Document 7353614

Report
 To
identify the aesthetic benefits of floral
design.
 To become familiar with the history of floral
design.
 To understand the origin and development of
different styles.
 Used
throughout civilization
 Religious significance
 Personal adornment
 Addition of beauty to dwellings
 Special
Occasions
 Symbols of love, friendship, sympathy and
celebration
 Language of flowers
Red roses symbolize and
communicate love.
 To
understand the impact of earlier cultures
on modern design styles.
 To see the derivation of design styles
 To be able to create arrangements depicting
historical style or design period.
 Classical
 European
 Oriental
 American
 Byzantine
Period
 Egyptian Period
 Greek Period
 Middle Ages
 Roman Period
 Styles
were simple and orderly
 Regimented rows and repetition of identical
floral groups created patterned designs.
 Primary colors dominated.
•Did
not arrange flowers in vases.
•Flowers were scattered on the
ground for celebrations.
•Wreaths and garlands were worn
or carried during special occasions
•Heroes, athletes and dignitaries
were honored with wreaths.
 Potted
plants were grown indoors to supply
flowers
 Professional florists were hired to create
wreaths and decorations
 Cornucopia was a symbol of abundance and
was used in an upright position.
 Grace, simplicity and symbolism
characterized the Greek design.
 Wreaths
and garlands were more elaborate.
 Blossom filled scarves were placed on
religious alters
 Flowers were arranged in containers or
likonons (baskets with high backs and
flattened fronts)
 Continued
Roman designs
 Garlands were twisted narrow bands of fruit,
flowers, and foliage.
 Color schemes used neighboring hues with
complementary accents.
 Flowers
arranged in vases
 Little known about floral designs of this
period
 Information found in Persian art, rugs, and
tapestries.
European
Periods of
Floral
Design
Renaissance Period
 Baroque Period
 Flemish Period
 French Styles
 English Georgian
Period
 Victorian Period

 Arrangements
were large, tall,
pyramidal and
symmetrically
balanced
 Arrangement was
twice the height of
container
 Flowers were
loose, airy and
uncrowded
Symmetrical oval
shaped designs
 Hogarthian curve or
S-Curve developed
this period

 Flemish
artists
painted floral
arrangements,
refining Baroque
style
 Better proportioned
and more compact
 Flowers were
massed into oval
shaped
arrangements taller
than their container
 Influenced
European, English
and American Styles
 Influenced by
Baroque art
 Feminine appeal
 Arrangements were
bouquets with no
design or center of
interest.
 Topiary designs
were introduced
 Moved
away from
formality and
symmetry
 Nosegay was a
hand-held bouquet
developed at this
time
 Nosegays were
placed in bowls of
water on tables as
centerpieces
 Floral
designs
were poorly
proportioned
 Large masses of
flowers with no
focal point
crowded into
containers
•Japanese
•Chinese
Style
Style
 Floral
arrangements originally used to
decorate Buddhist temples
 Large, symmetrical arrangements with
central axis
 Only one or two types of flowers and foliage
used
 Bright colors were used
 Adopted
Chinese
style in 6th century
and created their
own highly refined
art form
 Ikenobo school of
floral art created
the style known as
Ikebana
 Characterized by
linear forms and
open spaces
Early American Period
American Federal Period
Contemporary Styles
 Household
utensils
(kettles, pitchers,
pans, etc.) and
baskets were used
as containers
 Materials for
arrangements were
wildflowers, dried
flowers and grasses
 Designs were
informal and
massed
 Influenced
by French Styles
 Stressed individual beauty of flowers
 Flower height was greater than width of
arrangement
 European
mass designs were combined with
Japanese line designs to create line-mass
designs
 Advances in transportation and refrigeration
influenced availability of cut flowers from
local to world markets
 Individualistic, unique designs

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