate and seek
out the very few “MAIN IDEAS” in the passage.
SUB-ing a text is a fast strategy that leads the
reader into discovery of the main concepts.
S.E.A. For Deeper Reading
Just as a submarine “goes deeper” to hide and
to attack, sometimes we need to go “deeper”
to find the details of the passage.
S.E.A. are the three distinct ways to mark a text
that cause you – the reader- to interact with
the ideas and the details you are reading.
There are literally hundreds of SYMBOLS that you can use
in the margin. Feel free to create your own.
An idea I agree with
I love this idea
Brainstorm – BIG IDEA
A “turnaround” idea / new direction
I disagree / incorrect thinking
Can you suggest a few other symbols?
LISTS of facts, details, names, and dates are
some of the best clues an author gives to a
Example: The North won the Civil War because
they had better supplies, more economic
power, and a larger population.
Make better use of your margins by using
abbreviations. Think IM or text message lingo.
ot - off topic
pu – that idea stinks
FYI – for your information…an idea worth knowing
eod – end of discussion…the author makes a culminating point
tmi – too much information…don’t need to know all this
Can you suggest some more abbreviations that would be helpful?
Make good use of your Emoticons!
I’m shocked by this idea!
I’m disappointed by this viewpoint
I’m happy to read this!
I’m annoyed with this author
I’m bored with this text
I’m frustrated with this text
The R/C is the most important
• We want you to REACT and CONNECT to the text
while you’re reading by writing personal notes
and tracking your emotions in the margins.
• The R/C phase is the most important because it
shows that the reader is truly interacting with the
• R/C is one of the stages of SubSearch (PS) that is
Highlighting is like GOLD
Highlighting has value when it is RARE.
Too much highlighting = little learning!
*Only after we have SUB-ed and SEARC-ed, can we
then pick up a highlighter – and we should put a
limit on the number of highlighted sentences /
phrases per passage.
HIGHLIGHTING is an “after” reading
strategy – so is the P.S.
When you paraphrase, you put information into
your own words.
When you summarize, you condense large amounts
of text into smaller bits of information.
If you can do both these things, then you are TRULY
reading and comprehending!
Why Paraphrase or Summarize?
• According to research, paraphrasing and
summarizing information may be the most
significant strategy and skill that students
develop in school (Marzano).
• After finishing the SUB-SEARCH of an article or
passage, you should be able to look back at
your markings and write your own P.S.

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