7-Segment LED Display

7-Segment LED Display
DD: Section 5.1-5.2
Mano: Section 3.10
Using always @()
Using Case Staetment
Wire Versus reg
Use Mux to display one bit at a time
always statement
The sensitivity list contains a list of all signals that will affect the outputs generated
by the always block.
always @(*)
* in the sensitivity list will automatically include
all signals on the right side of your statements
always @(*) can be used when you want your
elements to change their values as one or more
of its inputs change.
always@ can be used with either non-blocking
statement (if you want to execute statements
in parallel) or blocking statement (if you want to
execute statements sequentially)
Why using always @(*)
the number preceding : indicates
the value of the case parameter.
(=, implies that blocking
statements are used)
‘hA means “A” in hex numbers.
7’b0000001 means 7 binary numbers
with a sequence equal to 0000001
The default statement is necessary since
Verilog actually defines four possible
Values for each bit:
Z (high impedance)
X (unknown value)
• All outputs generated by the always
block must be declared to be of type
• Reg is used to suggest that the values
behaves like a variable that might be
stored in a register.
Legal Uses of the wire
Legal Uses of reg
When wire and reg are
Test Bench for hex7seg_case.v
• 2-to-1 mux
• 4-to-1 mux
2-to-1 mux
• A 2-input mux is controlled by a single
control line s.
• If s=0, y=a and y=b if s=1.
4-to-1 Mux
4-to-1 Mux
(Creating a 4 x 1 MUX from 2 x 1 MUX)
Multiplexing 7-Segment Displays
If s[1:0]=00, then x[3:0].
If s[1:0]=01, then x[7:4].
If s[1:0]=10, then x[11:8].
If s[1:0]=11, then x[15:12].
Use Quad 4-to-1 mux
Get values for an[3:0] from btn[3:0] so that only one LED is displayed.

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