Children’s socio-emotional wellbeing and daily family life in a 24-h economy Some information of the project Research consortium funded by the Academy of Finland (20112014) JAMK university of applied research: Anna Rönkä, Mia Tammelin, Timo Hintikka, Ulla Teppo University of Jyväskylä: Marja-Leena Laakso, Eija Sevon, Pirjo-Liisa Poikonen, Eija Salonen, Piia Manninen, Johanna Mykkänen, Leena Turja, Riitta-Leena Metsäpelto National Institute for Health and Welfare: Marjatta Kekkonen, Liisa Heinämäki University of Utrecht (Department of Cultural Anthropology and Sociology): Tanja van der Lippe, Anne Roeter University of Manchester, Morgan Centre for the Study of Relationships and Personal Life): Vanessa May 2 Frame of reference in 24/7 study: MAKROSYSTEM: EXOSYSTEM: Parents’ work at non-traditional hours MESOSYSTEM: Day and night care -Good practices - Interpretations of children’s well-being -Partnership etc MESOSYSTEM: 24/7 ECONOMY Servicesystem Sosial-, family- and workpolicies Daily family living - Work-family interrelations MIcROSYSTEM: - Challanges in Children’s socio- parenting emotional - Fatherhood wellbeing -Single parenting - Partnership etc Bronfenbrenner, U. Ecological systems theory 3 Research questions 1) How is daily family life and child care organized among Finnish, British and Dutch families with parents working at non-traditional hours? 2) How do parents and children experience parental work at nontraditional hours and different care arrangements? What are the central aspects of daily life at home and in care experienced by the children when one or both parents work shifts? 3) Is the form of parental work (day work, workat non-traditional hours) related to children’s socio-emotional wellbeing? • If so, then what are the possible mediators or moderators? What is the role of the spousal relationship, parenting and family functioning? • Does the form of child care (centrally based care, home care) make a difference? • Are there additional differences deriving from the three different national policy and cultural contexts? 4 Research questions: continue 4) What enhances a satisfactory family life and child wellbeing in the context of parental work at non-traditional hours? What kind of routines do children and parents have in relation to daily transitions? How do children go about building a sense of belonging if their parents work at non-traditional hours? 5) What is the role of day-care and the partnership between day-care and parents in enhancing child wellbeing? • What are good practices in institutional child care according to day-care workers and parents? • What are the aspects of day-and-night care care that are important to children? 5 Multi-method and -informant approach Parental survey (Finland, Uk, NL) Survey for child care Qualitative personnel interviews for (Finland) parents and children (Finland) Structured Questions Different interview questions concerning day care techniques to concerning parental personnel’s opinions gather children’s work, work-family about the and parent’s interaction, challenges and good stories in the parenting, child practices inchild context of 24h care, child wellcare economy being Generalizable Generalizable Children’s and information about information about parents’ point of 24h economy the challenges and view in a 24h(parents’ point of good practices, the economy view) point of view of day care personnel Around-the-clock diary for children (Finland) Child’s moods (child and adult ratings) Daily transitions Good and challenging moments Key events Situation-specific information about daily transitions and fluctuations in mood Parental and Personnel Surveys Parental survey Survey for child-care personnel • • • A web- questionnaire (app. 500 respondents ) Comparative: also the Netherlands and the Great Britain – • • Parents are contacted via day care centres and work organisations (service sector ) Themes, for example: – – – – – • • app. 200 respondents/country Working time practices (time, timing, and tempo of work) Experiences of work-family interface (conflict and enhancement) Parenting Quality of spousal relationship Child wellbeing Also interview data on parents Collected autumn 2012 – analysis early 2013 • • A web- questionnaire (app. 200 respondents) Finland; Day-and-night care centres Themes, for example: – – • • Challenges and good practices of day-andnight care in enhancing child-wellbeing Partnership between parents and personnel Public and private child-care units Collected autumn 2012 – analysis early 2013 Methods for hearing the children Storytelling as a way children express their viewpoints on their social-emotional wellbeing • • • Doctoral study by Piia Manninen Marjaana Lehtomäki (Master’s thesis) Also studies by Jamk students Co-operation started in Tapiola Day and night care center in Autumn 2011 - Already 16 families have given their consents Details: Pictures and pictured ”stages” of important places, moments and happenings about shift care Child tells what happens and the stories are played together with the adult One story will be watched together with the parents / personelle Young children’s social-emotional wellbeing in the context of day and night care • Doctoral study by Eija Salonen Relates with parents’ and day care personelle’s interviews Content: Observations of doings and beings of the most youngest ones in the day care center, especially coming to the day care, evenings and mornings Observations will also be conducted at homes Interviews will be used to broaden the knoweledge gained from observations Methods for hearing the children You got a message from Illi! The all-around-the -clock diary • Sample: 20 children recruited from Day-and-night care centres + parents and day care personnel • One week period with questions three times a day • Answering either at home or in the day-care by using mobile-phones (smart phones borrowed from the project); children will carry mobilephones with them • Questions for both children and adults (parents, day care personnel) • The questions for the children concern the child’s daily moods, doings and interaction with caring adults • The questions for children are spoken; answering either by speaking or by pushing the icons • The questions for adults concern the adult’s perceptions of child’s moods and daily wellbeing; answering by writing or using structured scales Message from Illi! Some examples from children’s questions • Please tell to Illi how did you sleep last night? Tell to Illi how you are you this morning? Please choose between Illi’s faces which suits your mood best. • Have you been happy this morning? Choose if you have - not at all been happy - a little bit happy - quite happy - very, very happy? • Tell Illi what was the nicest thing in this morning? • What about the worst thing in this morning? • What have you been doing at home/at day care in this morning? EXAMPLES FROM THE EVENING QUESTIONS • Please describe to Illi one nice moment at daycare today • Please describe to Illi one miserable moment at day care today • Illi is interested in knowing more about your day at day care. I tell you now some things that can happen. Please push either yes or no: - It was nice to come to day care today - I missed my home at day care today - Adults have talked to me today - etc Examples from the questions for adults • Child’s moods (happy, angry, sad, worried, tired, motivated, restless); 1-7 scale • Desribe your own mood in your own words (parents, afternoon) • How was the child’s day according your opinion? • How did the child react to day care today? (day care personnel, afternoon) • What made the child’s day a good one or a bad one, and why is that? • What do youn think the child needed from the adults today?