AutomatingSharePointTasksWithPowerShell

Report
Automating SharePoint Tasks with
PowerShell
Rick Toner MCSD, MCPD, MCITP
[email protected]
Blog: http://www.getsharepoint.com/blog
Prior Version of SharePoint
 Stsadm and PsConfig
 Command line driven text results only
SharePoint 2010+
 Welcome to Automation!
 PowerShell + SharePoint = time savings and
validation!
What is Windows PowerShell?
 Dynamic scripting language
 Next generation commandline/scripting
environment from Microsoft.
 General purpose programming language
What can it do?
 Automate complex, repetitive tasks
 Build command line utilities
 .NET Interactive Prompt
 Windows Server management
 SharePoint 2010+
 IIS 7.0+
Getting Started
 How do I get it?
 If you're using Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2,
you have nothing to do - it's already there.
 All other versions can download it at
 http://support.microsoft.com/kb/968929
Some gotchas!
 Adjust PowerShell to allow script execution.
 PS> Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted
 What if it just won't run?
 http://technet.microsoft.com/en-
us/library/ee176949.aspx
Cmdlets
 Standardized naming scheme for cmdlets
 <Verb>-<Noun> where the verb specifies the
action and the noun specifies the object to
operate on.
 Examples
 Get-Help, Remove-Item
Scripting Language: Variables
 Variables are always prefixed with $ except:
 gps -OutVariable Procs –ErrorVariable Err
 Set-Variable FirstName 'John'
 Can be loosely or strongly typed:





$a = 5
$a = "hi"
[int]$b = 5
$b = "hi" # Errors since $b is type int
$c = [int]"7" # Coerce string to int
 Automatic variables
 $null, $true, $false, $error, $?, $LastExitCode, $OFS,
$MyInvocation
Scripting Language: Variables
Type of Operation
Operators
Arithmetic: Numeric
+ - * / () %
Arithmetic: String
+ to concatenate, * to repeat "-" * 72, -f formatting
Assignment
= += -= *= /= %= ++ --
Negation
! -not
Comparison: General
-eq -lt -gt -le -ge -ne -and -or
Comparison: String
-ceq -clt -cgt -cle -cge -cne -like –notlike
-match -notmatch -clike -cnotlike -cmatch -cnotmatch
String Manipulation
-replace
Array
-contains -ccontains
Bitwise
-band -bor -bnot
Type test/conversion
-is -isnot -as
“c” indicates case
sensitive
Remember: Many operators start
with hyphens
A better way to script!
 PowerGUI Script Editor
 Debugging
 Variable watch (local window)
 Superior scripting UI
 Intellisense (Auto complete)
 Snippets
 Commenting out blocks
Other demo scripts
and tools!
Any good resources?
 First and foremost in PowerShell; of course!
 PS> Get-Help (Any command)
 PS> Get-Help about_Windows_PowerShell_2.0
Resources continued
Name
URL
MSDN PS Blog
blogs.msdn.com/powershell
Technet SP PS Blog
technet.microsoft.com/enus/sharepoint/ee518673
Get-PSScripts
get-spscripts.com
PowerShell Code Repository
poshcode.org
PowerShell Scripts, Tips
powershell.com
Resources continued
Name
URL
PowerGUI
powergui.org
Free Powershell Books
Effective Windows PowerShell
keithhill.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!5A8D2641E0
963A97!6930.entry
Master-PowerShell
powershell.com/cs/blogs/ebook
SharePoint PowerShell Books
 A++ Book!
 Automating SharePoint
2010 with Windows
PowerShell 2.0
 http://www.wiley.com/Wil
eyCDA/WileyTitle/product
Cd-0470939206.html
Books continued
 PowerShell for Microsoft
SharePoint 2010
Administrators
 http://www.mhprofessional.c
om/product.php?isbn=007174
7974
 PowerShell for SharePoint
2010 How-To
 http://www.informit.com/stor
e/product.aspx?isbn=0672335
59X
Questions?
 Rick’s blog - http://www.getsharepoint.com/blog
email: [email protected]
Twitter ID: rtonerii
 Western Carolina SharePoint Users Group
 Arden, March 8th, 2012
http://www.GetSharePoint.com

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